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Deliverables; Overview, Terminology and Use Cases

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1 Deliverables; Overview, Terminology and Use Cases
Workshop on Focus Group on Smart Grid (Geneva, 9 January 2012) Deliverables; Overview, Terminology and Use Cases Hyungsoo (Hans) KIM Vice-chair FG Smart (KT, Korea) Geneva, 9 January 2012

2 Terminology Deliverable Use Case Deliverable
Contents Overview Deliverable Smart-O-34Rev.4 Terminology Deliverable Smart-O-30Rev.6 Use Case Deliverable Smart-O.31Rev.7 Geneva, 9 January 2012

3 Summary Overview Deliverable This Deliverable provides an overview of Smart Grid. For this, this Deliverable provides key concepts and objectives of Smart Grid and identifies architecture overview and fundamental characteristics. This Deliverable specifies roles and key areas of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Smart Grid, networks/services architecture, and required capabilities Geneva, 9 January 2012

4 Scope Definition of Smart Grid; Objectives of Smart Grid;
Overview Deliverable Definition of Smart Grid; Objectives of Smart Grid; Conceptual model and reference architecture of Smart Grid; Fundamental characteristics of Smart Grid; Roles and key areas of ICT for Smart Grid; Architecture overview for Smart Grid; and Required capabilities for Smart Grid. Geneva, 9 January 2012

5 Content (1) Overview Deliverable 6. Overview of Smart Grid
6.1. Concept of Smart Grid 6.2. Goals and Objectives of Smart Grid 6.3. Relationship with and among other SDOs related to Smart Grid outside the ITU-T 6.3.1 IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) 6.3.2 ISO/IEC JTC 1 6.3.3 ITU-R (ITU-Radio communications) 6.3.4 Established Regional & Other SDOs 6.4. Conceptual model and reference diagram for Smart Grid 7. Characteristics of Smart Grid 7.1. Key elements for Smart Grid 7.1.1 Smart Grid Services/Applications 7.1.2 Communication 7.1.3 Physical Equipment 7.2. Fundamental characteristics of Smart Grid Geneva, 9 January 2012

6 Content (2) Overview Deliverable
8. Role and Key Areas of ICT for Smart Grid 8.1. Concepts and roles for Smart Grid in the ICT perspective 8.2. Key areas for standardization 8.3. Key applications and platform in Smart Grid 9. Architecture overview for Smart Grid in ICT perspective 9.1. Simplified domain model in ICT perspective 9.2. Simplified reference architecture for Smart Grid 10. Required capabilities for Smart Grid 10.1. Services/Applications Plane 10.2. Communication Plane 10.3. Energy Plane Grid domain (bulk generation, distribution and transmission) Smart metering (AMI) Customer domain 10.4. Common required capabilities in all of planes Security 11. Corresponding activities between FG-Smart and relevant SGs of ITU-T Geneva, 9 January 2012

7 Concept Overview Deliverable It has been recognized that the Smart Grid is a new electricity network, which highly integrates the advanced sensing and measurement technologies, information and communication technologies (ICTs), analytical and decision-making technologies, automatic control technologies with energy and power technologies and infrastructure of electricity grids

8 Goals and Objectives Overview Deliverable The general goals of Smart Grid are to ensure a transparent, sustainable and environmental-friendly system operation that is cost and energy efficient, secure and safe. Objectives of developing the Smart Grid are quite different from country to country for their various demands and start points. However, the common objectives of a Smart Grid are clear and listed such as: Robustness, Secured operation, Compatibility, Economical energy usage, Integrated system, Optimization and Green energy

9 Conceptual model Domains and Actors in the model Overview Deliverable
Actors in the Domain Customers The end users of electricity. May also store, and manage the use of energy. Traditionally, three customer types are discussed, each with its own domain: residential, commercial, and industrial. Markets The operators and participants in electricity markets. Service Providers The organizations providing services to electrical customers and utilities. Operations The managers of the movement of electricity. Bulk Generation The generators of electricity in bulk quantities. May also store energy for later distribution. Transmission The carriers of bulk electricity over long distances. May also store and generate electricity. Distribution The distributors of electricity to and from customers. May also store and generate electricity.

10 Key areas for Standardization
Overview Deliverable

11 Simplified domain model
Overview Deliverable

12 Appendix I. Other Smart Grid definitions :
Appendices Overview Deliverable Appendix I. Other Smart Grid definitions : IEC, Wikipedia, US DoE, NIST, etc. Appendix II. Standardization activities of ITU-T SGs for Smart Grid SG2, 5, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, etc. (including ITU-R)

13 Definitions 90 Definitions
Terminology Deliverable 90 Definitions Power-related elements, functions, terminologies, etc. : Advanced metering infrastructure, Automatic voltage regulator, Demand response, Electric vehicle, etc. Communications-related elements, functions, terminologies, etc. Home area network, Next generation network, Session initiation protocol, etc. Geneva, 9 January 2012

14 Abbreviations 60 Abbreviations DER : Distributed Energy Resource
Terminology Deliverable 60 Abbreviations DER : Distributed Energy Resource DR : Demand Response EV : Electric Vehicle HAN : Home Area Network PHEV : Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle V2G : Vehicle to Grid, etc. Geneva, 9 January 2012

