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Why Entrepreneurship: Economic Development & Entrepreneurship

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Presentation on theme: "Why Entrepreneurship: Economic Development & Entrepreneurship"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Entrepreneurship: Economic Development & Entrepreneurship

2 Road Map Entrepreneurship and the economy What is Entrepreneurship
The Entrepreneurial Process

3 The Main Idea Entrepreneurship is the primary catalyst for economic growth. Being a successful entrepreneur requires an understanding of how the economy works.

4 Entrepreneurship and the Economy content vocabulary
Entrepreneur, entrepreneurial &entrepreneurship venture economics free enterprise system profit oligopoly goods services need want factors of production scarcity market structure monopoly demand elastic demand inelastic demand diminishing marginal utility supply equilibrium Gross Domestic Product business cycle

5 Small Business and Entrepreneurship
As an entrepreneur, you accept the risks and responsibilities of business ownership entrepreneur an individual who undertakes the creation, organization, and ownership of a business

6 Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Creating and running a business venture requires a variety of skills. venture a new business undertaking that involves risk

7 Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Starting a home-based business calls for entrepreneurship on the part of the owner. About one in three households is involved in an entrepreneurial enterprise entrepreneurial the process of recognizing an opportunity, testing it in the market, and gathering the resources necessary to go into business

8 Differentiating Small Business and Entrepreneurship
The difference between small businesses and entrepreneurial ventures is that owners start small businesses to create jobs for themselves; while founders of entrepreneurial ventures have a desire to innovate, grow, and create new value.

9 Entrepreneurship Today
Knowledge of economics contributes to an understanding of how entrepreneurs and customers interact. economics the study of how people allocate scarce resources to fulfill their unlimited wants

10 Economic Systems An economic system includes a set of laws, institutions, and activities that guide economic decision making.

11 What goods and services should be produced?
Economic Systems What goods and services should be produced? All economic systems attempt to answer four basic questions.

12 The Free Enterprise System
Most democratic nations have a free enterprise system free enterprise system an economic system in which people have important rights: to make economic choices of what products to buy, to own private property, and to choose to start a business and complete with other businesses

13 The Free Enterprise System
Making a profit is a primary incentive of free enterprise profit money that is left over after all expenses of running a business have been deducted from the income

14 The Free Enterprise System
Perfect competition is a market structure in which there are numerous buyers and sellers and no single buyer or seller can affect price. market structure the nature and degree of competition among businesses operating in the same industry; market structure affects market price

15 The Free Enterprise System
The government may grant a temporary monopoly to an inventor. monopoly a market structure in which a particular commodity has only one seller

16 The Free Enterprise System
Under antitrust laws, some forms of oligopoly are illegal. oligopoly a market structure in which there are just a few competing firms

17 Basic Concepts Basic concepts of economics

18 Goods and Services Goods and services are the products of our economic system services intangible (nonphysical) products that satisfy consumers’ wants and needs

19 Goods and Services Entrepreneurs respond to consumers’ wants and needs with goods and services need a basic requirement for survival

20 Factors of Production There are four basic factors of production land
labor entrepreneurship capital factors of production the resources businesses use to produce the goods and services that people want

21 Scarcity The principle of scarcity means giving up one thing in order to have something else. scarcity the difference between demand and supply; limited resources

22 Supply and Demand Theory
In a free enterprise system, the price of a product is determined by demand. demand the quantity of goods or services that consumers are willing and able to buy at various prices

23 Supply and Demand Theory
The degree to which demand for a product is affected by its price is either governed by elastic demand or inelastic demand inelastic demand situations in which a change in price has little or no effect on the demand for products

24 Supply and Demand Theory
Due to the law of diminishing marginal utility, even when a product’s price is low, people will not keep buying it indefinitely. diminishing marginal utility the effect or law that establishes that price alone does not determine demand, and that other factors, such as income, taste, and the amount of product already owned, play a role as well

25 Supply and Demand Theory
Supply is continually shifting in the marketplace supply the amount of goods or services that producers are willing to provide

26 Supply and Demand Theory
If something is in heavy demand, but in short supply, prices will go up.  If something is in heavy supply, but in short demand, prices will go down.

