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Earth Science Topic #8 Review Game

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Presentation on theme: "Earth Science Topic #8 Review Game"— Presentation transcript:

1 Earth Science Topic #8 Review Game
1 7 13 19 25 2 8 14 20 26 3 9 15 21 27 4 10 16 22 28 5 11 17 23 29 6 12 18 24 30

2 When the soil is saturated in a gently sloping area, any additional rainfall in the area will most likely a. become ground water b. become surface runoff c. cause a moisture deficit d. cause a higher potential evapotranspiration 150 pts!

3 Which property of loose earth materials most likely increases as particle size decreases?
a. capillarity b. infiltration c. permeability d. porosity 350 pts!

4 Base your answer to the question on the two maps of Australia
Base your answer to the question on the two maps of Australia. Map I shows Australia's major landscape regions. Letters A through H represent locations in Australia. Map II shows Australia's general climate regions. Which location's climate is most affected by the East Australia Current? a. E b. F c. G d. H 250 pts!

5 The planetary wind and moisture belts indicate that large amounts of rainfall occur at Earth's Equator because air is a. converging and rising b. converging and sinking c. diverging and rising d. diverging and sinking 200 pts!

6 Base your answer on the diagrams below, which show two soil cross sections from adjacent fields in Nebraska. Both soils are the same except that human activities have removed the vegetation from the surface of field B. Each field has been receiving rain for several hours. The soils in field B would have a higher rate of permeability if the soils a. had lower porosity b. had a steeper surface slope c. were composed of larger rock particles d. were compacted by machinery traveling over the field 300 pts!

7 The temperature in city B is highest in January and lowest in July because city B is located
a. on the side of a mountain b. on an island c. in the Southern Hemisphere d. at the North Pole 350 pts!

8 Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface? a. the distance from the Equator b. the extent of vegetative cover c. the degrees of longitude d. the month of the year 350 pts!

9 In general, the probability of flooding decreases when there is an increase in the amount of
a. precipitation b. infiltration c. runoff d. snow melt 250 pts!

10 400 pts! Which condition makes surface runoff of rainfall most likely?
a. The gradient of the surface is low. b. Permeability rate exceeds the rate of rainfall. c. Surface soil pore spaces are filled. d. The porosity of the surface soil is high. 400 pts!

11 Which graph shows the effect of soil permeability on the amount of runoff in an area?
150 pts! C D

12 During a heavy rainstorm, soil samples A and B both became saturated with water. However, 10 minutes after the storm ended, the soils appeared as shown below. Which statement best explains the observed change in the water content of the soil samples? a. The permeability of B is greater than the permeability of A. b. The porosity of B is greater than the porosity of A. c. The capillarity of B is greater than the capillarity of A. d. The surface runoff at B is greater than the surface runoff at A. 200 pts!

13 Which graph best represents the relationship between porosity and particle size for soil samples of uniform size, shape, and packing? 400 pts! B A C D

14 250 pts! According to the information provided in table 2, the area represented by the water budget data would have a climate classified as a. humid b. subhumid c. semiarid d. arid

15 Compared to an inland location of the same elevation and latitude, a coastal location is likely to have a. warmer summers and cooler winters b. warmer summers and warmer winters c. cooler summers and cooler winters d. cooler summers and warmer winters 150 pts!

16 Which graph best represents the relationship between soil permeability rate and infiltration when all other conditions are the same? 350 pts! A B C D

17 Base your answer on the diagram below shows the flow of air over a mountain, from location A to B to C. Which graph best shows how the air temperature and probability of precipitation change during this air movement? A B 400 pts! C D

18 Two locations, one in northern Canada and one in the southwestern United States, receive the same amount of precipitation each year. The location in Canada is classified as a humid climate. Why would the location in the United States be classified as an arid climate? a. The yearly distribution of precipitation is different. b. The soil-moisture storage in the southwestern United States is more than that in northern Canada. c. The potential evapotranspiration is greater in the southwestern United States than in northern Canada. d. The vegetation of the southwestern United States is different from that of northern Canada. 150 pts!

19 Base your answer to the next question on the diagram below, which represents the planetary wind and moisture belts in Earth’s Northern Hemisphere. The paths of the surface planetary winds are curved due to Earth’s a. revolution b. rotation c. circumference d. size 300 pts!

20 The map below shows the location of four cities, A, B, C, and D, in the western United States where prevailing winds are from the southwest. Which city most likely receives the least amount of average yearly precipitation? a. A b. B c. C d. D 200 pts!

21 The diagram below shows a laboratory setup
The diagram below shows a laboratory setup. The rubber band holds filter paper across the base of the open tube to hold the soil sample. The tube was placed in the water as shown. The upward movement of water is represented by arrows. The height of the water that moved upward within the soil was measured. Students repeated this procedure using soils with different particle sizes. Results of the experiment are shown in the data table. Results of this experiment lead to the conclusion that a. capillarity is greater in soils with larger particles b. capillarity is greater in soils with smaller particles c. permeability is greater in soils with larger particles d. permeability is greater in soils with smaller particles 150 pts!

22 Which graph best shows the general effect that differences in elevation above sea level have on the average annual temperature? B C D A 200 pts!

23 Base your answer on the diagram below shows columns A, B, C, and D that contain different sediments.
Equal volumes of water were poured through each column. Which column of sediment retained the most water? a. A b. B c. C d. D 500 pts!

24 Which statement best explains why a desert often forms on the leeward side of a mountain range, as shown in the diagram below? Sinking air compresses and warms. b.  Sinking air expands and warms. c.  Rising air compresses and warms. d.  Rising air expands and warms. 300 pts!

25 The map below shows average annual temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit across the United States.
Which climatic factor is most important in determining the pattern shown in the eastern half of the United States? a. ocean currents b. mountain barriers c. elevation above sea level d. latitude 500 pts!

26 On the map below, dark-gray areas represent regions of lake-effect snow on a December day.
Which New York State location appears to be experiencing a lake-effect snowstorm? a. New York City b. Utica c. Plattsburgh d. Watertown 200 pts!

27 Base your answer on the diagram below, which represents samples of soil and bedrock at Earth's surface. The arrows represent possible infiltration of rainwater. Which sample probably has the greatest porosity? a. pebble soil b. pebble-and-sand soil c. conglomerate bedrock d. granite bedrock 450 pts!

28 The arrows on the cross section below show the prevailing wind that flows over a mountain. Points A and B represent locations on opposite sides of the mountain. Which statement correctly describes the differences in the climates of locations A and B? a. Location A is warmer and drier than location B. b. Location A is cooler and wetter than location B. c. Location B is warmer and wetter than location A. d. Location B is cooler and drier than location A. 200 pts!

29 Base your answer on the map below, which shows an imaginary continent on Earth. Arrows represent prevailing wind directions. Letters A through D represent locations on the continent. Locations A and B are at the same latitude and at the same elevation at the base of the mountains. Over the course of a year, compared to location B, location A will have a. less precipitation and a smaller temperature range b. less precipitation and a greater temperature range c. more precipitation and a smaller temperature range d. more precipitation and a greater temperature range 300 pts!

30 Base your answer on The diagram below shows two identical containers filled with uniform particles that were sorted by size. Which characteristic is most likely the same for these particle-filled containers? a. infiltration rate b. water retention c. capillarity d. porosity 250 pts!

31 The graph below, which shows the average yearly temperature and average yearly precipitation for Earth locations A through E. Locations A and C have different average yearly temperatures. This difference most likely is due to the fact that a. A has a higher elevation b. A is located nearer to the Equator c. C has more precipitation d. C has a greater longitude 350 pts!

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