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Network Virtualization and Service Awareness Properties of FNs

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1 Network Virtualization and Service Awareness Properties of FNs
Joint ITU-T SG 13 and ISO/JTC1/SC 6 Workshop on “Future Networks Standardization” (Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012) Network Virtualization and Service Awareness Properties of FNs in ITU-T Q.21/SG13 Myung-Ki Shin, ETRI Co-Rapporteur of Q.21/13 Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 1 1

2 Talk Outline Motivation and background Network virtualization
Y Framework of Network Virtualization Software-defined networking (SDN) Y.FNsdn - Framework of Software-defined networking Conclusion and next steps 2

3 Motivation and background
Objectives and motivation FNs are recommended to provide services whose functions are designed to be appropriate to the needs of applications and users [Y.3001] Promising technologies for this, include Network virtualization [Y.3011] and Software-defined networking [Y.FNsdn], That enables network operators to control their networks in unified, programmable manner, and as a result of that realizes multiple isolated and flexible networks in order to support a broad range of network architectures, services, and users that do not interfere with others. 3

4 Work items of this area FN Vision Network virtualization Y.3001 Y.3011
Service Awareness Properties FN Vision Network virtualization Long-term perspective Y.3001 (published) Y.3011 (published) Y.FNvirtreq Y.FNvirtarch Framework Requirements Architecture (next step) Software-defined networking (SDN) Short/mid-term perspective Y.FNsdn Y.FNsdn-fm Framework Requirements of Formal Specification 4

5 (Framework of Network Virtualization)
Recommendation Y.3011 (Framework of Network Virtualization) 5 5

6 Scope of Y.3011 Scope of this Recommendation Why this Recommendation ?
Definition, overview and motivation Problem spaces Design goals Applicability of network virtualization Use cases Why this Recommendation ? Key functional features for realizing FNs objective, Service awareness Key technology for FNs design goals; service diversity, functional flexibility, virtualization of resources 6

7 Y.3011- Problem statement: Why network virtualization is necessary?
The current network architecture is under serious reconsideration and people started thinking about alternatives Redefining network architecture requires many challenges Difficult to drastically change the basic architecture of large scale networks Enormous amount of resources are required to build, operate, and maintain them It is difficult to foresee all the user demands that may arise in the long term future It’s necessary to support a variety of the new different architectures to accommodate the heterogeneity of future networks Network architecture should be designed to flexibly adapt the continuous changing requirements about networks 7

8 Network virtualization definition
A technology that enables the creation of logically isolated network partitions (LINP) over shared physical networks so that heterogeneous collection of multiple virtual networks can simultaneously coexist over the shared networks. This includes the aggregation of multiple resources in a provider and appearing as a single resource. 8

9 Concept of network virtualization (LINP: Logically Isolated Network Partition)
Network virtualization is required to be capable of providing multiple virtual infrastructures those are isolated each other. The virtualized infrastructures may be created over the single physical infrastructure Each virtual network is isolated each other and is programmable to satisfy the user’s demand on the functionality and amount User’s demand is conveyed to LINP manager which is required to coordinate infrastructures so that appropriate network resource is provided to the user 9

10 Key properties of LINP Partitioning: each resource can be used concurrently by multiple LINP instances Isolation: the clear isolation of any LINP from all others Abstraction: in which a given virtual resource need not directly correspond to its component resources Aggregation: aggregate multiple instances to obtain increased capabilities 10

11 8 Design goals (1/2) Isolation: isolation among the LINPs
Security isolation, performance isolation, etc. Network abstraction : allows hiding the underlying characteristics of network resources from the way in which other network resources, applications, or users interact with the network resources and establishing simplified interfaces for accessing the network resources Allows selective exposure of key network functionalities in networks by defining of abstraction level Topology awareness and quick reconfigurability: update of LINP's capability needs to be done dynamically and without interrupting the operation of the current LINP 11

12 8 Design goals (2/2) Performance: how to reduce the performance degradation caused by virtualization layer or adaptation layer Programmability: programmable control plane and data plane so that users can use customized protocols, forwarding or routing functions in the LINP (flexibility) Management: how to provide independent management functions for each LINP Manage both virtual and physical resources, interaction,… Mobility: movement of virtual resources including users and services Wireless: consider some unique characteristics such as limited resource usage, signal interference 12

13 Next steps of Y.3011 Y.3011 – Published
Has already started Y.FNvirtreq as a next work Title - Requirements of Network Virtualization Virtual resource management Service mobility Wireless virtualization … (will be described more) Architecture doc (Y.Y.FNvirtarch) will be also developed, (hopefully), when FNvirtreq is stable 13

14 Draft Recommendation Y.FNsdn
(Framework of software-defined networking) 14 14

15 Scope of Y.FNsdn Scope of this draft
Definition and overview of software-defined networking; Key properties of software-defined networking; Framework of software-defined networking, including; programmable control plane, data forwarding plane abstraction, and how to map into virtualization of the underlying network infrastructure Use cases of software-defined networking Network operators’ perspectives will be covered and discussed

16 SDN definition and concept
A technology to networking which allows centralized, programmable control planes so that network operators can control and manage directly their own virtualized networks Basic concept (1) separation of control and data planes, (2) centralized, programmable control planes of network equipment, and (3) support of multiple, isolated virtual networks

17 Basic SDN concept

18 Framework of SDN (1/2)

19 Framework of SDN (2/2) Programmable control plane
It is recommended that SDN has three open interfaces, including southbound, northbound, and east-west bound interfaces for control planes. SDN languages and formal specification [Y.FNsdn-fm] It is recommended that SDN has formal specification method and languages for application/service development. Data plane abstraction It is recommend that SDN has well-defined, common data plane models, rather than using of specific hardwares Virtualization of the underlying network

20 Next steps of Y.FNsdn Initial drafts are well revised at this week
Y.FNsdn and Y.FNsdn-fm Network operators’ perspectives will be covered and discussed Collaboration with other relevant SDOs To propagate SDN to wider telecom community Terminologies, framework, use cases, etc. 20

21 Future plan of Q.21 NEW Question X/13 – “Service awareness properties of FNs” is being proposed and discussed for new SG13 study period ( ) This new Q will cover the following tasks - Network virtualization (i.e., Y.FNvirtreq …) SDN (i.e., Y.FNsdn, Y.FNsdn-fm, …) and other service awareness properties of FNs 21

22 Thank you ! Any questions ?
22 22

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