Presentation on theme: "Diversity of family structures. Concepts Reconstituted family: A household from which one biological parent has departed and children live with the other."— Presentation transcript:
Concepts Reconstituted family: A household from which one biological parent has departed and children live with the other biological parent and his or her new partner. Matriarchal/ Matrifocal: Mother or female- headed.
Nuclear family http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hj-WJHUO6ag
Sexual Diversity http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJtAU9G1ANU&NR=1
Cultural Diversity Cultural diversity refers to differences in family lifestyles between ethnic and religious groups. It should be noted that much sociological literature and opinions on these family types are generalizations.
Pakistani and Bangladeshi families Ballard (1982) found extended family relationships most common among Southern Asians. Seniority lies with the eldest male (patriarchal). A report in 2000 found the highest rates of marriage were among Pakistani and Bangladeshi women (3/4 were married by 25). Few cohabiters. Divorce rates are low. Arranged marriages are still common (different from forced marriages). Little intermarriage between cultures and religions.
Indian families http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUjdsSfx7nY&feature=relmfu Ballard (1982) believes such families are patriarchal in structure. Arranged marriages are still common in such communities. Extended family groupings are common. Indian men (2 nd and 3 rd generation) often return to their parent’s country to marry.
Foeticide and Infanticide in India Pandey (2011) claims the census shows a serious decline of girls under 7 years. Women are under pressure to bear sons, and forced to have ultrasounds and selective sex abortions. Girls are often abused and neglected. In Kerala and Karnataka women enjoy high status and families are matrilineal.
Chinese families http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPbxlAzm7tw In January 2011, Amy Chua, a Chinese academic and Mother of two children claimed ‘Chinese parenting’ was superior to Western parenting. Statistically, in education, Chinese students to better than their British counterparts. Chinese Mothers teach their children academic success is paramount and ensure their children achieve their potential through strict regimes.
China’s One Child Policy 35.9% of China’s population is subject to the one child restriction. Implemented in 1978 because of the burgeoning population and strain on its resource base. Policed through fines and economic disincentives. There are huge ethical dilemmas and the nature of an authoritarian state dictating child rearing options contravenes human rights. Eugenics, forced abortions, infanticide are a part of this regime.
African Families http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NYU3pLWhtxw There are vast cultural differences in Africa. In traditional, rural areas, there are extended family structures. Families are patriarchal. Marriages are not just between 2 people, but 2 extended families, so they tend to be stable. Children are looked after by female kin and have a strong sense of social responsibility. Female Genital Mutilation is a huge problem among some religious and cultural groups in North- Eastern and North-Western Africa. Polygamous family structures.