3 Terrorism Terrorism Defined: Domestic Terrorism Unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population…Domestic TerrorismUnlawful use, or threatened use of force by a group or individual, based in US without foreign direction.
4 Terrorism International Terrorism Violent act or acts that are a danger to human life that are a violation of the criminal law of the US or any state or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the US or any state.With an influence from outside the United States.
5 Who are the Terrorists? Vary widely around the world Have a deep seated belief in their causeSome terrorists acts are committed by loners (“Lone Wolf”).UnabomberDomestic terrorism
6 Forms of Terrorism Criminal Ideological Use of terror for profit or psychological gain.IdeologicalNormally an effort to change the current political powers. (Typically, it is hate.)
7 Forms of Terrorism Nationalistic Characterized by activity that support the interest of an ethnic or nationalistic group.
8 Forms of Terrorism State Sponsored Revolutionary Terrorism Occurs when government regimes use or threaten to use violence in international relations outside established diplomatic protocol.Revolutionary TerrorismInvolves people whose “guerrilla” like tactics involve fear in those holding political power and their supporters.
9 Changes in Terrorism Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons Nuclear weaponsNerve gasNuclear devicesInfoterrorismTransmission of informationAnalysis of informationCyberwarfare
10 International Terrorism Responding to September 11, 2001Many states passed antiterrorist lawsSecurity in US Airports has become federalizedEstablishment of TSACreation of Department of Homeland Security
11 Middle Eastern Terrorists Al Qaeda InternationalExpansive resourcesTargeted the USAl Qaeda's Expansion2002 Shoe Bomber2007 Fort Dix Six caseTerrorist Sleeper Cells
12 State Organized CrimeActs committed by state or government officials in the pursuit of their job as representatives of the government.Any US government operation shielded from the public and hidden from congressional oversight will inevitably rely on criminal activity for support and funding.
13 State Organized CrimeIntelligence agencies in the US have received and sought assistance from drug traffickers. (They are the “local” people.)
14 Domestic Terrorism The Bombing in Oklahoma City April 19, 1995Death of 168 peopleTimothy McVeighOther Incidents in the Late 20th CenturyFebruary 26, 1993Bombing of the World Trade Center with a car bomb.
15 Single Issue Terrorist Activity Form of terrorism committed by small groups or individuals who attempt to exert pressure on authorities in an effort to grant privilege to a larger group with whom the terrorists identify.Cannot achieve (their) change in a political process.
16 Media's Role in Terrorism Terrorism requires some form of publicity to be effective = “audience”.Terrorists use the media to achieve their goals.Acts of terrorism are usually newsworthy. (“If it bleeds, it leads!”)
17 Controlling Terrorism MilitaryDelta, SEALSCivilian IntelligenceCIA, NSACivilian Law EnforcementFBI