Presentation on theme: "Present perfect Have you ever... ?. Past Perfect When do we use it? ◦Talking about the past ◦Thinking about the past + present together ◦Talking about."— Presentation transcript:
Past Perfect When do we use it? ◦Talking about the past ◦Thinking about the past + present together ◦Talking about things that happened until now (but maybe will change in the future) pastpresentfuture present perfect
Talking about the Past I have eaten hamsi. pastpresentfuture eat hamsi
Talking about the Past with the Present She has written me a letter, and now I am writing her one. finished actionpresent present perfect she wrote...... I am writing.
Talking about the Past with the Present I have made a cake. Do you want to eat some? finished actionpresent present perfect I made...... you want to eat.
Talking about things that happened until now (but maybe will change in the future) I have been to Mersin. pastnow summer 2010 spring 2011
Formula + = have/has + past participle ◦I have seen the Black Sea. -- = have/has + not + past participle ◦My mother has not seen the Black Sea. ? = Have/has + subject + past participle? ◦Have you seen the Black Sea?
Time expressions With time expressions: OkayNOT OKAY!! (finished time) AlreadyYesterday JustAt 3:00. YetLast week Since _________ (Tuesday, 1999, etc.) For _________ (2 days, 10 years, etc.)
Been vs. Gone Been = I went and came back. ◦I’ve been to Spain once. ◦He’s been to my house before. Gone = I am there now. ◦He’s gone to Spain for holiday. He will come back next week. ◦She just gone walking. She will be back soon.