Programme Priorities of the Basel Convention Secretariat Basel Convention Resource Mobilization Workshop Nairobi, 3 – 7 December 2006 Andreas Arlt Secretariat of the Basel Convention
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 2 1.Framework: Strategic Plan and Priority Waste Streams 2.Implementing Global and Regional Priorities 3.Programme activities 4.Expected future trends and activities Content
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 3 Basel Conventions Framework 1999 Basel Declaration on the Environmentally Sound Management of Hazardous Waste The 2002 Strategic Plan for the Implementation of the Basel Convention to 2010 (COP6, 2002) The 2004 Ministerial Statement on Partnership for Meeting the Global Waste Challenge (COP7, 2004) The 2006 Nairobi Ministerial Declaration on the environmentally sound management of electronic and electrical waste (COP8, 2006) These instruments help to enforce the goals set forth in the Basel Convention, to enhance its role, to deliver benefits for the people and the environment, such as: (a) Reduction of the negative impacts on human health, in particular on the poor; (b) Lower risk of diseases, injuries and work-related accidents; (c) Positive impact on reducing toxic releases to land, air, water bodies.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 4 1999 Basel Declaration Basel Declaration on the environmentally sound management of hazardous waste was adopted on the occacion of the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Basel Convention. Parties Expressed the vision that ESM is accessible to all Parties, emphasizing the minimization of HW and the strengthening of capacity-building; Recognized the need to to focus activities until 2010 on specific actions to promote the implementation of the BC; Agreed to enhance and strengthen efforts and cooperation to achieve ESM in the following fields (in total 9 fields of work): Prevention, minimization, recycling, recovery, and disposal of HW (ESM); Active promotion and use of cleaner technologies and production; Reduction of transboundary movement; Improvement and promotion of institutional and technical capacity-building; Prevention and monitoring of illegal traffic; Further development of regional and subreginal centres
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 5 2002 Strategic Plan The Strategic Plan of the Basel Convention, contained in document UNEP/CHW.6/3, was adopted by decision VI,1 in 2002; The text makes reference to the relevant fields of the Basel Declaration on Environmentally Sound Management presented in common clusters and gives a list of activities to be undertaken within a specific time frame; Strategic Plan defines for all 9 fields of the Basel Declaration concrete activities for the period 2003-2004 and 2005-2010; Strategic Plan Document (Strategic Plan UNEP CHW_6_3.doc)Strategic Plan UNEP CHW_6_3.doc
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 6 Ministerial Statement 2004 Parties and other States agreed to take the following course of action: 1.To endeavour to reduce the generation of hazardous waste; 2.To consider setting their own targets for waste minimization; 3.To adopt a partnership approach when dealing with priority waste streams; 4.To encourage North-South cooperation, and South South and private-public coalition; 5.To review waste streams of concern in their countries and regions and identify priority waste streams for reduction initiatives;
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 7 Ministerial Statement 2004 (2) Parties and others States agreed to devote more efforts to: Building sustainable partnerships Networking among Parties and Basel Convention regional centres; Strengthening and promoting the active involvement of the Basel Convention regional centres; Strengthening national capacities to segregate hazardous from non-hazardous wastes; Identifying cleaner production methods; Promoting the development of environmentally sound technologies and their transfer to developing countries; Mobilizing new and additional financial resources.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 8 Ministerial Statement 2004 (3) The Ministerial Statement acknowledged the importance of focusing on four policy directions, namely: 1.Hazardous waste minimization, 2.Life-cycle approach, 3.Integrated waste management and 4.Regional approach.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 9 Ministerial Statement 2004 (4) The Ministerial Statement identified the following priority waste streams: 1.E-wastes (electrical and electronic wastes) 2.Used lead acid batteries 3.Used oils 4.Persistent organic pollutants wastes including obsolete stocks of pesticides, PCBs, dioxins/furans 5.Biomedical and healthcare wastes 6.Household wastes mixed with hazardous wastes 7.By-products from the dismantling of ships
