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What are the different kinds of economic systems??

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Presentation on theme: "What are the different kinds of economic systems??"— Presentation transcript:

1 What are the different kinds of economic systems??
OBJECTIVE: Today we are going to learn about the four different economic systems. By the end of the day we will be able to identify their traits, and will be able to classify a country by economy. AGENDA: Economic systems lecture Descriptions worksheet

2 What is the relationship?

3 Economic systems The way a society organizes to produce, distribute, and consume goods. Economic systems try to prevent surpluses (having too much of a good or service) Economic systems try to avoid shortages (having too little of a good or a service) The four types of economic systems are: traditional, market, command, and mixed.

4 Traditional economy An economic system where tradition and custom govern economic decisions Economic activities are usually centered toward the family, tribe, or ethnic group Resources are allocated based on inheritance Farming, hunting, and gathering are done largely in the same fashion as the generation before Choices are determined by environment Little or no use of technology

5 Pros & Cons of traditional economy
+ Little friction among members because there is little competition + Individual roles are clearly defined + System is generally well understood by participants - Does not allow for growth and development - Changes are slow - There is little social mobility (your role is determined by birth) - Does not take advantage of technology

6 Examples of traditional economies
The Inuit of Nunavut, Canada Very few traditional economies exist today; only around 400 million people remain in traditional economies (about 5% of the world’s population). Most have merged with the economy of the state surrounding them, but still maintain their cultural values and economic sensibilities. The Batwa of the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Uganda The Kayapo of the Amazon in Brazil

7 Command economy The government or other central authority makes all economic decisions, including the price of goods and services Resources are owned by the government There is no competition; the purpose of business is to provide goods and services, not to make a profit Factories are concerned with quotas Consumers have few, if any, choices in the market place

8 Pros & cons of a command economy
+ Can ensure stability because it does not coincide with business cycles + Serves people collectively instead of individuals; focus on equality + Distributes wealth among all of society + Products produces fulfill needs -Often there is insufficient resource distribution (shortage/surplus) -Lack of incentives for innovation -Infringes on personal freedoms -Can often lead to corruption among state planners

9 Examples of command economies
The fictional dystopian worlds in Divergent and the Hunger Games are great examples of command economies. The Interview is based in reality, but my guess is that students will connect better with the film than with representations of the actual North Korea.

10 Market economy Economic decisions are made by individuals competing to earn profits Based on supply and demand Resources are owned by individuals Profit, not quota, is the motive for increasing work Competition determines price and increases the quality of products Individuals have freedom to make economic decisions

11 Pros & cons of a market economy
+ Prices determined by supply and demand - competition brings down prices + Consumers can buy whatever they like in whatever amounts they want + No government intervention + Great variety of goods and services -Does not provide basic needs of everyone in society, which can lead people to slip into poverty -Makes it difficult for government to provide adequate social services -There are occasionally market failures

12 Examples of market economies
Slide is intentionally blank because there are no true examples of a complete free market economy

13 Mixed economies Combines elements of pure market and command economies; government and individuals share the economic decision making process Government guides and regulates production of goods and services Resources are owned by individuals Government serves to protect both producers and consumers from unfair policies and practices

14 Pros & Cons of mixed economies
Mixed economies have all the advantages and disadvantages of command and market economies and + Can focus on social welfare and political freedom, as well as individual liberties -May not lead to optimal use of resources -Government intervention can hinder progress

15 Examples of mixed economies

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