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Willy Van Puymbroeck European Commission Head of Unit Nanoelectronics

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1 Willy Van Puymbroeck European Commission Head of Unit Nanoelectronics
Key Enabling Technologies and HORIZON 2020 Willy Van Puymbroeck European Commission Head of Unit Nanoelectronics 1

2 Outline presentation KEY Enabling Technologies – KET’s HORIZON 2020
How and which Observations of the High Level Group Recommendations by the High Level Group Considerations on implementation HORIZON 2020 Outlook and budget Impact, simplification and architecture Challenges and funding schemes NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology Evolution of the area Research in Europe Addressing value chains 2

3 Value adding enabling Role Technology-Intensity
KEY Enabling Technologies How and which – Key Performance Indicators Screening of the common high-tech areas at Member State-level Initial selection Economic Potential Value adding enabling Role Technology-Intensity Capital Intensity GDP contribution Employment Market Growth Systemic relevance General Purpose Technology Innovation driver Productivity driver Spill-over effects R&D-Intensity Innovation cycles Know-how intensity IPR/ Patenting High-skill ratio Initial investments Capital expenditure/ Production costs Amortisation rates Investment per employee Economic criteria Based on this assessment, five + one key enabling technologies were selected

4 KEY Enabling Technologies How and which
Communication COM(2009)512 of Micro- and nanoelectronics, including semiconductors Advanced materials Photonics Biotechnology Nanotechnology Advanced manufacturing Systems

5 KEY Enabling Technologies How and which – High Level Group
27 High Level Group members + Sherpa Group + Technology-specific Working Groups Mission of the KETs HLG To assess the competitive situation of the relevant technologies in the EU with a particular focus on industrial deployment and their contribution to address major societal challenges; To analyse in depth the available public and private R&D capacities for KETs in the EU; To propose specific policy recommendations for a more effective industrial deployment of KETs in the EU.

KEY Enabling Technologies Observations of the HLG – Disconnect between EU patent base and EU manufacturing USA EUROPE ASIA OTHERS LI-ION BATTERY PRODUCTION 2008 Patent share Manufacturing share BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION 2009 PV CELL 30% 31% 35% 4% % 1% 0% 87% 12% % 34% 36% 26% 7% % USA 54% BRAZIL34% 5% 3% 4% % 27% 29% 42% 2% % 12% 13% 57% 18% %

7 manufacturing facilities
KEY Enabling Technologies Observations of the HLG – The ‘Valley of Death’ Technological facilities Pilot lines Demonstrator Globally competitive manufacturing facilities Source: Preliminary HLG KET Report, Brussels, 09/02/2011

8 KEY Enabling Technologies Observations of the HLG – Competition is on – some examples
US President Barack H. Obama, in his state of The Union speech, on January , STATED “At stake [right now] is whether new jobs and industries take root in this country, or somewhere else.[…] The rules have changed! […] We need to out-innovate, out-educate, and out-built the rest of the world” US CHINA Shift form a PRO1- centred innovation system to a firm-centred one BRAZIL June 2011, Brazilian state-owned development bank BNDES announced that it will make $18-22 billion in loans to the sugarcane and ethanol sector. The technology of magnetic random access memory was recently mastered and led to development and commercialisation in Europe. This type of memory could replace traditional memory on silicon as it is faster, less expensive and consumes less energy. This year, RUSNANO, the Russian government controlled investment fund, tasked with the mission of creating by 2015 a “Nano industry” took high JV stake in the relevant European industry. RUSSIA

9 KEY Enabling Technologies Recommendations by the HLG
Recommendation n°1: Make KETs a technological priority for Europe The High Level Group recommends that an integrated KETs policy should be implemented, that KETs should be visibly prioritised in EU policies and financial instruments and that the European Investment Bank group should pro-actively support KETs initiatives in Europe. Recommendation n°2: The EU should apply the TRL scale R&D definition The High Level Group recommends the EU to align its RDI activities on the TRL scale in line with the OECD definition. The Commission should also systematically apply this definition in order to include technological research, product development and demonstration activities within its RDI portfolio. Recommendation n°3: Fully exploit the scope of relevant R&D definitions The High Level Group recommends that the EU should apply R&D definitions in its programmes which support the full and simultaneous implementation of the three pillar bridge model along the innovation chain, from basic research, through technological research, product development and prototyping up to globally competitive manufacturing. Recommendation n°4: Rebalancing of EU RDI funding programmes The High Level Group recommends that the EU and Member States firmly rebalance their RDI funding in KETs-related programmes towards technological research, product development (including pilot lines, prototypes, first-in-kind equipment and facilities and demonstrator activities). In particular in the future CSF, the EU should set indicative targets for the percentage of funding dedicated to basic research, technological research and development activities.

