2 Economic Choices and Decision Making The Process of making a choice is not always easy. To become a good decision maker, you need to know how to identify the problem and then analyze your alternatives.Because resources are scarce, consumers need to make wise decisions.To become a good decision maker, you need to know how to identify the problem and then analyze your alternatives.Finally, you have to make your choice in a way that carefully considers the costs and benefits of each possibility.
3 Trade-OffsBecause people cannot have everything they want, they face trade-offs, or alternative choices.
4 Trade-Offs Choices are not always easy to make. A decision-making grid is one way to approach difficult problems.
5 Trade-OffsThis grid summarizes a decision by Miguel to spend a $50 gift the best way possible.
6 Opportunity Cost People often think of cost in terms of dollars. To an economist, however, cost often means more than the price tag placed on a good or service.Opportunity cost is the cost of what you give up when one choice is made over another.This could mean money, time, or resources either now or in the future.
7 Production Possibilities Frontier The Production Possibilities Frontier is a diagram representing the various combinations of two goods or services an economy can produce when all productive resources are fully employed.
9 Production Possibilities Frontier What trade-offs are involved?What does point D illustrate?What is the opportunity cost of producing at point B?What is the opportunity cost of producing at point C?Is it possible to produce at option C?
10 Cost-Benefit Analysis Cost-benefit analysis is a way of thinking about a problem that compares the costs of an action to the benefits received.It is used to assess whether a proposed project, program, or policy is worth doing.It is often used by governments and businesses to evaluate the desirability of a given intervention.
11 Decision-MakingProblem: Sandy’s part-time job earns her only $25 income a week. This week her expenses are especially heavy. She wants to go to a rock concert, which will cost her $25. Her friend Rafael’s birthday is also this week, and the present she wants to buy him costs $25. In addition, Sandy’s car needs a brake repair, which costs $100. If Sandy pays for the first $25 of repairs, her dad will pay the remaining $75.
12 Decision-Making State the opportunity cost of your decision. Assignment: Create your own decision-making grid.Problem: Image you must spend $50.Make a list of four to five alternatives from which you could choose.State the criteria you feel are most important in helping you judge the alternatives you have listed.Use the decision-making grid to evaluate each alternative.Make your decisionState the opportunity cost of your decision.