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Published bySolomon Hugh Benson
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Sub-Saharan Africa Impacts of Imperialism
Background Berlin Conference –Given to King Leopold II Mistreated indigenous people –Currency of the Hands!
Short Term Effect #1 Rubber Production (economic) –Quotas were set and punishment was “handed” out if not met Currency of the Hands –Led to a depletion of resources Rubber plants destroyed
Short Term Effect #2 Annexation of Belgian Congo by Belgium –Take over from Leopold Ends (slows) atrocities Introduces education, healthcare,etc.
Long Term Effect #1 Separation of People (cultural) –Divided people into Hutu and Tutsi Based on “science” – really looks Leads to Rwandan Genocide in 1994
Long Term Effect #2 Political Unrest (political) –Civil War (1961-1965) Joseph Mobutu takes control –Renames country Zaire and himself Mobutu Sese Seko »Rid of Western influence
Long Term Effect #2 Political Unrest (political) –Mobutu Dictator – stays in power by sham elections Overthrown in 1997 – replaced by Laurent Kabila
Long Term Effect #2 Political Unrest (political) –Laurent Kabila Goes back to DRC Civil War – 1998 – 1999 Assassinated in 2001 –Son, Joseph, takes over
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