Presentation on theme: "The Constitutional Convention. Federalists v. Anti-Federalists 1. Federalists- wanted a strong national government with power. Led by Alexander Hamilton."— Presentation transcript:
Federalists v. Anti-Federalists 1. Federalists- wanted a strong national government with power. Led by Alexander Hamilton. Supported by individuals with large economic issues. For example, large farms.
B. Federalists v. Anti-Federalists 2. Anti- Federalist- favored strong state governments and a weak national government. Led by Patrick Henry Supported a Bill of Rights, small republic, and by small economic interests. For example, small farms.
Connecticut Compromise and Two Plans Virginia Plan – favored large, wealthy states. Call for a bicameral legislative branch based on population and wealth. A president chosen by the Congress and a High Court chosen by the Congress New Jersey Plan- favored smaller, poorer states. Call for a unicameral legislative branch based on equality. Plural executive, chosen by the Congress High Court chosen by the executive
“Smell Test” 1.Does it reflect Locke? 2.Does it reflect Montesquieu? 3. Does it reflect the ideals of the Declaration?
Explain whether the Virginia Plan or the New Jersey Plan pass the “smell test”.
Bell Question Objective: I can explain the major points of the Connecticut Compromise. What does the chart below represent? Strong Central GovernmentFavorOppose Bill of RightsNot necessaryEssential Size of the National government Large republicSmall republic SupportersLarge farmersSmall farmers
Connecticut Compromise “Great Compromise” A bicameral legislative branch to make laws. House of Representatives based on population and a Senate based on equality. An executive to enforce laws chosen by an electoral college. An independent judiciary called a Supreme Court. Judges nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
Ticket Out How is the House of Representatives chosen?
Bell Question Objective: I can discuss key points of the other compromises during the Constitutional Convention. How is the president of the United States selected?
Ticket Out What system of government was created with the Connecticut Compromise? Hint: It is not a type of government and relates to question #2
Bell Question Objective: I can discuss key points of the other compromises during the Constitutional Convention. Which of the following best summarizes the position of the Federalists? Amending the Articles of Confederation was enough to preserve the union Separation of powers would protect the nation from tyranny The new government should be based on religious principles The Articles of Confederation needed no revision
Other Compromises 3/5 Compromise- counted slaves as 3/5 of a free person for the purpose of taxes and representation. Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise- Congress could not tax exports and could not act on the slave trade for 20years at which point the trade would end.
Ticket Out Why is representation a big deal at the Constitutional Convention? Think about powers of Congress What institution did some states have