2 What you will Learn Small history behind Monarchy Who’s who in the MonarchyThe beginnings of ParliamentThe different Houses of British Rule.The best and Worst of the monarchyWhat lead to search for Democracy to Monarchy
3 The Beginning of British Monarchy Ad Angles, Saxons and Jutes disperse with Romans and Roman traditions.England gets its name from the name Angle-landThis is the time period in which we get the legend of King Arthur.Pagans at first The Anglo-Saxons convert to Christianity.Pope Gregory I sends Saint Augustine to Kent to see King Ethelbert.
4 Dynasties of the British Monarchy Royal Dynasties since 802 ADAnglo Saxons (no Dynasties)House of NormandyHouse of AngevinHouse of PlantagenetHouse of LancasterHouse of YorkHouse of LancasterHouse of YorkHouse of TudorHouse of StuartInterregnum (between reigns)- No MonarchiesHouse of StuartHouse of HanoverHouse of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha1910-present House of Windsor
5 The First King of All the Land This was a time of turmoil and fighting between the Anglo-Saxons and the DanesEgbert of Wessex was the first king of all England in 827 Ad. However King Edgar was the first ruler of a fully united England.Danelaw was the partition of England that split it between Alfred the great and Guthorm of DenmarkPicture to the right of Egbert first king of all England
6 Westminster AbbeyEdward the Confessor in 1052 instigated the building of Westminster which was destroyed and rebuilt in the reign of Henry III. This location is the site for coronation since William the conqueror in 1066.
7 Norman InvasionNormans Defeat The Anglo Saxons in the Battle of HastingsThis becomes the reign of William the conqueror.Under William –vassals were people who took possession of land in return for allegiance and service to the Monarch this was known as the Feudal System.A fief was the territory controlled by a vassal.Feudal System
8 The AngevinsDuring this period the monarchy seemed to get a little out of hand issues with the church and the murder of an archbishop Thomas a. Beckett forced the curving of the Monarchs power.This was done with the introduction of the Magna Carter (or Great Charter) that was signed by King George on June 15, 1215Richard the Lionheart as a king spent only 7 months of his ten year reign in England. He used the finances from England to support his travels and wars during the first crusades.Henry IIRichard the lionheartedKing John
9 The PlantagenetsPeriod in which the first English Parliament was summoned by Simon de Montfort (1265 ad)Execution of people was rampant disemboweling and decapitation the favorite types.The spread of Bubonic plague resulted in the Black Death causing a loss of over a 3rd of England's popularity.100 years war between England and France.Peasants revolt due to poll tax in 1381Edward I-helped to spread the influence and power of the Model ParliamentEdward II- was deposed and executed by his wife and Roger MortimerEdward III- 100 yrs war with France which led to the War of the Roses. Feuding over the crown by two families Lancastrian and the Yorkist.
10 The TudorsHenry VII –First Tudor Monarch after the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 took the life of Richard III ending the reign of the Yorks.His marital movements helped link the English and Scottish ThronesRevived the Court of the star chamber to help curb the power of the barons and ensured equal treatment for rich and poor alike.Newfoundland discovered by John Cabot.Henry VIII- One of the most known Monarchs came to power He threatened execution for anyone who crossed him.He married 6 times the marriages ended up like this 2- divorces1 died giving birth, 2 –were beheaded and the last wife outlived him.Excommunicated by the pope for divorcing Catherine of Aragon and Marrying Anne Boleyn-Severed ties with Rome and established himself as the head of the Church of EnglandPeriod of English reformation thousands of Catholics and Protestants died during this time
11 Resources Complete idiots guide to British Royalty -Richard Buskin History of the MonarchsKings and Queens of England and Scotland-Somerset FryThe Lives of the kings and Queens of England-Antonia Fraser