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ITU-T technical results in IMT-2000 Studies: Mobile Network Evolution

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Presentation on theme: "ITU-T technical results in IMT-2000 Studies: Mobile Network Evolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 ITU-T technical results in IMT-2000 Studies: Mobile Network Evolution
Greg Jones, ITU-T June, 2002, Lisbon

2 A View of Terminal Mobility Versus Personal Mobility
must carry a wireless terminal must be within radio coverage Network wireless Personal mobility need not carry a terminal must have a personal number Network wireline A View of Terminal Mobility Versus Personal Mobility


4 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
Q (04/02) – IMT-2000 References to Release 1999 of GSM evolved UMTS Core Network with UTRAN Access Network Q.1701 (03/99) - Framework for IMT-2000 Networks Q.1711 (03/99) - Network Functional Model for IMT‑2000 Q.1721 (06/00) - Information Flows for IMT‑2000 CS‑1

5 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
Q.1731 (06/00) - Radio Technology Independent Requirements for IMT‑2000 Layer 2 Radio Interface Q.1751(06/00) - Internetwork Signalling Requirements for IMT‑2000 Capability Set 1 Supplement 30 (12/00) to ITU‑T Recommendation Q Framework for IMT-2000 Networks - Roadmap to IMT-2000 Recommendations, Standards and Technical Specifications

6 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
E.164/I.331 (05/97) - The international public telecommunication numbering plan E.190 (05/97) - Principles and responsibilities for the management, assignment and reclamation of E-Series international numbering resources E.212 (11/98) - The international identification plan for mobile terminals and mobile users H.323 (11/00) – Packed-based multimedia communications systems

7 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
Annex H to Rec. H.323 (2001) – Users, terminal and service mobility in H.323 Annex I to Rec. H.323 (2001) – Terminal mobility in H.323 (Error prone channels) Annex E to Rec. H.246 (11/00) – Use of H.323 terminals in the PLMN Recommendation G.729 and its Annexes (Rev.) – Coding of speech at 8kbit/s using CS-ACELP (conjugate – structure, algebraic-code- excited liner prediction) (03/96) H.323 (V4 –02/00) – Packet based multi-media communication systems

8 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
Recommendation H.450 series – Generic functional protocol for the support of supplementary services in H.323 H.245 (V6 - 02/00) – control protocol for multimedia communication H.332 (09/98) – Multimedia terminal for security Internet-based H.323 conferences H.235 (V2 - 11/00) – Security and encryption for H-series (H.323 and H.245 based) multimedia terminals

9 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
H.248 (06/00) – Gateway control protocol M.3200 (04/97) - TMN management services and telecommunications managed areas: overview M.3210(IMT-SP) - Configuration Management Functional Requirements:Service Provisioning for IMT target 2003 M (01/01) – TMN Management Services for IMT-2000 Security Management This is note!

10 ITU-T Recommendations could be found at
X.509 ISO/IEC (03/00) – Information Technology – Open Systems Interconnection – The Directory: Public-Key and Attribute Certificate Frameworks X.841 ISO/IEC (10/00) - Information Technology – Security Techniques – Security Information Objects X.842 ISO/IEC TR (10/00) - Information Technology – Security Techniques – Guidelines on the Use and Management of Trusted Third Party Services (TTP) X.843 ISO/IEC (10/00) - Information Technology – Security Techniques – Specification of TTP Services to Support the Application of Digital Signatures

11 The three-stage process for interface specification
Services/Features Stage 1 Service definition Functional architecture Physical architecture Information flows Stage 2 Signaling requirements SDL diagrams Stage 3 Protocol specification Interfaces SDL – System Description Language The three-stage process for interface specification

12 IMT-2000 Family-of-systems concept.
Member B Family Member A Family Member C IMT-2000 Family-of-systems concept.

13 Physical interfaces of an IMT‑2000 family member system
CNs of other IMT-2000 family members to be specified in future CSs CN UIM MT RAN CN UIM-MT interface MT-RAN interface RAN-CN interface NNI UIM – User Identity Module MT – Mobile Terminal RAN – Radio Access Network CN – Core Network NNI or CN–CN – Network-to- Network Interface Physical interfaces of an IMT‑2000 family member system

14 List of Interfaces need to be standardized in ITU
NNI MT-RAN interface UIM-MT interface RAN-CN interface

15 Common NNI in the IMT‑2000 Family Member interconnection model
IWF – Interworking Function Common NNI in the IMT‑2000 Family Member interconnection model


17 SSG - IMT-2000 and Beyond Why create this study Group?
growth of wireless access outstripping traditional access soon will be over 50% of all subscribers already the case in some markets explosive growth of the Internet strong correlation between wireless access and internet usage leads to “Wireless Internet” multiple forums working on 3G systems need to promote harmonization and convergence rapidly increasing importance of globalization