27 Supply and Demand Theory
Because supply and demand are continually shifting in the marketplace, the change creates surpluses, shortages, and equilibrium. equilibrium the point at which consumers buy all of a product that is supplied; at this point, there is neither a surplus nor a shortage

28 Economic Indicators and Business Cycles
There are four stages of the business cycle: growth, recession, depression, and recovery. business cycle the general pattern of expansion and contraction that the economy goes through

29 The Entrepreneur entreprende, which means – ‘to undertake’
Webster dictionary – one who organizes, manages and assumes the risks of a business or enterprise Richard Cantillion – an entrepreneur is someone who takes the risk of running an enterprise by paying a certain price for securing and using resources to make a product and reselling the product for an uncertain price.

30 Joseph Schumpeter - an innovator playing the role of a dynamic businessman adding material growth to economic development Timmons - Entrepreneurship is the process of creating or seizing an opportunity and pursuing it regardless of the resources currently controlled

31 What is Entrepreneurship?
Common Themes in Definitions of Entrepreneurship The role of the entrepreneur Innovation Organization creation Creating value Profit or Not-for-Profit Growth Uniqueness Process

32 So can Entrepreneurship be taught ?
Most entrepreneurs and investors seem to think the answer is "no" Most academicians and students think the answer is "yes." Business can be Taught Risk-Taking Cannot be Taught Born entrepreneurs can be taught how to become better businesspeople.  But businesspeople cannot be taught how to become entrepreneurs.

33 Can Entrepreneurship be taught ?
If you ask, most entrepreneurs will tell you that the reason they started out was because the urge to start became so strong that they just had to give up what they were doing and dive into it. Hardly anybody will say that they started a company because they attended a course in entrepreneurship.

34 Entrepreneurial Attitudes
Comfortable with lifestyle changes Willingness to break / bend / stretch laws Patience to start small Prepared to make enemies Comfort with confrontations Dealing with failure Willingness to learn

35 What Entrepreneurs Contribute

36 Why is it Important ? Entrepreneurship contributes to job creation and growth Entrepreneurship is crucial to competitiveness Entrepreneurship unlocks personal potential Entrepreneurship promotes societal interests Entrepreneurship contributes in fostering social and economic cohesion for regions whose development is lagging behind

37 And Why are you the Best suited for Entrepreneurship ?
Young Independent Energetic Dynamic Adaptive Creative Technically Sound Passionate to Achieve

38 Start-Ups Any new venture initiated by an Entrepreneur is called a Start-Up. There are different kinds of Start-Ups Lifestyle Firm – A small venture that supports the owner & usually doesn’t grow. Foundation Company – Formed from Research & Development that usually doesn’t go public. Gazelles – Very high growth ventures High-Potential Ven ture – That has high growth potential & hence receives great investor interest.

39 Entrepreneurship v/s Intrapreneurship
Intrapreneurship – Entrepreneurship within an existing organization. Independence & ability to advance in the corporate rewards. Depending on urgency to meet self- imposed & corporate timetable. Direct involvement more than delegation. Moderate risk taker Attempts to hide risky projects from view until ready. Independence, opportunity to create & money. Survival & achieving yr growth of business. Direct Involvement Moderate risk taker Deals with mistakes & failures Primary Motives Time Orientation Activity Risk Failures & Mistakes

40 Entrepreneurship v/s Intrapreneurship
Follows dream with decisions. Self & Customers Entrepreneuria l small- business, professional, or farm background. Transactions & deal making as basic relationship Able to get others to agree to help achieve dream. Self, Customers & Sponsors Entrepreneurial small- business, professional or farm-background. Transactions within hierarchy. Decisions Who Serves Family History Relationship with others

41 Intrapreneurial Environment
Organization operates on frontiers of technology New ideas encouraged Trail and error encouraged Failures allowed No opportunity parameters Resources available and accessible Multidiscipline team work Long time horizon Volunteer Program Appropriate reward system Sponsors and champions available Support of top management

42 Establishing Intrapreneurship in the Organization
An organization desiring to establish an intrapreneurial environment must implement the following steps : Secure a commitment to intrapreneurship in the organization by top, upper & middle mgmt levels Identify the areas in which top mgmt is interested in along with the amount of risk money available to develop them further Deploy Technology to make it flexible Train the employees. Develop ways to get closer to its customers

43 Establishing Intrapreneurship in the Organization
6) Learn to be more productive with fewer resources (e.g Downsizing etc.) 7) Establish a strong support structure for Intrapreneurship. 8) Reward the employees for their performance 9) Implement an evaluation system that allows successful intrapreneurial units to expand and unsuccessful ones to be eliminiated.

