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Women and Reform Chapter 8 Section 3 Page 254.

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Presentation on theme: "Women and Reform Chapter 8 Section 3 Page 254."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women and Reform Chapter 8 Section 3 Page 254

2 Women’s Role in the Mid-1800s
Women faced limited options Restrict activities after marriage to the home & family. Housework & child care were only proper activities for married women. This tradition became known as the cult of domesticity couldn’t vote Women’s property became her husband’s Lacked the right to guardianship of children

3 Women Abolitionists Middle class women inspired by Second Great Awakening Sarah & Angelina Grimke spoke for abolition Angelina published An Appeal to Christian Women of the South Raised money, distributed literature, & collect signatures for Congress. Some men supported women. William Lloyd Garrison joined women to fight for rights. Other men denounced female abolitionists Opposition only served to make women reformers more determined.

4 Working for Temperance
Temperance Movement – the effort to prohibit the drinking of alcohol. Offshoot of the Second Great Awakening Alcohol flowed freely Doctors used alcohol for patients Women recognized drunkenness as a serious problem. 1826 the American Temperance Society was founded. Held rallies & produced pamphlets which brought about a decline in the consumption until the 1860s.

5 Education for Women American girls had few educational opportunities.
Emma Willard opened one for the first academically rigorous schools for girls. Troy Female Seminary Became a model for other schools Oberlin College - became the first coeducational college African American women faced greater challenges to education. Not until after the Civil War did education for African American women increase.

6 Women & Health Reform Educated women also began to work for health reform. For more information read pg

7 Seneca Falls Convention
Seneca Falls Convention – women’s rights convention Composed an agenda w/ grievances 300 women & men Approved all parts of the declaration unanimously except one – right to vote Thought suffrage was an extreme solution to a nonexistent problem.

8 Sojourner Truth Conditions for slaves worsened
Isabella Baumfree, a slave for 30 yrs took the name Sojourner Truth She decided to travel the country preaching against slavery.

9 Answer the following questions
What is the cult of domesticity? What spurred the growth of the temperance movement? What strides did women make in the areas of education and health care? What significant events took place at the Seneca Falls Convention? What contributions did Sojourner Truth make to the women’s rights movement? What were the main problems faced by women in the mid 1800s? In what ways were women excluded from the abolitionist movement? What gains did women make in education in 1820s and 1830s? Did these gains extend to African American women?

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