Presentation on theme: "EE345 - Micro-Controllers An Overview Prof. Ahmad Abu-El-Haija"— Presentation transcript:
EE345 - Micro-Controllers An Overview Prof. Ahmad Abu-El-Haija firstname.lastname@example.org
October 6, 2015Digital System Design2 Acknowledgement This presentation is a modified version of lecture notes prepared by Dr. Pradondet Nilagupta, Kasetsart University. The latter is also a modified version based upon presentations by Prof. Maciej Ciesielski and Prof. Tilman Wolf, University of Massachusetts Amherst, and original slides from the publisher.
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers3 Course Outline Digital System and Binary Numbers Boolean Algebra and Logic Gates Gate-Level Minimization Combinational Logic Circuits & Design Synchronous Sequential Logic Design Registers and Counters Programmable Interface Controller (PIC)
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers4 Textbook & References Main Textbook M. Morris Mano, Michael D. Ciletti, Digital Design 4th Edition, Prentice Hall 2007 Reference Material John F. Wakerly, Digital Design: Principles and Practices 4th Edition, Prentice Hall 2006 Handout and manual of a Programmable Interface Controller
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers5 Course Assessment Quizzes10% Two exams50% Final Exam40%
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers6 Attendance Policy Students are expected to attend every class and all other scheduled activities related to the course. Students who miss a lecture, must make arrangements with colleagues to obtain any missed material and information. Maximum allowed absence is 10%. Any student who exceeds the 10% limit will be treated as per the prevailing regulations.
October 6, 2015EE345 - Micro-Controllers7 Digital Systems (1/2) Digital systems operate on discrete elements of information Numbers (e.g., pocket calculator) -> “digits” -> “digital” Letters (e.g., word processor) Pictures (e.g., digital cameras) Digital systems Cell phone Digital camera Industrial process controller, etc.
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers8 Digital Systems (2/2) Some systems use continuous information Analog clocks Film cameras For a digital systems to operate on a continuous data, it needs to quantize (digitize) that data first
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers9 Digital Thermostat Purpose: control room temperature Digital thermostat Senses temperature and converts it to a digital representation Simple processor compares current and set temperature If too cold, heater circuit is turned on OK, but how is the conversion done? How is digital information stored?
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers10 Digital Audio processing or storage of digital signal ( e.g., MP3)
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers11 Analog to Digital Recording Microphone converts acoustic waves to electrical energy. It’s a transducer. Analog signal: continuously varying electrical energy of the sound pressure wave. ADC (Analog to Digital Converter) converts analog to digital electrical signal. Digital signal: digital representation of signal in binary numbers. DAC (Digital to Analog Converter) converts digital signal in computer to analog for your headphones. ADC
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers12 Digital Quantization
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers13 The Digital Audio Stream A series of sample numbers, to be interpreted as instantaneous amplitudes one number for every tick of the sample clock from previous example: This is what appears in a sound file, along with a header that indicates the sampling rate, bit depth and other things Each number is then converted to binary and stored in a register 5 6 7 7 5 4 3 1 2 5 7 5 7 4 101 110 111 111 100 011 001 001 010 101 111 101 111 100 3-bit register Memory cell
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers14 Building blocks of Digital Hardware Multiple levels of “abstractions” Digital system Circuit board Chip Logic gate Transistor
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers15 Computer – What’s Inside?
October 6, 2015EE345 – Micro-Controllers16 Datapath