Presentation on theme: "ICC’s mission ICC was created in 1919 by a handful of entrepreneurs to: promote cross-border trade and investment and the multilateral trading system represent."— Presentation transcript:
2 ICC’s missionICC was created in 1919 by a handful of entrepreneurs to:promote cross-border trade and investment and the multilateral trading systemrepresent business all over the world
3 ICC members ICC has hundreds of thousands of members in 130 countries: Companies Of all sizes and from all sectorsChambers of commerce Regional, national and localBusiness associations National and sectoraland worldwide offices in over 90 countries
4 ICC member companiesExamples of some well-known ICC members from different sectors:7
6 Why global networks?Networks essential in any business to gain information, knowledge, contacts and trustEven small businesses look to export markets: global networks can helpImproved communications make information on markets and opportunities more easily availableNetworks being increasingly used in business as basis for marketing, innovation, new business models
7 Global networks Global networks can help on two levels Create tools and frameworks to support market accessBusiness opportunities and development for individual businessesGlobal networks can help build trust
8 Tools and frameworksWhat tools and frameworks have been created by global business networks to support market access?International trade transactionsCustoms facilitationDispute resolutionPolicy frameworks
9 International trade transactions (1) Incoterms (International Commercial Terms)Standard trade definitions most commonly used in international sales contracts e g . EXW (Ex works), FOB (Free on Board), CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight), DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid), and CPT (Carriage Paid To)Devised by ICC using network of trade specialists and interested partiesSince 1936, updated six times to keep pace with the development of international trade. Current version: Incoterms 2000 (being revised).
10 International trade transactions (2) Model contracts and clausesDeveloped by ICC network of lawyers and expertsworldwideNeutral framework for international contracts : even-handed agreement acceptable to both sides ; no bias for any one particular legal systemExamples: Global sourcing ; Commercial Agency; Confidentiality; Distributorship; Franchising; Mergers and Acquisitions; International Sales; Share Purchase; Intermediaries Selective Distributorship; Electronic Contracting; Trademark Licence; Technology Transfer; Subcontracting
11 International trade transactions (3) Rules for documentary creditsLetters of credit used in international tradetransactions to ensure payment and contract performanceICC through network of trade finance specialists has issued standardized rules Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary CreditsRegular revisions by ICC: current version is UCP600
12 Customs facilitation (1) ATA CarnetInternational customs documentPermits duty-free and tax-free temporary import of goods for up to one year.Covers commercial samples, professional equipment, goods for presentation or use at trade fairs, exhibitionsNetwork of customs authorities and national issuing organizations coordinated by ICC-WCF
13 Customs facilitation (2) Certificate of Origin (CO)Attests that goods in a particular exportshipment are wholly obtained or produced or manufactured or processed in a particular country (country of origin).Important to determine what duty will be assessed on the goods or whether goods may be legally imported.Issued by network of chambers of commerce and trade associationsICC World Chambers Federation International Certificate of Origin Guidelines : first international procedures and guidelines manual
14 Dispute resolutionContracts essential basis for business transactions: need to forsee resolution of disputesIn 1921, ICC network of businesses realized need to create alternative dispute settlement procedures for businesses trading internationallyICC dispute settlement services : trusted system created by a business network for businessesMediation, arbitration, conciliation
15 Policy framework Businesses work within framework of national, regional and international rulesRules have important effects on business and market access eg trade, investment,intellectual property, tax, competition, environment, customs, transport, marketing, e-businessNetworks of businesses work with governments to help shape these rules: ICC (international/multisectoral eg UN, WTO etc); chambers of commerce and trade/professional associations (sector specific issues and national/regional level)
16 Business opportunities and development How can global networks helpcreate business opportunities ?develop individual businesses ?
17 World Chambers Congress Takes place every 2 years in a different region of the world: Kuala Lumpur, 3-5 June 2010Brings together nearly 2000 chamber andbusiness representatives from over 100 countriesExcellent networking platform and exhibition spaceFocus on role of women in businessand intellectual propertyLeading sustainablegrowth and change
18 Electronic marketplaces/info exchange Internet = new opportunities for information exchange and contacts BUT problem of trust.World Chambers Network website platform for exchange of business information between chambers and their member companies worldwideThe Global Business Exchange (GBX) – business opportunities from member chambers worldwide on easy-to-search online database.Partnership with Openentry – market access for SMEs.International trade information - country reports, trade and customs information, etc. produced by chambers of commerce, and available online.
19 Chambers IP programmes Many chambers and business organisations offer IP support programmes for businessesICC IP tool-kit for chambers – listing of types of IP support offered by different chambers around the worldHelps businesses identifychambers that can help themHelps chambers set up their own initiatives
20 Counterfeiting and piracy ICC BASCAP initiative provides platform to connect and mobilize businesses across industries, sectors and national borders in the fight against counterfeiting and piracy.Website rich source of informationIP guidelines for business:what businesses can do to protect their own creativity and innovation and lower the risk of using counterfeit materials or infringing other companies’ IP rightsBASCAP supports local groups and initiatives in different countries
21 Business/professional associations Networks of peopleTrust buildingInformation exchangeLearn from each others’ experiencesForce for change
22 Thank you for your attention For more informationThank you for your attentionDaphne Yong-d’HervéICC :World Chambers Federation:Commission on Intellectual Property: