Presentation on theme: "Developed v. Developing Countries"— Presentation transcript:
1 Developed v. Developing Countries WG.8: The student will distinguish between developed and developing countries and relate the level of economic development to the standard of living and quality of life.
2 Developed vs. Developing Countries How and why does the level of economic development vary from one part of the world to another?
3 Developed vs. Developing Countries What factors differ between developed and developing countries?Access to natural resourcesAccess to capital resourcesNumber of human resources, skills of human resourcesEconomic developmentStandards of living & quality of life
4 Developed vs. Developing Countries Map What level of development is the United States classified as?What other countries are classified as “advanced economies” – developed countriesWhere are the majority of developing countries located?
5 Indicators of economic Development Urban developmentLabor forcePrimary sectors – extraction of raw materialsSecondary sectors – transform raw materials into goodsTertiary sectors – supplying services to consumersGDP per capita = value of goods produced in a countrytotal population in countryEducational achievementA rise in per capita GDP signals growth in the economy and tends to translate as an increase in productivity
7 Based on the GDP per capita ratings, what countries are well off? What countries are almost half the GDP per capita compared to Norway and Singapore?
8 Education Achievement in Developed & Developing Countries What is the difference in the average years of schooling between developing and developed countries in 2010?How much has the average number of years for secondary education changed in advanced countries from 1970 to 2010?How much has the average number of years for primary education changed in developing countries between 1970 & 2010?
9 Indicators of Standards of Living & Quality of Life Population growth ratePopulation age distributionLiteracy rateLife expectancyInfant mortality rateUrban population %-Other common constraints on development are high economic poverty, hunger, high mortality rates, unsafe water supplies, poor education systems, corrupt governments, war, and poor sanitation. These factors all combine to create what the World Bank calls “poverty traps”—cycles that must be broken for countries to develop-The World Bank, therefore, recommends that countries focus on six areas of policy to improve chances of development:Investment in education and healthIncreasing productivity of small farmsImproving infrastructure (for example, roads)Developing an industrial policy to promote manufacturingPromoting democracy and human rightsEnsuring environmental protection
10 Population Age Distribution Which country has a higher % of population age 0-9 years old?Which country has a higher & of population age ?Is the population of the Democratic Republic of Congo primarily older or younger? What about the U.S.?
12 Compare the map of countries listed as developed or developing countries to the map on literacy rates.What similarities do you see between the two maps? What relationship can you infer from the literacy rate and the classification of developed or developing countries?
13 What is the life expectancy of developed countries in 2005-2010 What is the life expectancy of developed countries in ? Developing countries?What is the difference between the life expectancy for developed countries in and ?
14 What region has the highest infant mortality rate? What region(s) have the lowest infant mortality rate?Why do you think the infant mortality rate has decreased over time, and will continue to decrease?
15 Quality of LifeCompare the two pie graphs. What are the similarities and differences?
16 Highly Urbanized Areas in North America 15431. Vancouver 2. Los Angeles 3. Chicago 4. Toronto 5. Montreal 6. New York City 7. Washington D.C.672
17 Indicators of Standards of Living & Quality of Life