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Presentation on theme: "OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTATIONS"— Presentation transcript:

Dr Bernard Vallat Director General Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :

2 Contents Context of the conference OIE 5th Strategic Plan
OIE role in aquatic animal health Objectives and expectations Desired outcomes of the conference

3 Global demand for food security
Population growth: +1 billion people by 2050 Shift from poverty to middle-class Increase in the number of daily meals and the protein intake of individuals Some projections indicate that the demand for animal protein will increase by 50% especially in developing countries

4 Aquaculture and food security
Aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sector (annual 8.4% p.a. since 1970) Aquaculture provides high quality animal protein Animal health, food security and public health are linked To satisfy the global demand for protein-based foods, aquatic animal production must be intensified Aquaculture development brings new aquatic animal disease risks and threats to the environment Aquatic animal diseases represent a major limitation to efficient aquaculture production and a constraint on international trade;

5 Aquaculture: particular challenges
Countries need efficient aquatic animal health programmes to increase production of safe products in an environmentally sustainable way and to participate in international trade; Veterinarians and other health professionals play a key role in the establishment and implementation of aquatic animal health programs; but resources and qualified/skilled professionals are often lacking Aquatic Animal Health Services, whether part of the Veterinary Services or not, frequently lack financial resources and infrastructure, including legislation, to implement efficient aquatic animal health programs.

6 The ‘Global Public Good’ Concept
The benefits of control and eradication of infectious diseases, are international and inter­generational in scope. Countries depend on each other – the failure of one endangers all Animal health systems are not a strictly commercial or agricultural good. They are fully eligible for national and global public resources Supporting animal health systems: a national and global priority

7 Good Governance: for all countries
Competent Authorities need adequate infrastructure (including modern legislation) and resources to support effective implementation of animal health systems in the national territory, notably to address: Disease surveillance, early detection, transparency Rapid response to disease outbreaks Biosecurity measures Compensation Deregulation and lack of sustainable funding for veterinary services and aquatic animal health services can lead to biological disasters

8 5th OIE Strategic Plan (2011-2015)
Animal Health systems are a global public good Global public goods > benefit all countries, people and generations One World-One Health (OWOH) A global strategy for cooperation in managing risks at the animal-human interface Relation between animal health, animal production and the environment Need to gain a clearer understanding of the link between animals and the environment.

9 5th OIE Strategic Plan: Key concepts
Food Security and Food Safety Increasing demand for a global supply of safe food Food security, especially the supply of affordable high quality protein, is a key public health concern Animal health programs contribute to food security and food safety Veterinary Services and aquatic animal health services play a key role in meeting societal expectations. Standard Setting The OIE is the unique global organisation setting science-based standards and guidelines for animal health (including zoonoses), animal welfare and animal production food safety

10 5th Strategic Plan: Key concepts
Animal welfare: a strategic engagement Animal health is a key component of animal welfare OIE, with the mandate of its Members, is recognised globally as the leader in setting international animal welfare standards Veterinary education High quality veterinarians play an essential role in society Need for standardisation of the veterinary diploma, both initial and continuing education The OIE role in developing standards, including for aquatic animal health, progressed through OIE Global Conferences (Paris 2009 and Lyon 2011).

11 5th Strategic Plan: Key concepts
Good Governance of Veterinary Services and Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS) Members need appropriate infrastructure to support implementation of national animal health programmes throughout the territory Governments have the overall authority and responsibility Alliances between public and private sectors (veterinarians, farmers, consumers) OIE standards for efficient Veterinary and AAHS Services Using the OIE PVS Pathway Role of the Veterinary Statutory Body setting standards for the practice of veterinary medicine.

12 The OIE role in standard setting
The ‘3 sisters’ food safety CODEX plant health IPPC animal health and zoonoses OIE The WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) . WTO SPS Agreement recognises OIE as a reference organisation for international standards on animal health including zoonoses 12

13 Publication of international standards
Aquatic Animal Health Code amphibians, crustaceans, fish and molluscs Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals Official reference of the WTO SPS Agreement Adopted by consensus of OIE Members Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) : available on the OIE Website

14 International standards
Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission oversees production of the Aquatic Code and Aquatic Manual; 1st edition of the Aquatic Code and Manual produced in 1995; Recent developments include Code chapters on: welfare of farmed fish prudent use of antimicrobial agents in aquatic animals criteria for safety of aquatic animal commodities control of hazards in feed New listing of two diseases of amphibians 14

15 International standards: antimicrobial use
There is an urgent need to address the issues associated with antimicrobial use in aquatic animals Very few effective compounds have been developed and authorised for use in aquatic animals Use in aquatic animals involves the deliberate introduction of these chemicals into the food chain and the environment Uncontrolled use can lead to the emergence of resistant bacteria, which reduces the therapeutic value of antimicrobials…leading to Public perception of a “drug-based” industry and consumer aversion to aquaculture products. 15

