Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Developing access to the Information society in

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Developing access to the Information society in"— Presentation transcript:

1 Developing access to the Information society in
IV World Congress of Computer Law Session: Policies for the information society Developing access to the Information society in Latin America: The case of Peru Edwin San Román President, OSIPTEL Governing Board Friday, 15 October 2004

2 ¿What is Regulatel? Regulatel is the Latin American Forum of Telecommunication Regulatory Authorities, set up for the purpose of fostering cooperation and the coordination of efforts to promote telecommunication development in Latin America. Regulatel comprises 19 regulatory bodies representing: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela.

3 Objectives Facilitate the exchange of information between member countries on the telecommunication regulatory framework and management, services and the market. Promote the harmonization of telecommunication regulation as a contribution to regional integration. Identify and safeguard regional interests by adopting common positions in international forums.

4 Organization chart President: José Rafael Vargas - INDOTEL, Dominican Republic Board of Administration: INDOTEL, Dominican Republic; ANATEL, Brazil; OSIPTEL, Peru; SITTEL Bolivia; CONATEL; Honduras; and ERSP, Panama. 2003 a 2004 Secretary-General: Gustavo Peña Each member freely establishes its own internal organization. The only requirement is at least an official contact for each regulatory body Regulatel is administered by the Association of Regulatel Regulators AD, reporting to the forum

5 Overview of the region Non-members (19) Members

6 Reform of the telecommunication sector in Latin America
Americas Europe Asia Pacific Africa Costa Rica Colombia Arab Region Ecuador Paraguay Private State Uruguay

7 Vision of the information society
Harmonize regulatory frameworks to promote the development of ICTs, connectivity and people’s access to the information society. Stimulate development of the information society. Private Sector Society Government Secure a stable regulatory framework in order to accelerate the development of ICTs. Develop training through the use of new technologies.

8 Information society in Latin America
Technology: Development of new applications and facilities for competition Content: Development of new market services Connectivity: improve quality and penetration Phases of the process Current situation in Latin America Technology: make standards and competitivity more uniform. Cone ctividad: Mejorar la calidad y penetración. Content: Development of new market services Connectivity: Improve quality and penetration Latin America is confronting these three challenges in an unstable political and economic climate

9 Study to determine the universal access gap in Latin America
Objectives of the PPIAF The results of the project will benefit the regulators of 19 member countries of Regulatel and will help them in their efforts to implement an effective and sustainable universal access programme. In addition, the result will contribute in the following areas: Helping to create incentives for innovation encouraging the private sector to improve accessibility of services in low-income areas; Promoting competition, reducing isolation, improving connectivity and expanding economic opportunities; Simplifying implementation processes for national projects by providing methodologies and specific task lists.

10 Expected outputs of PPIAF
Report on principles, global best practices and conceptual frameworks for universal access. Conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating universal access programmes and quantifying the universal access gap. Catalogue of universal access programmes. Report on the current status of the universal access gap in a sample of Latin American countries. Evaluation of universal access programmes in the region. Report on best practices and implementation guide.

11 Towards the information society:
The case of Peru

12 Geographical coverage by type of service
Fixed telephony Telefonía fija Mobile telephony Telefonía Móvil Telefonía Pública (TdP) Public telephony (TdP) Telefonía Pública (Fitel) Public telephony (Fitel) Broadband (ADSL exchanges) Source: Operators Produced by: OSIPTEL

13 Market efficiency deficit
Market gaps vs. real gap Commercially viable Real access deficit Market efficiency deficit Current access Poverty Requires support Geographic isolation

14 Access to ICTs by income
Market efficiency gap Traditional switched access S/243 month (6%) Real universal access gap: Over 50% of the Peruvian population Narrowband access S/220 month (6,2%) 3.6% Monthly income (soles) Flat-rate-tariff switched access S/168 month (9,4%) Traditional shared access S/68 month (18%) Shared broadband access S/32 month (44%) % of population Source: Apoyo (2003) Produced by: OSIPTEL

15 Internet by type of access
Mobile access ADSL + Cable-modem Dedicated lines Source: Operators Produced by: OSIPTEL

16 Access to Internet by public phones
Hourly rate Between S/ and S/. 1.50 Hourly rate S/. 5.00 Wireline dedicated lines Wireless dedicated lines New techologies Source: Operators Produced by: OSIPTEL

17 Costs of public phones falling
First year of operation (USD) Current costs Installation Equipment Connectivity (1 year)

