The Fighting Begins George Washington fails to capture Fort Duquesne
Near Miss! A bullet went through Washington’s overcoat!
Let’s Make Friends Colonists worry about a war over land between Britain and France Ben Franklin to the rescue! The Albany Plan
This Means War! War is declared in 1756 General Edward Braddock leads the British
British Strengths More people Britain could use the colonies to recruit men World’s greatest navy Large army and strong generals William Pitt (we’ll get to him later)
French Strengths Familiar with the hard life of the frontier Had good relationships with Native Americans French soldiers were experts at “Frontier Fighting”
The French Play Defense Avoid big land battles Defend those forts at all cost Use your allies wisely
Things Go Wrong for the British General Braddock is killed Ft. Oswego, Ft. William Henry are lost Crown Point and Ft. Ticonderoga attacks fail
The British Make Changes William Pitt to the rescue WOW! The strategy works.
The Tide Turns General John Forbes captures Ft. Duquesne The French army sets the fort on fire and flees
Endgame Don’t let the French get reinforcements
Momentum Builds Sir William Johnson and Iroquois allies capture Ft. Niagara for the British
The Final Straw The last French stronghold, Quebec, falls to the British SURPRISE!
After the War Treaty of Paris signed in 1763 France gave up all land east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans France gave Spain New Orleans and the area of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River Great Britain got Florida from Spain in exchange for Cuba France kept a few small islands
Effects of the War Weakened loyalty to Britain Strained relations between Britain and the American colonists Colonists lose respect for British military power
What do you think? Why did this war start? Was it a fair fight? Which side did the Native Americans take? Were the terms of the treaty fair? What would America look like today if the French had won the war?