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Outermost Regions & Climate Change

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Presentation on theme: "Outermost Regions & Climate Change"— Presentation transcript:

1 Outermost Regions & Climate Change
António Domingos Abreu

2 Small Islands and OR’s Reduced size Limited natural resources
Natural disasters Isolated Vulnerable and exposed economies High population density Vulnerable natural systems

3 Main climate change impacts - OR’s and small islands
Sea level rise Changes in wind and rain regimes Soil balance changes Changes of local wave and near shore sea conditions Coastal based socieconomical activities

4 Climate Change - main trends
Increase of mean temperature Sea level rise Less precipitation More frequent extreme events

5 Special issues Development, sustainability and equity, Sea level rise
Coastal changes Biological systems and biodiversity Water, agriculture and fisheries Human health, settlements, infrastructures and tourism

6 Development, sustainability and equity
< 1% of GHG contribution Exposed and vulnerable economies Need of scale adaptation measures

7 Sea level rise 5mm/year in the next century
Social and economical implications Adaptation within their natural and social boundaries...

8 Coastal zones Human contribution to coastal zone change
In the next 50 to 100 years these changes will increase Need to assure resilience of coastal zones Higher social and economical costs of adaptation

9 Natural systems and biodiversity
Natural systems are the basis of the economical stability of OR’s 33% of the endemic species of the flora are insular endemisms 23% of the insular bird species are endangered Changes in the composition, structure and dynamics of natural systems

10 Water, agriculture & fisheriess
Water availability and food production will always be critical factors in the OR’s Most of water is from rain origin Loss of soil, erosion, saline intrusion, Changes in the abundance and distribution of fisheries

11 Human health, settlements, infrastructures and tourism
Potential increase of biological induced and water related diseases More critical situations linked to extreme events Vulnerability of infrasctructures, including touristic and those located on risk zones,

12 Adequated and adapted management
Information Monitoring Mitigation Adaptation

13 Scenarios & models


15 Precipitation - Madeira (2071-2100)
Dry Winters & wet Summers Significant loss of precipitation Perda anual (in mm)

16 Temperature Madeira (2071-2100)

17 Sectoral Impact Assessment
Water Forest Biodiversity Agriculture Tourism Human health Energy ...

18 Potential Impacts on forest and agriculture
Changes in the distribution zones - altitude; Higher forest fire risks; Changes on primary production.

19 Impacts on Tourism Comfort Health risks Landscape Natural disaters
Média Funchal

20 Contamination vectors Transmission dinamics Regional Climatic changes
Human Health Levels of air polution Contamination vectors Transmission dinamics Regional Climatic changes Extreme events Temperature Precipitation Potential effects on human health Death/diseases due to temperature & climatic extreme events (floods/dry/rain) air polution related effects Diseases promoted by water and food Diseases transmited by bilogical vectors

21 The near future Climate change is a fact
It is prioritary to monitor the trends Mitigation and adaptation measures Participation Is this possibe to deal with climate change challenges on a OR’s scale?

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