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10/6/20151 Overview of Drugs in Our Society. 10/6/20152 What Role Do Drugs Play in Our Society- what’s the impact?

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Presentation on theme: "10/6/20151 Overview of Drugs in Our Society. 10/6/20152 What Role Do Drugs Play in Our Society- what’s the impact?"— Presentation transcript:

1 10/6/20151 Overview of Drugs in Our Society

2 10/6/20152 What Role Do Drugs Play in Our Society- what’s the impact?

3 10/6/20153 Is there a ‘Drug Problem?’

4 10/6/20154 Prevalence of Problem 50% of emergency room admissions 1/3 of psychiatric admissions 25% of completed suicides addicted to alcohol Prevalent in psychiatric conditions in adolescents 56% of domestic violence cases 50% of homicides Illicit drug use is major cause of ischemic strokes Nearly ½ of all traffic fatalities

5 10/6/20155 Hinsdale South Assets Survey Sophomore Stats December 2009 Alcohol  One or more drinks in the last 30 days? 69% NO

6 10/6/20156 Alcohol  Drunk 1 or more times in the last 2 weeks?  79% NO

7 10/6/20157 Tobacco  Smoke cigarettes 1 or more times in the last 30 days?  87% NO

8 10/6/20158 Smokeless Tobacco  Used smokeless tobacco 1 or more times in the last 12 months  96% NO

9 10/6/20159 Marijuana  Used 1 or more times in the last 12 months?  79% NO

10 10/6/201510 Other illicit (illegal) drugs  Used 1 or more times in the last 12 months?  96% NO

11 10/6/201511 Driving and Alcohol  Drove after drinking 1 or more times in the last 12 months?  96% NO

12 10/6/201512 Driving and Alcohol  Rode 1 or more times with someone who was drinking in the last 12 months?  63% NO

13 10/6/201513 Why do people use drugs? Curiosity and Availability To Get High Self-medication Confidence Energy Pain Relief Anxiety Control Internal/External Peer Pressure Social Confidence Boredom Relief Deal w/ Isolation Competitive Edge

14 10/6/201514 The worst reason….. How are Depression and Drug Use Related?

15 10/6/201515 Why use? VS. Why continue to use?

16 10/6/201516 Dependence/Addiction- person continues to use drug despite negative consequences Psychological- person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or function properly Physiological- user has a chemical need for the drug

17 10/6/201517 Withdrawal When an addictive behavior is stopped or an addictive substance is withdrawn from use, withdrawal symptoms almost always follow. Depending on the behavior or substance:  sweating and fever  restless behavior and anxiety  abdominal and muscle cramps (even convulsions)  nausea and vomiting  diarrhea.

18 10/6/201518 Tolerance Tolerance can develop with regular use. This occurs when the person becomes used to taking drugs of abuse and the drug no longer provides the same effect as it did when first taken. Tolerance can occur with regular use of most drugs of abuse. Tolerance A person needs more of a drug to get the same initial effects.

19 10/6/201519 What is a Psychoactive Drug? : Any substance that directly alters the normal functioning of the CNS and brain activity The major classifications of drugs are uppers (stimulants), downers (depressants), pain killers (opiates) “all-arounders” (psychedelics or hallucinogens).

20 10/6/201520 Uppers or Stimulants Ex. Cocaine, amphetamines, diet pills, caffeine, tobacco, ecstasy Short-term effects: ^ energy, ^ HR & BP Withdrawal and Long-term effects: Jitteriness, anger, depletion of energy, paranoia, damage to heart, lungs, and BV’s, depression, suicidal thoughts, dependence

21 10/6/201521 Downers or Depressants Ex: Alcohol, barbiturates, GHB, rohypnol. Opiates can have depressant effects, too. Short-term effects: Depress circulatory, respiratory, & muscular systems. Stronger opiates initially cause euphoria Long-term effects: nervousness, depression, dependence, liver damage, malnutrition

22 10/6/201522 All-Arounders or Hallucinogens Ex: Marijuana, LSD, PCP, DXM, ecstasy, psilocybin mushrooms, and peyote. Short-term effects: Illusions, hallucinations, & confused sensations, ^heart rate & b.p., tremors, sweating, sleeplessness Long-term effects: bad trips, panic, confusion, anxiety, schizophrenia, loss of control, flashbacks

23 23 Opiates Also known as narcotics and pain killers Ex: Morphine, opium, oxycodone, codeine and heroin Abuse causes: drowsiness, constipation, slow breathing, convulsions, coma, death Infected needle sharing with the use of heroin can spread HIV and hepatitis B 23

24 10/6/201524 Adam Drewnowski at the University of Michigan researched whether chocolate triggers the production of opioids. Opioids are chemicals, such as those found in opium,that produce a feeling of well-being (euphoria). Drewnowski found that eating chocolate causes the brain to produce natural opiates, which dull pain and increase a feeling of well-being. This may be a reason why we like to eat chocolate! And dark chocolate contains more of these compounds than milk chocolate.

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