Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 5 Human Geography Section 1: Population Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 5 Human Geography Section 1: Population Geography World Geography Today4/23/2017CHAPTER 5Human GeographySection 1: Population GeographySection 2: Cultural GeographySection 3: World Languages and ReligionsChapter 05
2 Objectives: Section 1 Population Geography How do geographers study population?What are some important trends in world population?
3 Studying population: Section 1 Population Geography Geographers study relationships between populations and environments, using:mapsgraphspopulation pyramidsspatial perspectiveKey statistics:population densitypopulation distributionpopulation changenatural increase
4 Population GeographyPopulation Density- average number of people in an areaDemography-Statistical study of human population. Number form
5 SECTION 1Population GeographyQuestion:What technological improvements have led to the world’s population growth?
6 Reasons for Population Increases SECTION 1Population GeographyReasons for Population Increasesmedical advances lead to better health care, which allows people to live longer.sanitation advances lead to cleaner living conditions, which help people stay healthy.agricultural advances lead to increased food production, which allows more people to live in an area.
7 What is Population Distribution? Where more or less concentrated population density occurs over the Earth.People live in areas that are seen as “favorable” for the existence.
8 Effecting Population Distribution Birthrate-Average number of births each year.Death rate-Average number of deaths per yearEmigrants- People who leave a country to live in another countryMigration- Process of moving from one place to anotherIMMIGRANTS- People who come to a country
10 Push and Pull Factors PUSH FACTORS PULL FACTORS Environment Floods, droughts, fire…hazards“bad” soil-infertileMild climate, fertile soil,” calm”EconomicLoss of job, no room for promotionJob, money, security in money.
11 Push and Pull Factors Continued… Push FactorsPull FactorsPOLTICALLoss of freedom, terrorism, war, Do not feel safeFREEDOM, feeling of safety, peace, Democratic rightsSOCIALCrime, ethnic tension, language, religion tension,Religious ties, Ethnic ties, common valuesFamily
14 World population trends: Section 1 Population GeographyWorld population trends:World population is increasing rapidly.Economic development results in lower population growth rates.Many less-developed nations are gradually reducing population growth.Future population projections vary, but population-related challenges are inevitable.
15 SECTION 2Cultural GeographyQuestion:How would you describe the following traits of your own culture?
16 Objectives: Section 2 Cultural Geography How do geographers study culture?How do cultures change over time?
17 Studying culture: Section 2 Cultural Geography culture traits—activities and behaviors common to groups of peopleculture regions—areas in which people share culture traits
18 How cultures change Section 2 Cultural Geography Cultures change through general processes such as migration, war, and trade.Key concepts:innovation—adoption of new and useful ideasdiffusion—spread of ideasglobalization—worldwide adoption of culture traitstraditionalism—maintenance of traditional practices
19 Cultural Geography SECTION 2 Culture Traits government Example: democratic system, elected officials at local, state, and national levelsreligioneducationlanguageCulture Traitseconomyhousingclothingfood
20 Objectives: Section 3 World Languages and Religions What is the geography of the world’s languages?What are the three main types of religions that geographers identify?
21 Geography of languages: Section 3 World Languages and ReligionsGeography of languages:Languages have spatial characteristics, linked to specific regions and peoples.Languages are divided into families and branches.Geographers study the origins and spread of languages.
22 Types of religions: Section 3 World Languages and Religions ethnic—focus on one ethnic group; examples: Hinduism, Judaismanimist—focus on spirits and forces of nature; often have ethnic basisuniversalizing—seek worldwide following; examples: Islam, Christianity