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Family: The Basic Unit of Human Organization If defined functionally, the family is essentially universal. Its structural form and strength, however, vary.

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Presentation on theme: "Family: The Basic Unit of Human Organization If defined functionally, the family is essentially universal. Its structural form and strength, however, vary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Family: The Basic Unit of Human Organization If defined functionally, the family is essentially universal. Its structural form and strength, however, vary greatly across cultures and time.

2 Family What is a meant by a family? According to the Census Bureau, a group of two or more persons related by birth,marriage,or adoption and residing together.

3 Households What is meant by a Household? According to the Census Bureau,all persons who occupy a housing unit.

4 Family Functions Replacements for dying members of the society must be produced.

5 Family Functions Goods and services must be produced and distributed.

6 Family Functions Provision must be made for solving conflicts and maintaining order within the family and the larger society.

7 Family Functions Children must be socialized to become participating members of the society.

8 Family Functions Individual goals must be harmonized with the values of the society.

9 Family Functions Procedures must be established for supplying intimacy and emotional gratification and for maintaining a sense of purpose within the family.

10 Structures of American Families What is meant by structure? The parts that comprise a family and their relationships to one another

11 Structures of American Families What is a nuclear family? A married couple and their children living by themselves.

12 Structures of American Families What is blended family? A family in which one or both of the partners have been married before.

13 Family Groups with Children under 18: 2002 Two-ParentMother-ChildFather-Child All Races69234.5 White75164.7 Black39484.0 Hispanic64254.6 Asian69132.3

14 Types of Marriage KindCompositionFunctions MonogamyOne spouse and children Procreative, affectional, economic Serial monogamy One spouse at a time but different spouses over time Same Common-law One spouse; live together as husband and wife long enough that state recognizes couple as married without a legal ceremony. Same

15 Types of Marriage KindCompositionFunctions PolygamyMultiple spouses Procreative, affectional, economic Polygyny One husband, multiple wives Any functions fulfilled by families in the past, power vested in male

16 Types of Marriage KindCompositionFunctions Polyandry One wife, multiple husbands Any functions fulfilled by families in the past, power vested in female Group Two or more men married to two or more women at the same time Any functions fulfilled by families in the past, very rare

17 Types of Families KindCompositionFunctions Nuclear family, Husband, wife, children Procreative, affectional economic consumption Extended family One or more nuclear families plus other family. Might serve social, educational, economic, reproductive, affectional, and religious functions Composite family Two or more nuclear families sharing a common spouse Normally those of a nuclear family

18 Types of Families KindCompositionFunctions Tribal family Many families living in close proximity as a larger clan or tribe Usually those of the extended family Consensual family Man, woman, and children living in legally unrecognized relationship Any functions fulfilled by families in the past

19 Types of Families KindCompositionFunctions Commune Group of people living together with a common purpose with roles and responsibilities associated with the nuclear family All functions with leadership vested in an organized form to which all families are beholden. Single- parent family Usually a mother and child; father and child combination less common Same as monogamy without a legally recognized reproductive function

20 Types of Families KindCompositionFunctions Concubine Extra female sexual partner recognized as a member of the household but without full status Usually limited to sex and reproduction Reconstituted (blended) Husband and wife, at least one of whom has been previously married, plus one or more children from previous marriage or marriages Any

21 Family: A Buffer against Mental and Physical Illness The family becomes more important as social stability decreases and people feel more isolated. The healthy family can act as a buffer against mental and physical illnesses.

22 Family: A Buffer against Mental and Physical Illness Ideally, each family member helps other family members in solving their individual problems. Spouses can offer support to each other in stressful times Siblings can be there for you, cousins….

23 Family: A Buffer against Mental and Physical Illness The family has been called the shock absorber of society A place where bruised and battled individuals can return after doing battle with the world The one stable point in an ever changing environment

24 Intimacy The term intimacy covers all of the feelings we have talked about Intimacy is something we can all recognize –Holding hands –Cuddling on the couch –Being in someone’s personal space

25 Why do we avoid intimacy? Fear of rejection? Opening yourself up to get hurt? What if they don’t love you back? What about poor communication skills? Is it possible not to understand intimacy? What if people define it differently?

26 The Need for Intimacy Intimacy is experiencing the essence of one’s self in intense intellectual,physical, and/or emotional communion with another human being.

27 Intensity matrix Page 46

28 The Family as Interpreter of Society The family is the main avenue for the socialization of young children –The physical and psychological nurturing of children into adulthood

29 Social learning theory Without socialization children cannot internalize society’s rules, mores, taboos, and so forth –Modeling- observational learning Learning by observing other peoples behavior

30 Unique Characteristics of the American Family § Relative freedom in mate and vocational selection. § No arranged marriages § College or trade school…..

31 Unique Characteristics of the American Family § Relative freedom within the family § a high standard of living, physical mobility, lack of broader familial responsibilities § Freedom also leaves room for mistakes § Gangs? Crime?

32 Unique Characteristics of the American Family An extremely private character –We all have our own home –We don’t live in tribes –Usually it is just the nuclear family under one roof –Very private, how many of you know your neighbors?

33 Quick Quiz

34 1. What is a nuclear family? a) The parts that comprise a family and their relationships to one another. b) A married couple and their children living by themselves. c) A family in which one or both of the partners have been married before. d) The physical and psychological nurturing of children into adulthood.

35 Answer: b A nuclear family consists of a married couple and their children living by themselves.

36 2. Learning by observing other people’s behavior is called a) Socialization b) Intimacy c) Modeling d) Continuity

37 Answer: c Learning by observing other people’s behavior is called modeling.


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