15 Scope Use Case Deliverable The objective of this deliverable is to analyse several use cases for smart grid in the ICT perspective and identify requirements and architectural considerations Geneva, 9 January 2012

16 Content Use Case Deliverable High-Level Use Cases
7. Detailed Use Cases 7.1. Demand Response 7.2. WASA 7.3. Energy Storage 7.4. Electric Vehicle to Grid Interaction 7.5. AMI Systems 7.6. Distribution Grid Management 7.7. Market Operations 7.8. Existing User’s Screens 7.9. Managing Appliances Through/By Energy Service Interface 7.10. Control of Electric Vehicle 7.11. Distributed Energy Generation/ Injection 7.12. Other use cases Geneva, 9 January 2012

17 12 High Level Use Cases Use Case Deliverable Geneva, 9 January 2012

18 Example Use Case Deliverable No Title Description 1
Demand Response (DS) Mechanisms and incentives for utilities, business, industrial, and residential customers to cut energy use during times of peak demand or when power reliability is at risk. Demand response (DR) is necessary for optimizing the balance of power supply and demand. 2 Wide-Area Situational Awareness (WASA) Monitoring and display of power-system components and performance across interconnections and over large geographic areas in near real-time. The goals of situational awareness are to understand and ultimately optimize the management of power- network components, behavior, and performance, as well as to anticipate, prevent, or respond to problems before disruptions can arise. 3 Energy Storage (ES) Means of storing energy, directly or indirectly. Smaller forms of energy storage (ES) are anticipated within distribution systems as well as bulk power systems. New storage capabilities—especially for distributed storage—would benefit the entire grid, from generation to end use, but the resources need to be correctly integrated into transmission and distribution operations. Geneva, 9 January 2012

19 82 Detailed Use Cases Use Case Deliverable Geneva, 9 January 2012 (15)
(11) (10) (2) (7) (5) (7) (9) (7) (4) (4) (1) Geneva, 9 January 2012

20 Template Title - X: high-level use case title
Use Case Deliverable Title - X: high-level use case title Sub-title: Specific title of use case related to the high-level use case Description General description for use case of smart grid in the ICT perspective Stakeholder s (Actors)/ Domains Roles of related stakeholders and domains in the Appendix II Information Exchanges Protocol procedures between entities Source (References ) FG-Smart contribution number and/or reference document, websites Geneva, 9 January 2012

21 Example (1) Use Case Deliverable WASA 7 Load Shedding Description
This procedure describes what activities are performed by an operator when he gets the order to release a determined value of load in a period, due to the possibility of partial or complete blackout. When the emergency situation is over, the operator has to restore the power. It is possible to create and execute certain jobs in order to restore power. Load shedding is a function to protect equipment against under- frequency. This kind of action is drastic and should only be used as a last resource. But there are situations where there is no other possibility. It can avoid danger to human life in sequence of a blackout, a voltage collapse, etc. Stakeholders(Actors) / Domains Operator in the transport/production control center, Operator in the distribution control room, Energy Management, Network Operation Information Exchanges The operator in the distribution control room receives an order to release a determined value of load in a period. The system must build a list of feeders (or sub- feeders) that should be open in order to get the total of load shedding necessary. The operator (or automatic system) opens the breakers necessary according to the list, starting from the lowest priority to the highest. The system must build a list of priorities for the closing of the feeders The operator (or automatic system) restores the power to the feeder as soon as that action is possible according to the list of priorities (build in the previous step), from the highest to the lowest priority. Source (References) [b-IKB use cases] Geneva, 9 January 2012

22 Example (2) Use Case Deliverable MA 1
Charging management for appliances including electric vehicle at home Description Inside the user’s premise, PEV , PV system, home appliance, and household equipment participate in a home network and in load management that GW governs. PEV is considered both an electric load and an electric storage. PEV communicates to the home network. Stakeholders(A ctors)/ Domains Organization (company), Device, System, Stored information in computer memory or on media, Computer program(s) and displays / Operators, Customer(Home/Building/Commercial/Industrial) Information Exchanges GW detects PEV coming into the garage. GW authenticates and authorizes PEV. PEV sends to GW information on e.g. charge level, miles driven, driving pattern. GW, while monitoring power generation of PV and electricity consumption of home appliances/household equipment, receives the information. GW decides whether to charge PEV, inject PEV’s power to home, or do nothing. For charging of PEV, GW dictates PEV to change into the charge mode. PEV detects when it’s fully charged. PEV informs GW and stays stand-by. For injection of PEV’s power to home, GW dictates PEV to change into the discharge mode. GW monitors status of discharging and load balance at home. GW judges and dictates PEV to stop discharging. PEV stays stand-by. When PEV goes out of the garage, GW detects it. Source (References) Smart-I-0067 Geneva, 9 January 2012

23 Appendix I. Use Case for Zigbee Forum
Appendices (1) Use Case Deliverable Appendix I. Use Case for Zigbee Forum Appendix II. Stakeholders and Domains in the Use Cases 6 Stakeholders : Organization, device, person, system, stored information, Computer program/display 5 Domains : customer, market, service provider, operator, power company

24 Appendix III. Use Case for Building Management
Appendices (2) Use Case Deliverable Appendix III. Use Case for Building Management Appendix II. Summary of Smart Grid Use Cases (Table of Titles of 12 High-level and 82 detailed Use Cases)

25 Thank you!

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