Presentation on theme: "Production, Marketing and Administrative costs Manufacturing companies convert materials into finished goods. There are two type of costs involved here:"— Presentation transcript:
Production, Marketing and Administrative costs Manufacturing companies convert materials into finished goods. There are two type of costs involved here: Prime costs: direct material and direct labor costs Conversion costs: direct labor and overhead costs
Production, Marketing and Administrative Cost Production costs: include direct materials, direct labor and factory overhead. Direct materials are any raw materials that become an identifiable part of the finished good. eg. fabric in clothes, flour in cookies etc
Direct labor are the wages earned by workers who transform the material from its raw form to the finished good form. Factory overhead are any production costs other than direct material or direct labor. E.g. indirect material and labor, depreciation on manufacturing facilities, light and heat.
statement of cost of goods sold Where are production costs portrayed? They appear in the statement of cost of goods sold. This statement has the following format Company Name Cost of Goods Sold Statement Date Direct materials Inventory1.1
+Purchases - Purchase discount -Purchase returns =Total material available for use - Material 31.12 Materials used = + Direct labor cost =Direct cost of manufacturing + Overhead cost Add work in process 1.1 Less work in process 31.12 Cost of completed goods= Add finished goods inventory 1.1 Goods available for sale= Less finished goods inventory 31.12 =Cost of goods sold
Marketing costs: result from selling, delivering and costs for promoting sales retaining costumers as well as transportation, warehousing and other distribution costs. Administrative costs: result from directing and controlling the company. They include rental fees, telephone costs and salaries.
Where are marketing and administrative costs portrayed? Company name Income statement Date Revenue Less CGS Gross income
Less Marketing costs Administrative costs Profit before tax Less tax Net income
Bottom line Production costs are treated as product costs and they are included in the work in process or finished goods inventory. Marketing and administrative costs are treated as period costs and they are charged to revenues.
Jerry Manufacturing Company purchased $ 310000 of materials and had the following account balances for the year 2006 Account Balance Direct labor 90000 Plant supervision 5000 Indirect labor 3000 Buildings 52000
Equipments 22000 Land 45000 Factory insurance 900 Manufacturing supplies 1500 Repairs and maintenance 1500 Advertising expenses 3000
Traveling cost administrative staff 4000 Circulation pieces distributed 2500 Materials inventory 1.1.2006 22000 Work in process 1.1.2006 11000 Finished goods inventory 1.1 2006 14000
Materials inventory 31.12.2006 16000 Work in process 31.12.2006 9000 Finished goods inventory 31.12. 06 15000 Purchase returns 1500 Purchase discount 2500
A) 1.Calculate the materials used during the year. 2. Develop an analysis to find the total manufacturing cost for the year. 3. Calculate the cost of manufactured goods. 4. Calculate the cost of goods sold
Solution Materials inventory 1.1.2006 22000 +Purchase 310000 Purchase discount 2500 -Purchase returns 1500 Materials available for use 328000 Materials inventory 31.12 16000 -Materials used 312000
2. Manufacturing cost for the Year Direct Material 312000 Direct Labor 90000 Total direct cost of manufacturing 402000 Add overhead costs Plant supervision 5000 Indirect labor 3000
Factory insurance 900 Manufacturing supplies 1500 Repairs and maintenance 1500 Utilities 2500 Depreciation on factory buildings 4500 Depreciation on factory equipment 4000 Total cost for year 424900
Cost of manufactured goods Work in process 1.1 11000 + manufact cost for the period 424900 - Work in process 31.12 9000 Cost of completed goods 426900
Cost of goods sold Finished goods inventory 1.1 14000 +cost of completed goods 426900 - Finished goods 31.12 15000 Cost of goods sold 425900