10 KEY Enabling Technologies Recommendations by the HLG
Recommendation n°5: A strategic approach to KETs programmes The High Level Group recommends that the European Commission defines and implements a strategic, industry driven and coordinated approach to KETs programmes and related policies across EC RDI funding programmes and instruments (CSF, ERDF). Recommendation n°6: Establish an appropriate set of rules to implement KETs programmes The High Level Group recommends that the European Commission adapts its selection criteria and implementation rules in the CSF programme to maximise its impact on the value and innovation chains. In particular, a "value chain correctness" criterion should be added Recommendation n°7: Combined funding mechanisms The High Level Group recommends that the EU should introduce a tripartite financing approach based on combined funding mechanisms involving Industry, Commission, and national authorities (Member States and local government), when required by the high costs of the KETs RDI projects, and put in place the appropriate program management and mechanisms to allow the combination of EU funding (CSF, structural funds), to enable the optimum investment in significant KET pilot line and manufacturing facilities across Europe. Recommendation n°8: KETs state aid provisions The High Level Group recommends that the EU adapts state aid provisions to facilitate RDI activities and large-scale investment in KETs, in particular through the introduction of a matching clause in the EU state aid framework across the board, review of the scaling-down mechanism for larger investments increased thresholds for notifications, faster procedures and the use of projects of common European interest.

11 KEY Enabling Technologies Recommendations by the HLG
Recommendation n°9: Globally competitive IP policy in Europe The High Level Group recommends that the selection criteria and terms of the consortium agreements of EU RDI funding programmes should be amended to ensure that participating consortia have a clear and explicit plan for both the ownership of and first exploitation of IP resulting from the project within the EU. It should explicitly include provisions similar to those of the “Bayh-Dole Act” and “Exception Circumstances”-like provisions to encourage the first exploitation and manufacturing of products based on this IP within the EU. Recommendation n°10: Build, strengthen and retain KETs skills The High Level Group recommends that the EU should create a European Technology Research Council (ETRC) to promote individual excellence in technologically focused engineering research and innovation and establish the appropriate framework conditions through the ESF regulation in order to support KETs skills capacity building at national and regional level. Recommendation n°11: A European KETs observatory and consultative body The High Level Group recommends that the European Commission establishes a European KETs Observatory Monitoring Mechanism tasked with the mission of performing analysis and a “KETs Consultative Body” comprised of stakeholders across the entire innovation chain to advise and monitor the progress in Europe of the HLG KET recommendations towards the development and deployment of KETs for a competitive Europe this should include all relevant data regarding policies and strategies evolution outside EU.

12 Key Enabling Technologies
KEY Enabling Technologies Considerations on implementation Key Enabling Technologies An Industrial Policy for the Globalisation Era

13 Horizon 2020 Outlook and budget
Proposal by the Commission in ‘A budget for Europe 2020’ on Research and Innovation Budget for of EUR 80 billion in constant 2011 prices Bring together FP7, the innovation part of Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP) and European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) Structured around three distinct reinforcing blocks Excellence in the science base Tackling societal challenges Creating industrial leadership and competitive frameworks Includes both agenda-driven activities and more open areas for applications Implementation will be simplified and standardised

14 Horizon 2020 Increasing impact
FROM different priorities in each programme and initiative TO common strategic priorities, focusing on societal challenges, competitiveness and research excellence FROM gaps between the stages (R&D, demonstration, piloting, market uptake …) TO coherent support for projects and organisations across the innovation cycle

15 Horizon 2020 Achieving simplification
FROM a large variety of funding schemes within and between programmes TO a rationalised toolkit of funding schemes across the CSF FROM different rules in each programme and initiative TO more standardised rules across all initiatives – which meet the different needs and with flexibility where needed FROM multiple websites, guidance documents, applications TO common entry point, one stop shop, common IT platform

16 Horizon 2020 Architecture Shared objectives and principles
Creating Industrial Leadership & Competitive Frameworks Leadership in enabling technologies ICT Nanotech, Production, Materials Biotech Space Access to risk finance & venture capital High potential SMEs Excellence in the Research Base Frontier research (ERC & FET Flagships) Skills and career development (Marie Curie) Research infrastructures incl. e-Infrastructures Tackling Societal Challenges Health, demographics and wellbeing Food security and bio-based economy Secure, clean and efficient energy Smart, green and integrated transport Resource efficiency & climate impact Inclusive, innovative & secure society (EIT) Common rules, toolkit of funding schemes Shared objectives and principles

17 Horizon 2020 Challenges and funding schemes – a comprehensive picture
Infrastructures and skills Strategic, Roadmap based Open, Agile User-driven testing, piloting Societal challenges e.g. support to EIPs Light WP Anytime e.g. Living labs Pilots Industrial leadership e.g. HPC access Small size SMEs specific e.g. PPPs Pilots Excellence in science ERC e.g. FET Flagships eInfrastructures

