 # 5-7 Indirect Measurement Warm Up Problem of the Day

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5-7 Indirect Measurement Warm Up Problem of the Day
Course 3 Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation

Warm Up Solve each proportion. = = 1. 2. = = 3. 4. x 75 3 5 2.4 8 6 x
9 27 = 8 7 x 3.5 = 3. 4. x = 4 x = 2

Problem of the Day A plane figure is dilated and gets 50% larger. What scale factor should you use to dilate the figure back to its original size? (Hint: The answer is not .) 1 2 2 3

Learn to find measures indirectly by applying the properties of similar figures.

Vocabulary indirect measurement

Sometimes, distances cannot be measured directly
Sometimes, distances cannot be measured directly. One way to find such a distance is to use indirect measurement, a way of using similar figures and proportions to find a measure.

Triangles ABC and EFG are similar. Find the length of side EG. F E G 9 ft x B A C 3 ft 4 ft Triangles ABC and EFG are similar.

Triangles ABC and EFG are similar. Find the length of side EG. AB AC EF EG = Set up a proportion. Substitute 3 for AB, 4 for AC, and 9 for EF. 3 4 9 x = 3x = 36 Find the cross products. 3x 3 36 3 = Divide both sides by 3. x = 12 The length of side EG is 12 ft.

Triangles DEF and GHI are similar. Find the length of side HI.
Check It Out: Example 1 Triangles DEF and GHI are similar. Find the length of side HI. H G I 8 in x E D F 7 in 2 in Triangles DEF and GHI are similar.

Check It Out: Example 1 Continued
Triangles DEF and GHI are similar. Find the length of side HI. DE EF GH HI = Set up a proportion. Substitute 2 for DE, 7 for EF, and 8 for GH. 2 7 8 x = 2x = 56 Find the cross products. 2x 2 56 2 = Divide both sides by 2. x = 28 The length of side HI is 28 in.

Understand the Problem
Additional Example 2: Problem Solving Application A 30-ft building casts a shadow that is 75 ft long. A nearby tree casts a shadow that is 35 ft long. How tall is the tree? 1 Understand the Problem The answer is the height of the tree. List the important information: • The length of the building’s shadow is 75 ft. • The height of the building is 30 ft. • The length of the tree’s shadow is 35 ft.

Make a Plan Use the information to draw a diagram. 35 feet 75 feet 30 feet h Solve 3 Draw dashed lines to form triangles. The building with its shadow and the tree with its shadow form similar right triangles.

Solve 3 30 75 h 35 Corresponding sides of similar figures are proportional. = 75h = 1050 Find the cross products. 75h 75 1050 75 = Divide both sides by 75. h = 14 The height of the tree is 14 feet.

4 Look Back 75 30 Since = 2.5, the building’s shadow is 2.5 times its height. So, the tree’s shadow should also be 2.5 times its height and 2.5 of 14 is 35 feet.

Understand the Problem
Check It Out: Example 2 A 24-ft building casts a shadow that is 8 ft long. A nearby tree casts a shadow that is 3 ft long. How tall is the tree? 1 Understand the Problem The answer is the height of the tree. List the important information: • The length of the building’s shadow is 8 ft. • The height of the building is 24 ft. • The length of the tree’s shadow is 3 ft.

Check It Out: Example 2 Continued
Make a Plan Use the information to draw a diagram. 3 feet 8 feet 24 feet h Solve 3 Draw dashed lines to form triangles. The building with its shadow and the tree with its shadow form similar right triangles.

Check It Out: Example 2 Continued
Solve 3 24 8 h 3 Corresponding sides of similar figures are proportional. = 72 = 8h Find the cross products. 72 8 8h 8 = Divide both sides by 8. 9 = h The height of the tree is 9 feet.

Check It Out: Example 2 Continued
4 Look Back 8 24 1 3 Since = , the building’s shadow is times its height. So, the tree’s shadow should also be times its height and of 9 is 3 feet. 1 3 1 3 1 3

Lesson Quiz 1. Vilma wants to know how wide the river near her house is. She drew a diagram and labeled it with her measurements. How wide is the river? 2. A yardstick casts a 2-ft shadow. At the same time, a tree casts a shadow that is 6 ft long. How tall is the tree? 7.98 m w 7 m 5 m 5.7 m 9 ft