2 The Era of Good Feelings Absence of major political differencesJames Monroe, Republican, toured the United States meeting and greeting peopleMonroe served 2 terms
3 Sectionalism Grows: Loyalty to ones region Northern beliefsOpposed slaveryBelieved that tariffs protected American industriesNeed National Bank to improve strength of AmericaNeed to use tax money to build roads, canals, bridges (Internal Improvement).Southern beliefsSlavery necessaryTariffs benefit northern factories but increase prices for southernersState bank would protect people’s needs
4 John C. Calhoun Planter from South Carolina War Hawk Strong supporter of state sovereignty (states’ rights)Tariffs only benefit the Northern manufacturing companies
5 Daniel Webster From Massachusetts Senator Supporter of Tariff of 1816 to protect Manufacturers“liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable”
6 Henry Clay: The Great Compromiser War HawkRepresentative from KentuckyTried to resolve conflicts between Northern and Southern sectionalism
7 Missouri Compromise Sectional tension increase in 1820 Main issue of contention was slaveryMissouri wanted to enter the union as a slave state (First territory to apply for statehood from Louisiana Purchase and would set a precedent.Upset balance of power in Senate
8 Missouri CompromiseHenry Clay proposes the Missouri Compromise which would:Ban slavery north of latitude lineExcept for Missouri which would be a slave stateMaine will enter as a free stateThis would keep the balance of power in the Senate balanced!
9 The American SystemThe American System included a protective tariff; a program of internal improvements to build roads and canalsIt would be funded by tariffsIt would provide for a national bank to lend many for the projectsManufactures in the North could benefit the South by buying more agricultural goods from the South
10 The American SystemThis protective tariff passed but the South did not see an increase of agriculture purchases from the NorthIn the end, Henry Clay’s system went into effect and some internal improvements were made but not on the large scale that Clay had hoped for.The national bank was created but it was still controversial.
11 McCulloch v. Maryland Federal government over state government is the issue! Maryland taxed the Second National Bank of United StatesThe bank refused to payUnder John Marshall, the courts ruled that Maryland had no right to tax the bank because it was federal propertyThis case set a precedent that the federal government received their authority directly from the people, not by way of the state government.
12 Gibbons v. OgdenThis case established that states could not enact legislation that would interfere with Congressional power.Strengthen the national government!States’ Rights advocates were outragedCreated more sectionalism. Why?
13 Foreign Affairs Agreements with Great Britain Rush-Bagot Treaty: Set limits on number of navel vessel on the Great LakesConvention of 1818: Set the boundary of the Louisiana Territory between the United States and Canada at 49 parallel ling. Also allowed settlers to settle in Oregon Country.
14 Relations With Spain Andrew Jackson invaded Spanish Florida He captured Negroes from Ft. NegroSpain protested and wanted Jackson court-martialed for over-steeping instructions to maintain peace along disputed Florida bordersJohn Quincy Adams, the 6th President disagreed and did nothing to stop the raids.
15 Adams-Onis TreatyTo avoid war, Spain offered Florida to the United States.It set the western border of the Louisiana PurchaseAmerica becomes a transcontinental power!An example of USA flexing its’ military muscle!What does transcontinental mean?
16 Latin American Republics Many countries in South America began revolting against Spanish control.By 1824, many colonies were librated from Spain but were very unstableFear of European involvement in newly librated colonies created fear for AmericansThe president issued a statement which is later called the Monroe Doctrine
17 Monroe Doctrine This doctrine stated: The USA will not interfere in newly librated coloniesEurope will not interfere in newly librated colonies. Hence stated “are henceforth not be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers”USA did not have the military power to enforce this Monroe Doctrine but it set forth an important element in American foreign policy and has remained so today.