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Published byGervais Ford Modified over 7 years ago
Nazi Persecution of the Jews Holocaust – A great or complete devastation or destruction, especially by fire. – Shoah Catastrophe – Any group considered inferior Disabled Gypsies Homosexuals Slavic people
Nuremburg Laws September 1935 – Took citizenship away from Jewish Germans – Banned marriage between Jews and Germans – Holding public office/ voting – At least 1 Jewish grandparent – 1938 banned from many jobs – Reluctant to leave Only a person of 'German blood' (four white circles, top row left, on the chart) could be a German citizen.
Kristallnacht “night of broken glass” November 7, 1938 – Herschel Grynszpan shot and killed a German diplomat – Hitler ordered ‘spontaneous’ raids – Police were forbidden to interfere – Gestapo Secret police Arrested over 20, 000 wealthy Jews Demanded Jews pay for the damage More than 90 dead
Trying to Flee Between 1933 & 1939, 350, 000 Jews escaped 1938 – 100, 000 visas backlogged – Following Anschluss 3,000 Austrian Jews each day Why was it so difficult to leave?? – Money – Many countries refused to accept them – U.S. laws restricted anyone who may become a public charge Unemployment Few wanted to raise immigration quotas 150, 000 annually – 1938 Countries regretted they could not take in more without raising quotas – 1939 SS St. Louis
The Final Solution January 20, 1942 – Wannsee Conference – Concentration Camps Slaves – Extermination Camps Elderly, infirm, young children sent to massive gas chambers
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w5WXIF67J2w&feature=related Nazi Death and Concentration Camps
Dehumanizing Valuables taken Stripped Heads shaved Separated Medical experiments http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rHm7zF3R1JI&feature=related
Why?? German peoples sense of injury after WWI Severe economic problems Hitler’s control over the German nation/Propaganda Lack of strong tradition of representative government Fear of Hitler’s Gestapo Long history of anti-Jewish prejudice and discrimination Government Control
Assignment Why was it difficult for Jewish people to leave Europe? What methods of extermination were used in the concentration camps? Create a timeline of events from this section. Include a minimum of 3 events. – Write event, date, & explanation – Ex. Nuremburg Laws, Sept. 1935, took citizenship away from Jewish Germans Why do you think this was allowed to go on for so long? Explain.
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