Factor 1 The Agricultural Revolution New Crops: Corn, and potatoes which lead to a better diet, and a growth in population. New Farming Methods: Parliament passed a law to let landowners fence off land, so they could then practice new ways of farming. New Technology: -Crop Rotation -Soil Mixing -Seed Drill -Selective breeding of animals.
Factor 2 The Domestic System Small Scale Industries Most rural people were farmers. Craft production was done to bring in income when farm duties could not be fulfilled. It mostly involved production of clothe made of wool. Many men, women, and children were skilled in the stages of producing clothing.
Factor 3 Economic Conditions Increase of supply and demand for manufactured products. Capitalism
Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain?
Reason 1 Large Natural Resources and Food Increase of food due to the Agricultural Revolution. Increase amount of coal and iron deposits.
Reason 2 Rapid growing population. The Agricultural Revolution caused people to want to move to the city for job opportunities.
Reason 3 Britain's Government: Parliament passed a law to promote people to invest in business.
Reason 4 Britain’s Middle Class Entrepreneurs started to invest in businesses, building factories, and began corporations. Merchants sold the products throughout Britain and the world.
Reason 5 New Inventions The Flying Shuttle Spinning Jenny The Water Frame The “Spinning Mule” The Cotton Gin Power Loom
Definitions Textiles- A woven or knit clothe. Industry-Systematic labor especially for some useful propose or the creation of something of value. Manufacturing- Making a product. Urban- Of, relating to, characteristics of, or constituting a city. Rural- Of or relating to the country, country people or life. Or agriculture. Capitalism- An economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods. Entrepreneur- One who organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of a business or enterprise. Labor- Human activity that provides goods or services in an economy.