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 10 Nairobi Ministerial Declaration 2006 Nairobi Ministerial Declaration on the ESM of e-waste by Ministers and heads of delegation: Confirm the the BC provides an effective framework for developing strategic partnerships on ESM of e-waste Recognize the importance of encouraging green design and extended producer responsibility in the life cycle of e- products; Declare that : The Basel Convention is the main global instrument for guiding ESM of e-waste.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 11 Nairobi Ministerial Declaration 2006 (2) Declare that Parties shall 1.Encourage national, regional, global actions for the ESM of e- waste through shared responsibilities; 2.Promote integrated waste management; 3.Improve waste management controls; 4.Combat illegal traffic; 5.Encourage and support strategic partnerships; 6.Develop cooperation, programmes, initiatives to support the implementation of activities aimed at the ESM of e-waste; 7.Promote information exchange and technology transfer; 8.Promote clean technologies, green design, phase-out of hazardous substances in e-products, product stewardship, extended producers responsibility.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 12 BC Operational Network (BCON) The Secretariat of the Basel Convention and the 14 Regional and Coordinating Centres constitute the Basel Convention operational network (BCON): 1.To assist Parties to implement the Basel Convention 2.To facilitate access to environmentally sound management capacity for hazardous and other wastes. BCRCs become hubs for information collection and dissemination in areas recognized of importance for the effective implementation of the Basel Convention.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 13 Basel Convention Regional Centres Main functions: Training, Technology Transfer, Information Exchange, Consulting, Awareness-raising Important role in the implementation of the Basel Convention at the regional level: Entrusted with the implementation of priority activities of the Strategic Plan Business Plans of the Centres include: Priority setting, workplan, project descriptions (workshops, seminars, technical projects) prepared in consultation with countries they serve. Projects within the framework of the Strategic Plan. Framework Agreements: Eight have been signed for SPREP, BCCC-Uruguay, BCRCs-Egypt, Indonesia, Trinidad & Tobago, Senegal, Argentina and Iran.
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 14 Basel Convention Regional Centres At present 14 Regional Centres in operation: Latin America and the Caribbean: Argentina, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay Africa: Egypt, Senegal, South Africa, Nigeria Asia and Pacific: China, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), SPREP Central and Eastern Europe: Russian Federation, Slovakia
Africa and West Asia 1 Basel Convention Regional Centre for the Arab States in Egypt 2 Basel Convention Regional Co-ordinating Centre in Nigeria 3 Basel Convention Regional Centre in Senegal 4 Basel Convention Regional Centre in South Africa 5 Basel Convention Regional Centre in Tehran Asia and Pacific Region 6 Basel Convention Regional Centre in China 7 Basel Convention Regional Centre in Indonesia 8 Pacific Regional Centre for Training and Technology Transfer for the Joint Implementation of the Basel and Waigani Conventions in the South Pacific region Central and Eastern Europe 9 Basel Convention Regional Centre in the Russian Federation 10 Basel Convention Regional Centre in Slovakia Latin America and the Caribbean 11 Basel Convention Regional Centre in Argentina 12 Basel Convention Regional Centre in El Salvador 13 Basel Convention Regional Centre in Trinidad and Tobago 14 Basel Convention Coordinating Centre for Training and Technology Transfer for Latin America and Caribbean region in Uruguay
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 16 Priorities against Programme Activities Priority waste stream Ranking African Countries Projects SBC implements/ has developed Budget (US$) (implementing/ planned) Electrical and electronic wastes (E-wastes) 21515 70,000 12,800,000 Used lead acid batteries61212 100,000 1,000,000 Used oils42323 200,000 ? Persistent organic pollutants wastes, including obsolete pesticides 52828 1,350,000 8,528,775 Biomedical and healthcare wastes32323 ? 1,045,500 Municipal wastes mixed with hazardous wastes 13819,000 By-products from the dismantling of ships 700
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 17 Future Trends and Activities In addition to existing activities related to priority waste streams: Global programme and regional projects on the ESM of e-waste Continuation of the Mobile Phone Partnership Mercury containing waste (partnerships, pilot projects on sound disposal and remediation) Asbestos wastes: Technical guidelines and training materials, pilot activities)
Secretariat of the Basel Convention 18 Dr Andreas Arlt United Nations Environment Programme Secretariat of the Basel Convention (SBC) 15, Chemin des Anémones CH-1219 Châtelaine Genève, Switzerland Tel.: +41 22 917 8364 Fax: +41 22 797 3454 email: Andreas.Arlt@unep.ch Contact