16 International standards: antimicrobial use
The OIE recognises that this issue has important implications for human health, animal health and the environment We are developing standards and recommendations to Members through an ad hoc Group on Antimicrobial Resistance and Aquatic Animals The Chair of the ad hoc Group will make a presentation at this conference on the steps that need to be taken to manage these risks. 16

17 Consultation on standards development
Increasing numbers of Members engage in standard development by submitting comments on draft texts Experts are drawn from OIE reference centres and from all regions to participate in OIE ad hoc Groups, which report to Working Groups (Animal Welfare, Wildlife and Animal Production Food Safety) and/or Elected Commissions Creation of National Aquatic Animal Focal Points (AAFP), under the authority of the National Delegate, help to strengthen engagement and implementation of standards to date, 147 Members have nominated AAFP. 17

18 OIE global partnerships
The OIE has cooperative agreements with 51 global and regional organisations, most of which mainly focus on terrestrial animals, with some exceptions.

Chapter 1.1 Aquatic Code ‘Notification of Diseases and Epidemiological Information’ Article 1.1.2 Members shall make available to other Members, through the OIE, whatever information is necessary to minimise the spread of important animal diseases and to assist in achieving better worldwide control of these diseases


21 WAHIS: terrestrial and aquatic diseases (2009)

Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :

23 The OIE’s scientific excellence
Reference Laboratories May 2011 Store and distribute reference reagents Develop, perform and validate diagnostic tests Coordinate scientific and technical studies Organise laboratory proficiency testing 190 Reference laboratories 101 diseases or topics (34 aquatic diseases) 161 experts (team leaders)

24 The OIE’s scientific excellence
Collaborating Centres May 2011 Assist in the development of procedures to harmonise animal disease regulations/international standards Coordinate studies Provide technical training Organise and host scientific meetings for the OIE 37 Collaborating Centres in 21 countries 35 topics (2 aquatic animal issues) 37 experts (team leaders)

25 OIE support to Members Objectives of the OIE Twinning Program
Better global geographical coverage - focus on developing and transition countries Regional support for early diagnosis and reporting of listed diseases Improved access for more countries to scientific expertise and to participate in OIE standard setting process. HOWEVER: Only 1 / 30 current projects addresses aquatic animal disease

26 OIE support to Members OIE PVS Pathway:
Collaborating with governments, stakeholders and donors Veterinary Services Strategic Plan Modernisation of legislation Public/private Partnerships Evaluation PVS « diagnosis » PVS Gap Analysis « prescription» PVS Follow-Up Evaluation mission Country / Donors Investment / Projects Veterinary Education OIE is developing pilot PVS processes (Evaluation/Gap Analysis/Follow up) to include stronger collaboration with the PH sector There are several core competencies of the Veterinary Services (VS) for which close collaboration with public health (PH) partners in the country is necessary and/or beneficial to the efforts of the VS and their contribution to Veterinary Public Health In particular, a high degree of collaboration and cooperation is needed in some general areas to achieve the maximum benefits for animal and public health, e.g. Food safety Endemic zoonotic diseases Emerging infectious diseases (many are zoonotic) Basic Principles of the One Health PVS Activities Conducted at the request of the country Remains focused on the activities and competencies of the National Veterinary Services National Public Health participation in PVS Mission expected VS would identify the Public Health participants and their participation Process(es) are being piloted Laboratories

27 PVS Pathway: first (diagnostic) step
External independent evaluation (objectivity) Experts trained and certified by the OIE Based on facts & evidence, not impressions Not an audit Voluntary, at request of a country Report confidential unless country decides to release it To assess: Compliance with OIE standards Strengths / Weaknesses/ Gaps / areas for improvement Peer reviewed Recognised by international donors Provides strong arguments for investment by governments/donors

28 PVS Evaluation missions State of play – 06/06/2011
OIE Regions OIE Members PVS Requests Missions done Reports available Africa 52 50 44 35 Americas 29 22 20 16 Asia & Pacific 31 18 14 11 Europe 53 13 10 Middle East 12 5 Total 178 116 102 77 28

29 PVS Gap Analysis: prescriptive step
Analysis Budget - - Trade Trade Trade Animal Health Animal Animal Veterinary Public Health Veterinary Laboratories Veterinary Veterinary Management Management and Regulatory Services Health Health Laboratories Laboratories of Veterinary Services (8 cards) (5 cards) (4 cards) (2 cards) (21 cards) Cost Estimation Cards Trade1 Trade8 AH1 AH1 AH5 AH5 VPH1 VPH1 VPH4 VPH4 Lab1 Lab1 Lab2 Lab2 MVS1 MVS1 MVS21 MVS21

30 PVS Pathway and Aquatic Animal Health Services
OIE PVS Pathway is a proven tool to help Members strengthen Veterinary Services OIE has developed a modified Tool for use in the evaluation of Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS) The same principles apply There are some differences (e.g. the role played by veterinarians as opposed to aquatic animal health professionals The revised Tool is being further refined through pilot evaluations of AAHS I encourage all Delegates to consider requesting an evaluation.

