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Canadas Aquatic Animal Health Program OIE Regional Commission for the Americas Ad hoc Aquatic Animal Health Working Group Panama City, January 17-18, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Canadas Aquatic Animal Health Program OIE Regional Commission for the Americas Ad hoc Aquatic Animal Health Working Group Panama City, January 17-18, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canadas Aquatic Animal Health Program OIE Regional Commission for the Americas Ad hoc Aquatic Animal Health Working Group Panama City, January 17-18, 2006

2 Aquatic Animal Health History Canadas Veterinary and Aquatic Animal Health Structures Canadas National Aquatic Animal Health Program Interaction with the Private Sector and Provinces Canadas Aquatic Animal Health Situation Presentation Outline

3 > 35 yrs fish health research parallel to Canadas salmonid aquaculture development > 60 yrs shellfish health research – Pacific and Atlantic ( 1977 Fish Health Protection Regulations (FHPR) Fishery (General) Regulations – Section 56 – Live aquatic animal transfers (some provinces only) Canadas Aquatic Animal Health History

4 Veterinary Service Structure Federal Role – Canadian Food Inspection Agency –Office of the Chief Veterinary Officer –Regulatory programs for food safety; terrestrial and aquatic animal health –Laboratory system for terrestrial animal health program Provinces –Offices of Provincial Veterinarians –Aquatic Animal Health Programs for regional diseases Private Veterinarians –Veterinary services to private industry

5 Canadas Veterinary Colleges Ontario Veterinary College University of Guelph Guelph, Ontario Atlantic Veterinary College University of Prince Edward Island Charlottetown, PEI Western College of Veterinary Medicine University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Universite de Montreal Succursale Centre-Ville Montreal, Quebec

6 Canadas Aquatic Animal Health Program A Federal Partnership Canadian Food Inspection Agency: Regulatory mandate – (inter alia) Lead for prevention of the introduction and spread of communicable diseases in Canada Expertise - Veterinary & epidemiological based regulatory management of animal and plant diseases. Fisheries & Oceans Canada: Regulatory mandate – Conservation of aquatic resources and aquaculture development Expertise – Research in aquatic animal disease identification, diagnostic techniques and introductions and transfer mitigative measures.

7 Aquatic Animal Health Structure Fisheries and Oceans Pêches et Océans Canada Aquatic Animal Health (AAH) Sciences Directorate - - Lead diagnostic & research regulatory support programs for NAAHP - FHPR management pending new HAA regs. - National Web Database - Coordination of SOPs; RA research - Advice to National I&T Code (health) Aquaculture Management Directorate - - Trade & Regulatory technical advice Aquaculture Management Directorate - Aquaculture Framework Agreement (AFA) - National Introductions & Transfers Code Animal Products Directorate - Animal Products Directorate - Program Leadership - Governance and Regulatory support - Import controls - Certification for trade - Disease control - contingency planning - Disease surveillance – Zoning - Risk analysis - International standards - Quality Assurance / Quality Control - Industry / province liaison

8 Federal – Provincial – Industry Responsibilities Nationally Reportable Diseases (Federal lead) Nationally Reportable Diseases (Federal lead) Responsible for reportable/exotic diseases posing significant threats to international or inter-provincial trade and/or aquatic resources; Notifiable List (subject to review) Regional Diseases (Provincial lead) Regional Diseases (Provincial lead) Responsible for endemic diseases posing significant risks for losses if not actively controlled Production Diseases (Aquaculture Industry Mgt. lead) Production Diseases (Aquaculture Industry Mgt. lead) Responsible for management and biosecurity of infections managed via husbandry, therapy, circumvention

9 Regional International surveillance quality management systems & intra-national controls health certification National

10 Canadas National Diagnostic Laboratory System – Components and Organization Pacific Biological Station Freshwater Institute Gulf Fisheries Center Charlottetown Aquatic Animal Pathogen Biocontainment Laboratory DFO Ottawa CFIA

11 Interaction with Private Sector and Provinces Development of program changes require extensive consultation with industry and provinces Aquatic Animal Health Committee (18) –Canadian Food Inspection Agency –Fisheries and Oceans Canada –Canadian Veterinary Medical Association –Canadian Aquaculture Industry Association –Fisheries Council of Canada –Aboriginal Aquaculture Association –Provincial Regulatory Officials Working Groups on policy and regulation development

12 Canadas Current Aquatic Animal Health Status Finfish EHNnegative IHNpositive – Pacific coast only SVCnegative VHSNorth American marine strains only CCVnegative VERNodavirus positive; strains under investigation IPNpositive (managed under FHPR) ISA positive (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia only) EUSnegative BKDpositive (managed under FHPR) ESCnegative Piscirickettsiosispositive Gyrodactylosisnegative RSBIVnegative WSIVnegative

13 Canadas Current Aquatic Animal Health Status Molluscs Bonamia ostreaepositive – Pacific coast only Bonamia exitiosanegative Mikrocytos roughleyinegative Haplosporidium nelsonipositive – Atlantic coast only Marteilia refringensnegative Marteilia sydneyinegative Mikrocytos mackinipositive – Pacific coast only Perkinsus marinusnegative Perkinsus olseninegative Haplosporidium costalepositive – Atlantic coast only Xenohaliotis californiensisnegative

14 Canadas Current Aquatic Animal Health Status Crustaceans Taura syndromenegative White Spot diseasenegative Yellowhead diseasenegative Tetrahedral baculovirus negative Spherical baculovirusnegative IHHNV negative Crayfish plaguepositive (wild endemic) Spawner isolated mortality negative

15 Conclusions Application of OIE Aquatic Animal Health Standards Definition / scope of susceptible species in endemic waters - e.g., MSX; Bonamia Differentiation of pathogenic vs. non-pathogenic strains - e.g., VHS; ISA Sensitivity / specificity of targeted surveillance protocols in non-endemic species and environments (validation) - e.g., WSV Pathogen inactivation standards (disinfection) - All

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