Presentation on theme: "UNIT 7: WORLD WAR II & THE COLD WAR: THE COLD WAR."— Presentation transcript:
UNIT 7: WORLD WAR II & THE COLD WAR: THE COLD WAR
DO NOW: Use the quote to answer the following questions: “We look forward to a world founded upon four essential freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression…the second is freedom of every person to worship in his own way…The third is freedom from want (need)…The fourth is freedom from fear” - Franklin D. Roosevelt To what 4 freedoms does Roosevelt refer? How does US involvement in World War II further the freedoms? What role does the Soviet Union play in limiting these freedoms?
1945 – A Critical Year Yalta Conference: Meeting of big 3 leaders to discuss post-war world –Stalin promised to allow elections in Poland –Poland would continue to strain relations Potsdam Conference: Truman announced that the atomic bomb had been tested
Conflicting Post-war Goals American View Bring democracy & economic development to Europe & Asia An economically strong world market would provide the US with new markets for its products Soviet View Satellite Nations: countries subject to Soviet domination Nations would be loyal to communist goals USSR gained control over almost all Eastern European nations & installed Communism
UNITED NATIONS International peacekeeping organization similar to the League of Nations Unlike the League, the US Congress pledged its support Composed of 2 main bodies –General Assembly: all members nations –Security Council: 5 permanent nations and 6 rotating members that serve 2-year terms
New American Foreign Policy Containment: prevent Communism from spreading beyond where it already existed –Some criticized the policy as too moderate and called for action to end Communism Truman Doctrine: President Truman urged the US to take a leadership role in the world –Congress approved $400 million in aid to Greece & Turkey to strengthen the nations against Communism
Cause & Effect : The Cold War Causes: US & USSR clash over post-war Poland USSR’s totalitarian government at odds with western ideals Britain’s Churchill urges west to oppose the Soviet Union Effects: US adopts containment policy Truman doctrine offers aid to nations to oppose Communism Fear of Communism leads to suspicion in American Culture