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Aim: Were the Middle Ages a time of Chivalry?

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Presentation on theme: "Aim: Were the Middle Ages a time of Chivalry?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Aim: Were the Middle Ages a time of Chivalry?
Do Now: What do you think of when you hear the term, “chivalry”? Homework: Read, “The Truth about Knighthood,” and answer questions Write your answers in complete sentences.

2 The Age of Chivalry Setting the Stage. During the Middle Ages, nobles constantly fought one another. Their feuding kept Europe in a fragmented state for centuries. Through warfare, feudal lords defended their estates, seized new territories, and increased their wealth. Lords and their armies lived in a violent society that prized combat skills. By the 1100s, though, a code of behavior began to arise. High ideals guided warriors’ actions and glorified their roles.

3 The Ten Commandments of the Medieval Code of Chivalry:
Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions. Thou shalt defend the Church. Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them. Thou shalt love the country in the which thou wast born. Thou shalt not recoil before the enemy. Thou shalt make war against the Infidel without cessation, and without mercy. Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if they be not contrary to the laws of God. Thou shalt never lie, and shalt remain faithful to thy pledged word. Thou shalt be generous, and give largesse to everyone. Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.

4 Code of Chivalry To fear God and maintain His Church
To serve the liege lord in valour and faith To protect the weak and defenceless To give succour to widows and orphans To refrain from the wanton giving of offence To live by honour and for glory To despise pecuniary reward To fight for the welfare of all To obey those placed in authority To guard the honour of fellow knights To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit To keep faith At all times to speak the truth To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun To respect the honour of women Never to refuse a challenge from an equal Never to turn the back upon a foe

5 Valor and Honor

6 Consecrating a Knight

7 How do you become a knight?

8 Intense Training from the age of 7

9 St. George and the Dragon (c. 1455 – 1460) by Paolo Uccello
Chivalry demanded that a knight fight bravely in defense of three masters: his earthly feudal lord, his heavenly Lord, and his chosen lady. St. George and the Dragon (c – 1460) by Paolo Uccello

10 Knights: Warriors on Horseback
Soldiers mounted on horseback became valuable in combat in the 700s when Europeans saw that the Muslim cavalry (soldiers on horses) often turned the tide of battles. As a result, the Frankish army organized troops of armored horsemen, or knights.

11 Chaucer & Love The first recorded association of Valentine's Day with romantic love is in Parlement of Foules (1382) by Geoffrey Chaucer19 Chaucer wrote: For this was on seynt Volantynys day Whan euery bryd comyth there to chese his make. ["For this was Saint Valentine's Day, when every bird cometh there to choose his mate

12 Science of heraldry

13 Dressing the Knight

14 Modern day knights?

15 Tournaments

16 Examples of Knights in Battles
Battle of Grunwald 1410 Norman Invasion 1066

17 Legends King Arthur and Guinevere Saxon King in 518
Knights of the Round Table

18 Camelot

19 Specialized Knights Crusaders Knights Templar

20 Is Chivalry dead?

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