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Developed v. Developing Countries

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Presentation on theme: "Developed v. Developing Countries"— Presentation transcript:

1 Developed v. Developing Countries
WG.8: The student will distinguish between developed and developing countries and relate the level of economic development to the standard of living and quality of life.

2 Developed vs. Developing Countries
How and why does the level of economic development vary from one part of the world to another?

3 Developed vs. Developing Countries
What factors differ between developed and developing countries? Access to natural resources Access to capital resources Number of human resources, skills of human resources Economic development Standards of living & quality of life

4 Developed vs. Developing Countries Map
What level of development is the United States classified as? What other countries are classified as “advanced economies” – developed countries Where are the majority of developing countries located?

5 Indicators of economic Development
Urban development Labor force Primary sectors – extraction of raw materials Secondary sectors – transform raw materials into goods Tertiary sectors – supplying services to consumers GDP per capita = value of goods produced in a country total population in country Educational achievement A rise in per capita GDP signals growth in the economy and tends to translate as an increase in productivity


7 Based on the GDP per capita ratings, what countries are well off?
What countries are almost half the GDP per capita compared to Norway and Singapore?

8 Education Achievement in Developed & Developing Countries
What is the difference in the average years of schooling between developing and developed countries in 2010? How much has the average number of years for secondary education changed in advanced countries from 1970 to 2010? How much has the average number of years for primary education changed in developing countries between 1970 & 2010?

9 Indicators of Standards of Living & Quality of Life
Population growth rate Population age distribution Literacy rate Life expectancy Infant mortality rate Urban population % -Other common constraints on development are high economic poverty, hunger, high mortality rates, unsafe water supplies, poor education systems, corrupt governments, war, and poor sanitation. These factors all combine to create what the World Bank calls “poverty traps”—cycles that must be broken for countries to develop -The World Bank, therefore, recommends that countries focus on six areas of policy to improve chances of development: Investment in education and health Increasing productivity of small farms Improving infrastructure (for example, roads) Developing an industrial policy to promote manufacturing Promoting democracy and human rights Ensuring environmental protection

10 Population Age Distribution
Which country has a higher % of population age 0-9 years old? Which country has a higher & of population age ? Is the population of the Democratic Republic of Congo primarily older or younger? What about the U.S.?

11 Literacy Rates in the World

12 Compare the map of countries listed as developed or developing countries to the map on literacy rates. What similarities do you see between the two maps? What relationship can you infer from the literacy rate and the classification of developed or developing countries?

13 What is the life expectancy of developed countries in 2005-2010
What is the life expectancy of developed countries in ? Developing countries? What is the difference between the life expectancy for developed countries in and ?

14 What region has the highest infant mortality rate?
What region(s) have the lowest infant mortality rate? Why do you think the infant mortality rate has decreased over time, and will continue to decrease?

15 Quality of Life Compare the two pie graphs. What are the similarities and differences?

16 Highly Urbanized Areas in North America
1 5 4 3 1. Vancouver 2. Los Angeles 3. Chicago 4. Toronto 5. Montreal 6. New York City 7. Washington D.C. 6 7 2

17 Indicators of Standards of Living & Quality of Life

18 Air Pollution

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