2 Objectives: To explain different forms of colonial control. To explain the patterns of imperialist management.To describe British rule in Nigeria.To Summarize African resistance movements.To debate effects of colonialism.
3 Main Idea: European embarked on a new phase of empire-building that affected both Africa & the rest of world.Why it Matters Now: Many former colonies have political problems that are the result of colonial rule.
4 Colonial Control Takes Many Forms Forms of ImperialismCharacteristicsExamplesColonyA country or a region governed internally by a foreign powerSomaliland in East Africa was a French ColonyProtectorateA country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside powerBritain established a protectorate over Niger River deltaSphere of InfluenceAn area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privilegesLiberia was under the sphere of influence of the U.S.Economic ImperialismIndependent but less developed nations controlled by private business interest rather than by other governmentsThe Dole Fruit Company controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii
5 Management Methods Indirect Control Direct Control Local government officials were usedForeign officials brought in to ruleLimited self-ruleNo self-ruleGoal: to develop future leadersGoal: assimilationGovernment institutions are based on European styles but may have local rulesGovernment institutions are based only on European stylesExamples:British colonies such as Nigeria, India, BurmaU.S. colonies on the Pacific IslandsFrench colonies such as Somaliland, VietnamGerman colonies such as TanganyikaPortuguese colonies such as Angola
6 Case Study: Nigeria/Page 693 Form of ImperialismProtectorate/ Sphere of InfluenceCharacteristics of ImperialismLocal administrations/Chiefs/Royal Niger Company (palm-oil trade)Management MethodsIndirect Control ( Local gov./self-rule)Example of MethodsTraditional Gov. British style of government
7 African ResistanceAlgeria people fought against French 50 years unsuccessfulWest Africa Samori Toure’ led resistance against French for 16 years unsuccessfulGerman East Africa 26,000 Africans died trying to use magic (maji-maji) to fight German machines guns unsuccessfulEthiopia resister European successfully Emperor Menelik II/1896 used European weapons to defeat Italian army
8 Impact of Colonial Rule Good side:Reduce local conflictsEuropeans brought Africa deeper into world economyRR, dams & telephone/telegraphBad side:Africans lost control over much landAfrican traditions were destroyedPeople forced out of their homesMany made to work in bad conditionsBoundaries Europeans drew had no relation to ethnic divisions in Africa