31 OIE support to Members OIE asks Members to appoint national focal points in 7 specific areas, under the authority of the National Delegate. The role of focal points is primarily to support the national Delegate in meeting his/her OIE obligations The OIE provides regular seminars for FP in each region. Aquatic animal diseases Wildlife Animal disease notification Veterinary products Animal welfare Animal production food safety Communication

32 Veterinary Education Initial and continuing veterinary education is a key tool for global good governance The aquatic sector needs better access to appropriately trained and skilled veterinarians There is an urgent need to improve the education of both veterinarians and aquatic animal health professionals The OIE is developing a list of day 1 competencies, including aquatic animal health, for veterinary graduates; considered as minimum requirements –countries may adopt stricter standards The Veterinary Statutory Body is responsible for recognition and quality control procedures.

33 Legislation covering the Veterinary domain
A crucial element of the Veterinary Services’ infrastructure Not updated for many years in many OIE Members Inadequate in structure and content for the challenges facing VS in today’s world the OIE provides assistance to Members via the Global Veterinary Legislation Initiative, part of the OIE PVS Pathway for efficient Veterinary Services 33

34 Objectives and expectations
Our objective is to help to improve aquatic animal health worldwide and thereby, help alleviate poverty and hunger To assist national authorities for aquatic animal health and welfare to address important threats and challenges: Feeding the growing world population Globalisation Climate change and other environmental threats Societal expectations Explain how compliance with OIE standards and guidelines can help Member countries and regional organisations to meet these goals

35 Objectives and expectations
To raise awareness of the OIE support available to Members through the OIE PVS Pathway and associated initiatives, including: the OIE PVS Gap Analysis and PVS follow up Veterinary Legislation Strengthening Programme Twinning programmes OIE Veterinary Education Initiative

36 Objectives and expectations
To continue advocating on behalf of Veterinary Services and Aquatic Animal Health Services as a Global Public Good and to encourage governments and donors to make needed investments To provide compelling messages for VS/AAHS to help convince decision-makers of the need for investment; To raise awareness of the key importance of quality education for veterinarians and aquatic animal health professionals to improve aquatic animal health programs

37 Objectives and expectations
To raise awareness of the need for research in some key areas, such as nutrition, sustainably sources of feed and disease prevention for aquaculture species; To advocate for applied research to support sustainable aquaculture development while avoiding unwanted impacts on the environment.

38 Desired outcomes (1) Full engagement of all participants, including by taking key consensual messages back to national governments; Increased Member requests for PVS evaluations of Aquatic Animal Health Services; Closer collaboration between the Veterinary Services and other Authorities responsible for aquatic animal health;

39 Desired outcomes (2) Generally improved compliance with OIE standards and guidelines, notably for diagnosis and reporting of OIE-listed diseases; Members contribute more actively to the OIE standard setting process Respect for and commitment to implement SPS standards, including animal health certification under the responsibility of governmental authorities;

40 Desired outcomes (3) All Members nominate Focal Points for Aquatic Animals and support their participation in OIE regional capacity building activities Members with reference centres provide the needed resources for their activities and consider entering into twinning agreements with developing countries;

41 Desired outcomes (4) Endorsement of the OIE approach to global capacity building and twinning programmes for aquatic animal health programs, with increased support from OIE Partners and Donors for the PVS Pathway and other initiatives; Increased applications for recognition as OIE Reference Centres on aquatic animal issues and, for existing reference laboratories, continued support for the application of OIE standards by Members;

42 Desired outcomes (5) Renewed emphasis on the importance of initial and continuing education in aquatic animal health as a key component of efficient aquatic animal health programs Increased support from governments and donors for the conduct of applied research needed for efficient aquatic animal health programmes.

43 Desired outcomes (6) The OIE continue taking steps to make the PVS Pathway more accessible to governments that wish to strengthen Aquatic Animal Health Services, including through the conduct of pilot assessments at the request of countries The OIE continue to enter into cooperative agreements with regional and international organisations, with the goal of increasing awareness of the need for aquatic animal health programs, improve early diagnosis and reporting of aquatic animal diseases and foster cooperation between veterinary and other relevant authorities at the national, regional and international level The OIE continue working to build Members’ capacity through providing training seminars and other activities for National Focal Points for Aquatic Animals.

44 With grateful thanks to
This conference is co-funded by the European Union Financial support for participation also provided by:

45 …and to the Government of the Republic
of Panama for hosting the conference

46 Thank you for your attention
Organisation mondiale de la santé animale World Organisation for Animal Health Organización Mundial de Sanidad Animal 12 rue de Prony, Paris, France - –


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