18 Why is the SSG-IMT special?
Given significant freedom in conducting its business: Paperless meetings to maximum extent possible Reduced meeting notice requirements (one month, electronically) Reduced contribution submission deadline All documents to be available on ITU web site Meeting reports to be made available quickly May use teleconferences, other means to conduct work A de facto trial of selected reform aspects! Plus has the usual powers of a Study Group: Create and approve Recommendations To advise TSAG on effectiveness of new procedures

19 Data Subscriber Growth Wireless Applications Growth
Wireless Internet Source: Strategis Group, World Cellular / PCS Markets, May 1998. (“Other Digital” refers to PDC and PHS.) Source: The Yankee Group, Nortel Networks Subscriber Growth Data Subscriber Growth Data Traffic Growth Voice 96% Data 4% Voice 30% Data 70% Wireless Applications Growth

20 A Mobile Revolution Fixed Lines vs. Mobile Users, worldwide, Million
1'400 Mobile Users 1'200 Fixed Lines 1'000 800 600 400 200 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 Source: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators Database.

21 Special Study Group on IMT-2000 and Beyond Summary of Mandate (1 of 2)
Lead SG on IMT-2000 and beyond and for mobility Primary responsibility within ITU‑T for overall network aspects of IMT‑2000 and beyond Work plan Migration path from existing IMT-2000 systems towards systems beyond IMT-2000 Long term common IP-based architecture Near term IP-based internetworking Overview road map Interworking functions, if not done elsewhere

22 Special Study Group on IMT-2000 and Beyond Summary of Mandate (2 of 2)
In addition, will study: Harmonization of IMT-2000 Family members as they evolve beyond IMT-2000 Evolution of network aspects utilizing IMT-2000 RTTs as FWA Network aspects of convergence of fixed and wireless networks Standardization of IMT-2000 interfaces where needed Work with ITU-D to assist developing countries in applying IMT-2000 Collaborate with ITU-R 8F (radio) and 8D (satellite) Strong cooperative relations and complementary programs with SDOs, 3GPPs Develop and approve Recommendations Make use of provisional working procedures specific to this SSG

23 Questions under study (1 of 3)
Q.1/SSG Service and Network capability requirements and network architecture      establish a clear vision for future mobile services and network capability requirements for “beyond IMT-2000 systems”   Q.2/SSG NNI mobility management protocol (Stage 3) define new mobility management signalling application protocols, or enhancements to existing protocols, needed to support IMT-2000 services to enable global roaming between different IMT-2000 family systems.   Q.3/SSG Identification of existing and evolving IMT-2000 Systems     identify architectures, detailed specifications and releases which have been and will be produced by recognized SDO’s which make up existing and evolving IMT-2000 systems.

24 Questions under study (2 of 3)
Q.4/SSG Interworking functions to be used with existing and evolving IMT-2000 systems identify (and define if not done elsewhere) interworking functions to facilitate appropriate interworking between existing and evolving IMT-2000 family members, PSTN/ISDN and Packet Data Networks Q.5/SSG Preparation of a Handbook on IMT-2000 work with the D and R sectors, coordinate T sector input for a handbook on IMT-2000 to assist developed and developing countries

25 Questions under study (3 of 3)
Q.6/SSG Harmonization of evolving IMT-2000 Systems define interface requirements and network architectures for harmonization of existing and evolving IMT-2000 systems to provide seamless global roaming for IMT-2000 future Capability Sets (that include high speed packet data, multimedia, and IP-based services) Q.7/SSG Convergence of fixed and existing IMT-2000 systems - describe the principles and requirements for the convergence of fixed and IMT-2000 networks describe the architectural requirements for a converged core network to support IMT-2000 capabilities accessible from various wireless and wireline access technologies to support current and evolving IMT-2000 capabilities   Q.8/SSG Special Study Group working procedures


27 Characteristics of the 4th generation?
New network types ? New frequency bands? New air interfaces? New terminals/appliances? Different network management? New services? Better cost/performance ratios? Higher reliability? Perhaps all, but only where the business case justifies the investment !


29 Technology perspective of 4th generation
4th generation wireless network and terminal re-configurability (scalable and flexible self-organised), including the adaptation of resource allocation to cope with varying traffic load, channel conditions and service environments. Integration of fixed/mobile/broadcasting networks and rules for distribution and decentralized control of functional entities. Protocols that permit the network to adapt dynamically to changing channel conditions, that allow the coexistence of low and high-rate users, hand-off of high-data-rate users between base stations, congestion-control algorithms that are cognizant of and adjust to changing channel conditions etc. Development of system concepts for digital broadband millimeter wave (up to 200GHz ) capable of delivering bit rates beyond 155 Mbits/s.

30 Towards life in 2010: 90% of traffic on mobile networks will be data
Domestic demand reaches 100Mbits/s per home Cellular phone locations used in traffic management systems All new cars fitted with automated distress system 90% of calls will be tetherless 1 Terabit memory chip Chips with 10 billion transistors Household access by facial recognition In-store positioning systems enable personalised guides Voice interface for home appliances

31 Expectation for 4G System:
high speed (vehicular: 2 Mbps, pedestrian/indoor:20 Mbits/s) next generation Internet support (IPv6, QoS, Mo-IP) high-capacity 5~10 times to 3G flexible for providing new services utilize higher frequencies (for example 3~8 GHz) lower system cost (1/10 of IMT2000?) 4th generation mobile systems will differ from IMT-2000. System deployment history indicates that the generation changes roughly 10 years step.