44 Entrepreneurial Background
Childhood Family Environment Education Personal Values Age Work History

45 Indian Attitude towards Entrepreneurship
A great Entrepreneurial Optimism is seen in India now than previously. A largest chunk of the India’s population is in the age group, and that’s a time when people are the least afraid to take risks. On the other hand, India’s greatest liability is the corruption in its system, which is a big dampener to entrepreneurship.

46 Global- Indian Entrepreneurship
The social meaning of risk taking varies from country to country. When you start an enterprise, does your culture allow you to borrow money from friends and relatives? Or even from banks? Some countries encourage entrepreneurship and others don’t . One measure of a society’s entrepreneurship levels is its attitude towards failure. In China and Japan, there’s a big stigma attached to business failure, making it quite impossible for a failed entrepreneur to recoup and try again. In some societies, business failure marks you for life.

47 Global- Indian Entrepreneurship
On the other hand, in countries like the USA, UK or Israel, it doesn’t necessarily do you any damage, unless you failed because of some unethical conduct. American business history offers up many instances of tycoons who went bankrupt several times before they built their fortunes. And the American corporate world usually sees entrepreneurial experience as an asset and those who have it are a valued commodity. If successful entrepreneurs know what to do  The failed ones know what not to do…….Which is equally important.

48 Global- Indian Entrepreneurship
Financial institutions & their policies have a big impact on a country’s entrepreneurship levels. “The financial institutions of France and Germany generally don’t encourage risk taking” Britain and Holland are the entrepreneurial champs on the other hand.

49 Indian Scenario: Entrepreneurship
Access to information has been the biggest factor contributing to the global mindset in Indian Entrepreneurs. The other factor is the global flow of capital, which enables people to go wherever the money is. Govt. policies and Organizations like NEN (National Entrepreneurial Network) who are actively promoting Entrepreneurship.

50 To be a Global Entrepreneur…..
Launching yourself as a global entrepreneur means competing with the best in the world. First, a global entrepreneur needs to build and manage a global supply chain, from raw materials to the final customer. Second, global entrepreneurs may have small bodies but they need to have long hands. They need a world-wide partnership network, to be managed adroitly despite the problem of time-zone differences.

51 To be a Global Entrepreneur…..
Third, they need to build and manage global organizations, wherein key executives may be stationed far from headquarters. Lastly, global players need to have an understanding of geopolitics. E.g: How does a news from Ethiopia affect the business

52 The Myths About Entrepreneurship

53 Get Rich Quick! Myth #1 Truth is
Life as an entrepreneur is not about money. Success rarely happens overnight. It's about what you want to do with your life.

54 Myth # 2 Truth is: You must be born an entrepreneur (trait theory)
some of the most successful entrepreneurs are the most unlikely. It is a lifestyle choice, not an accident. Entrepreneurship can be Learnt Leaders are not born but are m Leaders like mahatma gandhi or infy chairman narayanmurthy were not born leaders. The thing they had in plenty was a sense of purpose and zeal to work towards it. But again noone is born with a purpose

55 Myth # 3 Entrepreneurs are high risk takers
Truth – Entrepreneurs are calculators Studies show entrepreneurs are only moderate risk takers

56 Myth # 4 You have to have a great idea Truth Your idea must be good
Your idea must be doable Your idea must be wanted or needed Your idea must be priced right So you have to have a Great Opportunity by being at a right place, at a right time having right product or service.

57 Myths and Misconceptions About Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurs are Doers, Not Thinkers Entrepreneurs are Born, Not Made Entrepreneurs are always Inventors Entrepreneurs are Academic and Social Misfit Entrepreneurs Must Fit the Profile All Entrepreneurs Need Is Money All Entrepreneurs Need is a Luck Ignorance is a Bliss for Entrepreneurs Successful entrepreneurship needs only a great idea Entrepreneurship is easy Entrepreneurship is a risky gamble Entrepreneurship is found only in small businesses Entrepreneurial ventures and small businesses are the same thing

58 Thank You ? Please

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