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Colonial Regions: Part II. Economics Show me the money!

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Presentation on theme: "Colonial Regions: Part II. Economics Show me the money!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Colonial Regions: Part II

2 Economics Show me the money!

3 New England Fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering (cutting trees down for the wood), small-scale subsistence farming (growing enough to live on, but not to sell) and later manufacturing. New Englanders tended to prosper (make money). Why? Belief in hard work Belief in thrift—don’t use a lot, don’t spend a lot

4 Middle Atlantic Economy Shipbuilding Small-scale farming TRADE! Why? Very serious farmers What cities are these? (Write them down!)

5 Economy of the Southern Colonies Eastern VA ( & southern lowlands) Cash Crops What are these? Grown on big farms called plantations Tobacco – Rice – Indigo (?) Mountains/Valleys/Foothills Small-scale farms Hunting/trading

6 Society in the Colonies

7 New England Social standing was based on position in the church. If you were important in the church, you had power outside of church. Old South Meeting House in Boston. What kind of building is this?

8 UH OH—dissent in New England Some New Englanders didn’t agree that religion and government should be connected. These DISSENTERS faced persecution. Rhode Island was founded by dissenters.

9 Society in the Mid-Atlantic Colonies DIVERSE! Many religious groups – Quakers in Pennsylvania Huguenots and Jews in New York Presbyterians in New Jersey Flexible social structure Mostly middle class Merchants, business owners Religious Toleration Philadelphia: City of Brotherly Love

10 Society in Southern Colonies Social standing was based on two things: Ownership of land Family status So, do you think it was easy or hard to move up in social status? Large landowners tended to have close ties to England and to the Church of England.

11 Slavery 1619 – First African slaves brought to Jamestown Needed to work on plantations The Middle Passage (trip from where to where?) Slave auction A disturbing (but accurate) portrayal of your state

12 What did the colonies have in common?

13 Ideas about Property Most people believed in private ownership of property. This means that the government lets people keep their money to spend it how they want.

14 Ideas about the Economy Most people believed in free enterprise economy. This means that the government would not make too may rules about how people made money or how businesses would work.

15 Great Awakening Religious movement in Europe and the colonies in the 1700s New religions: Baptists and Methodists New ideas about who has power: the people do. They can talk to God directly.

16 Important Question: If the people start to feel more powerful in religious life, how will they feel when they disagree with the King?

17 Settlement Caused Conflict Three groups of people interacted in North America. Who are they? American Indians: They were here first.

18 European Settlers: The Next to Arrive.

19 African Slaves: Brought to North America by European Settlers.

20 The Middle Passage of the Triangular Trade Route

21 Interactions between Europeans and American Indians Europeans took territory (land) from the American Indians. Important: Europeans thought people could own land. Native Americans though the land belonged to everyone. Europeans brought diseases with them that killed MANY American Indians.

22 Spain: Central and South America; violent conflicts with American Indians English: East Coast of US; violent conflict and loss of land French: Canada; less violence and more cooperation

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