Presentation on theme: "Geography 101 Mrs. Dillard. Name the continent the United States is located on. What ocean borders the US on the EAST coast? What ocean borders the US."— Presentation transcript:
Name the continent the United States is located on. What ocean borders the US on the EAST coast? What ocean borders the US on the WEST coast? What country is located directly NORTH of the US & borders the US? What country is located directly SOUTH of the US & borders the US? Geography Quiz North America Atlantic Ocean Canada Pacific Ocean Mexico
Geographical Features Bay: Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline Beach: The shore of a body of water, usually sandy or pebbly. Canyon: A deep valley with steep sides between hills or mountains may have a stream or river. Cape: A piece of land extending into the water, smaller than a peninsula Cave: A hollow beneath the earth’s surface, often having an opening in the side of a hill or cliff.
Geographical Features Channel/Strait: A narrow waterway that connects 2 larger bodies of water. Coast: Land along a sea or ocean Delta: Land that is formed by mud, silt, and sand deposited at the mouth of a river. Usually 3 sided, triangle. Desert: Dry, barren land Forest: Dense growth of trees and underbrush
Geographical Features Gulf: Large area of sea or ocean, partially enclosed by land, larger than a bay Headlands: Point of land, usually high and with a sheer drop, extending out into a body of water Hill: A well-defined elevated area of land, smaller than a mountain Island: A body of land complete surrounded by water
Geographical Features Isthmus: Narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land Lake: Body of water complete surrounded by land, usually freshwater Meadow: Tract of grassland Mountain: Land with steep sides that rise steeply from the land around it Peninsula: Piece of land almost surrounded by water and connected to a larger body of land
Geographical Features Plain: An almost level area of land that stretches for miles Plateau: A elevated plain raised sharply above the surround land, at least on one side River: A natural stream of water that empties into an ocean or lake, usually fed along its course by tributaries Swamp: Low land region saturated by water Valley: Low land between hills or mountains
Continents or Countries? Africa North America Antarctica United Kingdom Ireland Europe Asia China
Where in the WORLD? Where is the equator? Zero degrees latitude Where is the Prime Meridian? Zero degrees longitude Where is the International Date Line? 180 degree longitude What is longitude? LONG, lines run North to South What is latitude? Ladder, lines run East to West
Latitude Measure of distance North to South of the Equator (0 degrees) Also called parallels The equator divides the world into Northern and Southern hemispheres Latitude lines are 30 degrees apart
Longitude Measured in distance east or west of the Prime Meridian (0 degrees) Prime Meridian passes through Greenwich, England International Date Line: 180 degrees Divides the world into Eastern & Western hemispheres
What’s the difference?? Continent: large land mass, separated from others by water. 7 continents: Asia, Antarctica, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Europe Country: Extended expanse of land Around 195 countries, currently Examples?