32 It is not only circuit switched voice services!
• the mobile component of the Information Society • digital convergence of content, media, data and telecom • a multi-national, multi-sector system • many different protocols (MPEG, WAP, IP, etc.) • a wide range of terminals, products and services It demands global roaming • users want services available everywhere • new services and products for competition and innovation

33 Capability Set 1 circuit and packet bearer capability up to 144 kb/s in vehicular radio environment circuit and packet bearer capability up to 384 kb/s for pedestrian radio environment circuit and packet bearer capability up to 2048 kb/s in indoor office radio environment roaming among the IMT-2000 family of systems interworking with IP networks interworking with other fixed networks service portability and support of virtual home environment multimedia terminals and services emergency and priority calls geographic position/location service user authentication and ciphering support of UPT

34 Deliverables (1 of 8) 2002: New Rec. Q.1702 (Q.LTVN) - Long-Term Vision of Network Aspects for Systems Beyond IMT Q.1: ITU long-term vision (focused around year 2010) on systems beyond IMT-2000 for future mobile service and network capabilities requirements (currently under AAP Last Call)

35 Deliverables (2 of 8) 2002: Handbook on IMT-2000 deployment, Q.5
New Rec. Q.SCFN, Q.1: Aspects of service capability requirements, including VHE

36 Deliverables (3 of 8) 2002: New Rec. Q , Q.3: “IMT-2000 References to Release 1999 of GSM evolved UMTS core network with UTRAN access network” (Release 2) New Rec. Q , Q.3: “ANSI-41 evolved core network with cdma2000 access network”

37 Deliverables (4 of 8) 2003: Tech. Report, Q.2: New protocols for Common Mobility Management and Global Roaming New Rec. Q , Q.3: “ANSI-41/GPRS evolved core network with UWC-136 access network”

38 Deliverables (5 of 8) 2003: New type of output, Q.6: Degree of harmonisation of existing IMT-2000 systems New type of output , Q.6: Harmonisation issues relating to existing IMT-2000 systems New type of output , Q.6: Harmonisation proposals for evolving IMT-2000 systems New type of output, Q.7: Principles and requirements for convergence of public fixed networks and IMT-2000 network

39 Deliverables (6 of 8) 2003: New Rec. Q.FNAB, Q.1: Long-term high-level network architecture for beyond IMT-2000 systems New Rec. Q.NCRB, Q.1: Network capabilities requirements New Rec., Q.2: Requirements for new Mobility Management protocols to support Global Roaming in IMT-2000 and beyond New Rec., Q.7: Network architecture and interface requirements facilitating evolution of existing public fixed networks towards converged core network, supporting IMT-2000 capabilities New Rec., Q.7: Access network interface requirements for utilizing IMT-2000 radio access technologies as FWA with existing public fixed networks

40 Deliverables (7 of 8) 2004: New Rec., Q.4: Functions required to interwork between IMT-2000 family members developed by SDOs New Rec., Q.4: Functions required to interwork between IMT-2000 family members and PSTN/ISDN New Rec., Q.4: Functions required to interwork between IMT-2000 family members and Packet Data Networks

41 Deliverables (8 of 8) 2004: Tech. Report, Q.2: Identification of the mobility management features and studies the protocol to interoperability, transport layers and mobility management New Rec., Q.7: Architectural and network interface requirements for converged core network to facilitate services transparency to users across different access arrangements, including migration path for network convergence

42 SSG Meetings May , 2002, Ottawa, Canada followed by one-day seminar on IMT-2000 and Systems Beyond November 4 - 8, 2002, Geneva, Switzerland March 3 – 7, 2003, Geneva, Switzerland

43 Envisaged Network Environment Around the Year 2010
High-speed data connection is a norm in accessing multimedia services and Internet services The core network is fully IP-based Software radio technology becomes a main element in the wireless infrastructure Digital TV with data service capability Mobility management will be supporting higher speed objects such as vehicles

44 Phases and expected timelines for future development of IMT-2000 and systems beyond

45 Defining the Vision: Capabilities of IMT-2000 and Systems Beyond

46 Data rates for the new elements of the system beyond IMT-2000
up to 100 Mb/s for the mobile access and up to 1 Gb/s for the nomadic/local area wireless access

47 Generic Network Architecture of IMT-2000

48 Difficulties towards the single Network Architecture
influences of competition existing networks depreciating equipment time frames for equipment installation the mix of services provided

49 Layer Architecture of future network scenarios

50 Three scenarios for core network in long-term
ATM Core Network ATM/IP Core Network IP Core Network

51 For more information please visit out web site
SSG web page and IMT web pages: 1. Network aspects 2. Radio aspects

52 Thank you for your attention!

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