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CHAPTER 5 Human Geography Section 1: Population Geography

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1 CHAPTER 5 Human Geography Section 1: Population Geography
World Geography Today 4/23/2017 CHAPTER 5 Human Geography Section 1: Population Geography Section 2: Cultural Geography Section 3: World Languages and Religions Chapter 05

2 Objectives: Section 1 Population Geography
How do geographers study population? What are some important trends in world population?

3 Studying population: Section 1 Population Geography
Geographers study relationships between populations and environments, using: maps graphs population pyramids spatial perspective Key statistics: population density population distribution population change natural increase

4 Population Geography Population Density- average number of people in an area Demography-Statistical study of human population. Number form

5 SECTION 1 Population Geography Question: What technological improvements have led to the world’s population growth?

6 Reasons for Population Increases
SECTION 1 Population Geography Reasons for Population Increases medical advances lead to better health care, which allows people to live longer. sanitation advances lead to cleaner living conditions, which help people stay healthy. agricultural advances lead to increased food production, which allows more people to live in an area.

7 What is Population Distribution?
Where more or less concentrated population density occurs over the Earth. People live in areas that are seen as “favorable” for the existence.

8 Effecting Population Distribution
Birthrate- Average number of births each year. Death rate- Average number of deaths per year Emigrants- People who leave a country to live in another country Migration- Process of moving from one place to another IMMIGRANTS- People who come to a country


10 Push and Pull Factors PUSH FACTORS PULL FACTORS Environment
Floods, droughts, fire…hazards “bad” soil-infertile Mild climate, fertile soil,” calm” Economic Loss of job, no room for promotion Job, money, security in money.

11 Push and Pull Factors Continued…
Push Factors Pull Factors POLTICAL Loss of freedom, terrorism, war, Do not feel safe FREEDOM, feeling of safety, peace, Democratic rights SOCIAL Crime, ethnic tension, language, religion tension, Religious ties, Ethnic ties, common values Family



14 World population trends:
Section 1 Population Geography World population trends: World population is increasing rapidly. Economic development results in lower population growth rates. Many less-developed nations are gradually reducing population growth. Future population projections vary, but population-related challenges are inevitable.

15 SECTION 2 Cultural Geography Question: How would you describe the following traits of your own culture?

16 Objectives: Section 2 Cultural Geography
How do geographers study culture? How do cultures change over time?

17 Studying culture: Section 2 Cultural Geography
culture traits—activities and behaviors common to groups of people culture regions—areas in which people share culture traits

18 How cultures change Section 2 Cultural Geography
Cultures change through general processes such as migration, war, and trade. Key concepts: innovation—adoption of new and useful ideas diffusion—spread of ideas globalization—worldwide adoption of culture traits traditionalism—maintenance of traditional practices

19 Cultural Geography SECTION 2 Culture Traits
government Example: democratic system, elected officials at local, state, and national levels religion education language Culture Traits economy housing clothing food

20 Objectives: Section 3 World Languages and Religions
What is the geography of the world’s languages? What are the three main types of religions that geographers identify?

21 Geography of languages:
Section 3 World Languages and Religions Geography of languages: Languages have spatial characteristics, linked to specific regions and peoples. Languages are divided into families and branches. Geographers study the origins and spread of languages.

22 Types of religions: Section 3 World Languages and Religions
ethnic—focus on one ethnic group; examples: Hinduism, Judaism animist—focus on spirits and forces of nature; often have ethnic basis universalizing—seek worldwide following; examples: Islam, Christianity

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