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Jacek Zaucha Maritime Institute in Gdańsk

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Presentation on theme: "Jacek Zaucha Maritime Institute in Gdańsk"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jacek Zaucha Maritime Institute in Gdańsk
Multi-level governance in maritime spatial planning throughout the Baltic Sea Region Jacek Zaucha Maritime Institute in Gdańsk Stepping into the sea , Brussels 15 May 2013

2 Why multilevel governance
What you can sea here? Borders between jurisdiction and interests Why multilevel governance

PartiSEApate Duration: Sept 12 - Sept 14 / Budget: 916, € 10 Partners: GOVERNANCE MODEL E COMPENDIUM ON MSP HANDBOOK ON TRANSNATIONAL MULTILEVEL CONSULTATIONS Maritime Institute Gdansk (MIG) Maritime Office in Gdynia Maritime Office Szczecin VASAB Secretariat Baltic Environmental Forum Latvia Latvian Institute for Aquatic Ecology Klaipeda University - Coastal Research and Planning Institute (CORPI) Region Skane Swedish Agency for Marine & Water Management (SwAM) Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) Institute of Marine Research (Bergen) directive HELCOM-VASAB Working Group on MSP as project ADVISORY Group My perspective

4 Multilevel governance
Multi-level governance is a system of continuous negotiation among nested governments at several territorial tiers (G. Marks 1993) Multilevel governance means coordinated action by the EU, the Member States and local and regional authorities, based on partnership and aimed at drawing up and implementing EU policies. It leads to responsibility being shared between the different tiers of government concerned and is underpinned by all sources of democratic legitimacy and the representative nature of the different players involved. (The Committee of the Regions) But… Multilevel governance is more than involving different tiers of governments. All types of actors should participate Multilevel governance

5 Multilevel and transnational governance
EU Baltic actors: e.g. VASAB, HELCOM National government and actors e.g. labour unions NGOs Regional governments and /or actors e.g. regional NGOs Local governments and actors e.g. local NGOs, schools, parishes Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Sweden Russia x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Multilevel and transnational governance

6 Place-based model as frme for looking for conditions of reliable multilevel governance
Place Based approach

7 Multilevel governance
Conditions of reliable multilevel governance Joint vision BaltSeaPlan Joint knowledge BaltSeaPlan Wise and capable stakeholders BaltSeaPlan, PartiSeapate Mutual understanding BaltSeaPlan Forum for place-based dialogue (governance model) PartiSEApate BaltSeaPlan, Plancoast and BaltCoast Legal acts can help bur are not a condition sine qua non for multilevel governance neither condition for starting MSP (see examples of Norway and Latvia) Multilevel governance

8 Good practice on stakeholders

9 Good practice on stakeholders
Lessons Learned from BaltSeaPlan Stakeholders bring relevant knowledge and information and are instrumental in genuine consensus seeking which is the core of MSP The stakeholders’ participation from an early stage ensures broader ownership of the plan and improves their willingness to comply with jointly elaborated provisions. This allows also stakeholders to learn the real reasons and meaning of MSP (the aims, steps, of the process . Stakeholders’ participation needs wise management. There is a need for different channels of involving different stakeholders to the planning process. Extremely important is proper identification of stakeholders. Stakeholders process should not be of a decorative nature. Stakeholder process should follow a logical sequence showing to stakeholders the importance of their inputs and the progress achieved. Innovative methods for stimulating discussion can improve the outcome of the planning process. Place of location of meeting with stakeholders matters. Stakeholder process needs a driving force behind and careful preparations. Good practice on stakeholders

10 Transnational governance
Conditions of reliable transnational governance Joint vision BaltSeaPlan Minimum requirements for transnational MSP Bothnia Plan Good practices Bothnia Plan Governance model PartiSEApate Instruments of transnational dialogue PartiSEApate Trust PartiSEApate Transnational governance

11 Seminars with Stakeholders
The first workshop on Marine Aquaculture took place in Gdańsk on 15th-16th of April Results avilable: Transnational dialogue

12 MSP as a part of multrilevel transnational
Passive MSP: all key taken outside the MSP planning domain. Active MSP: the process is used for revealing and aggregation of preferences of different stakeholders with regard to the sea space High level of trust: Baltic nations can easily agree on the most beneficial, from BSR point of view, locations of different sea activities & the benefits out of them are shared in a fair way. MSP as a part of multrilevel transnational

13 Conclusions Summary of findings:
In MSP transnational and multilevel governance go hand in hand Key precondition of proper multilevel and transnational governance are following: Trust Mutual understanding Integrative holistic approach to policy making Active and capable stakeholders governments Dialogue based culture of policy making The rest (tools, visions etc) will come anyway…….. Conclusions

14 Thank you for attention! www.
Yoy are welcone to the Baltic Sea Region

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