18 Internet booth: Characteristics
Administrator: Owner, family or friend Tariff: S/ per hour (range: S/ S/. 2.5 per hour) Type of premises: 70% rented 30% owned No. of computers: 12 on average (mostly assembled) Additional service: IP telephony Type of connection: ADSL Lifetime: 1.2 years on average Types of problem: Strong competition, informality, security issues Trades association: 95% independent 5% in associations No. of users: 55 persons per day on average Source: OSIPTEL

19 Universal access to telecommunication services
Role of the Telecommunication Investment Fund

20 (For the three projects)
Projects awarded Projects awarded to Gilat- To-Home Projects awarded to Avantec - C&G Telecom Amount of subsidy requested from Fund USD (Net present value) USD (For the three projects) USD USD USD Project awarded to Gilat- To-Home Pilot project in North Frontier Projects awarded to TELEREP PPR – South PPR – Centre South PPR – Northern Forest PPR – North PPR – Centre West PPR = Rural Projects Programme PPR – Centre North Source and produced by: OSIPTEL

21 Quantitative results Amount (USD) 4.725.844 10.990.888 27.854.400
Pilot project in Northern Frontier Projects: South, Centre South and Northern Forest Projects: North, Centre North and Centre East Project: Expansion of PT in the country’s interior Total Amount (USD) USD per village 8,609 5,674 12,163 7,052 8,627 Villages with telephone installations 214 2,208 2,461 1,616 6,499 Internet booths - 260 255 515 Before: Distance to public telephone (km) 90 54 24 40.69 After: Distance to public telephone (km) 5 8 4 5.83 Source: OSIPTEL

22 Financial balance on Investment Fund projects
Amount of subsidy Disbursed (31 July 2004) Balance (31 July 2004) Project Pilot project in Northern Frontier USD USD USD Rural Projects Programme for Northern Forest, Centre South and South areas USD USD USD Rural projects programme for the North, Centre North and Centre East areas USD USD USD Project to expand public telephony USD USD USD USD USD USD Source and produced by: OSIPTEL

23 Benefits of rural telecommunications
Cost/benefit for society: 1.64 Consumer surplus: S/ per month Reduces the isolation of rural localities Promotes trade Diversifies the production structure in rural areas Improves market efficiency Reduces communication costs Reduces the costs of providing other public services Contributes to greater national security Entre los principales beneficios sociales que están asociados a la disposición de telecomunicaciones en los pueblos rurales se pueden identificar aquellos que tienen que ver con el menor aislamiento y la integración y, por otro lado, aquellos que permiten reducir y mejorar la calidad del gasto de los pobladores. Genera una mayor comunicación e integración de las zonas rurales a los mercados urbanos contribuyendo a que se genere un mayor comercio en desmedro del autoconsumo. Se genera la posibilidad de diversificar la estructura productiva de las zonas rurales hacia actividades más integradas a los mercados urbanos (artesanía, turismo, etc). 21

24 Innovative pilot projects
Information system for rural development in Cajamarca – ITDG Establishment of infocentres providing access to information of interest (agricultural sector, livestock, local management) using ICTs and the telephone service. Telemedicine in the High Amazon – EHAS Implementation of an information and communication system for medical staff in rural health establishments. Winner of the Stockholm Challenge Award in the health category. Agricultural information over the Internet for farmers in the Río Chancay-Huaral Valley Users Group Installation of 14 telecentres to provide information on agricultural and water resources to farmers in the area.

25 Other uses of ICTs Practical case examples

26 Cotahuasi - Arequipa A 12-hour drive from Arequipa at metres above sea level. One of the lowest UNDP human development indices. Connection to the world through the public telephone and organization of the community. Marketing: Agroecological products Processed organic products Winner of the Betinho Communications Prize 2003 Source: AEDES

27 Challhuahuacho library centre
Launched by the Callpas Association Scope: education and capacity-building Achievements: 120 schoolchildren use the library centre daily. 95% of regular schoolchildren at the library centre successfully completed the school year. Four neighbouring villages have requested a similar project for their communities. Major challenges and opportunities from Las Bambas mining project Winner of the IDB prize for innovative projects (2003)

28 Antabamba CICs (information and training centres)
Centre for Research (Information Technology) of the UNITEC University of New Zealand. The idea of the project is to increase the productive value of activities and markets through the implementation of telecentres. Achievements: Improving the price of alpaca wool from S/ previously paid by buyers to S/.7.5 for first-grade wool and S/ for fourth-grade wool. Enhance the negotiation strengths of potato producers through the information obtained on the Mi Chacra portal (children in Antabamba using computers)


Download ppt "Developing access to the Information society in"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google