18 NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Evolution of the area Increasing complexity and cost This triggered major changes: Further Globalisation of Semiconductor R&D and Manufacturing Shift of markets and Investments to Asia Global strategic alliances for process RTD & manufacturing Changing Business Models and Consolidation Shift from IDM to fab lite, fabless and foundry Focus on products rather than on technology Complex value chains Changing R&D Models: Multi-disciplinarity, system level view Global alliances for process R&D - sharing of R&D infrastructure Application driven derivatives “at home” - Tremendous integration achievements, usually described by Moore’s law. Miniaturisation reached levels where first technological limits start to play a role, physical not yet reached, but costs start to be enormous due to technological complexity and a spiral of workaround solutions and side effects Globalisation enforced, R&D and business models changed Manufacturing went were labor was cheaper and incentives higher; labor cost not so much any longer the main differentiator, but labor qualification and still incentives! -

19 More than Moore: Diversification
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology Research in Europe - Advanced components in advanced systems enabling pervasive applications - More than Moore: Diversification Moore’s Law: Miniaturization Baseline CMOS: CPU, Memory, Logic 130nm 90nm 65nm 45nm 32nm 22nm Beyond & Extended CMOS Analog/RF Passives HV Power Sensors Actuators Biochips Information Processing Digital content System-on-Chip (SoC) Interacting with people and environment Non-digital content SoC & System-in-Package (SiP) Combining SoC and SiP: Higher Value Systems , Beyond & Extended CMOS technologies need to meet the criteria of integratability and systemability and manufacturability

20 NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Research in Europe The dynamics of two decades of computer chip technology development and their mineral and element impacts. In the 1980s, computer chips were made with a palette of twelve minerals or their elemental components. A decade later, sixteen elements were employed. Today, as many as sixty different minerals (or their constituent elements) are used in fabricating the high-speed, high-capacity integrated circuits that are crucial to this technology. Source: CT IC

21 Vision, Mission, Strategy
NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology Addressing value chains FP7 MS Vision, Mission, Strategy Specific Programme FP7 EU Level Application oriented

22 NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Addressing value chains Programme Sub-programme No COOPERATION ICT-Nanoelectronics (including Design) 38 ICT-Micro/Smart Systems 17 ICT-Photonics/Organic Electronics 18 ICT-other 7 ICT-FET 8 NMP 5 JTI/JU ENIAC 28 EUREKA MEDEA+ 39 CATRENE 25 CAPACITIES Research for SMEs 1 Research Potential PEOPLE Marie-Curie Industrial-Academic Partnerships 3 IDEAS ERC Advanced Investigator Grants 191 projects analysed in total 20% funded by Nanoelectronics Unit directly 50% in MEDEA+/CATRENE/ENIAC 22 22

23 NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology
Addressing value chains 14 FP7 EQUIPMENT Projects 18 FP7 DESIGN Projects 35 FP7 INTEGRATION Projects 26 FP7 APPLICATION Projects EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS SUPPLIERS DESIGN COMPANIES IDMs & FOUNDRIES OEMs No 9 8 43 25 % of Total (94) 9% 8% 43% 25% Major players here are defined as those who are prominent in current manufacturing supply chains (taken from EC reports, e.g. ICT MAN study): OEMs: NOKIA, ERICSSON, BOSCH, SIEMENS (5), PHILIPS (5), THALES (9), EADS, FIAT (5) IDMs and Foundries: INTEL, STM (24), INFINEON (12), GLOBAL FOUNDRIES, NXP (4), NUMONYX, BOSCH, AMS, ARM Design Companies: CADENCE, PHOENIX, SYNOPSYS (4) Equipment and Materials Suppliers: SILTRONIC, SOITEC, APPLIED MATERIALS, KLA-TENCOR (3), LAM, ASMI, AIXTRON, SUSS MICROTEC, ADIXEN, ION BEAM SERVICES FP7 is successfully involving major players across the supply chain in line with the types of projects being funded, but participation of key players is patchy and there are significant omissions 23

NANOELECTRONICS – A Key Enabling Technology Addressing value chains IDMs & FOUNDRIES OEMs DESIGN COMPANIES EQUIPMENT & MATERIAL SUPPLIERS 6 2 12 25 43 8 9 7 Top OEMs – THALES, FIAT, PHILIPS and SIEMENS - are involved in 18 projects. Another 7 projects involve other OEMs eg Ericsson Top IDMs – STM and INFINEON - are involved in 33 projects. Another 10 projects involve other IDMs eg Numonyx, Bosch, NXP, Global 24

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