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European Exploration and Colonization
What European country explored and settled the Caribbean, Central America, and South America?Spain
For what two reasons did Englishmen settle in North America?Religious Freedom Economic Opportunity
What religious group settled New England?The Puritans
What was another name for the Church of England?The Anglican Church
What was the major reason for the settlement of New England?Religious Freedom
Who settled at Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620?The Separatists commonly called the Pilgrims
What agreement signed by the male settlers at Plymouth helped establish the notion of self-government in the Americas? The Mayflower Compact
Who settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony?The Puritans
How did the Puritans get their name?The Puritans wanted to purify or reform the Anglican Church.
What was the basic unit of the Massachusetts Bay Colony?The Church Congregation Each congregation established a Town
Where did the Puritans practice a form of direct democracy?At Town Meetings
Which colony did the Pilgrims settle?Plymouth
What three European groups chiefly settled the Middle Atlantic region?English Dutch Germans
What was the major reason for the settlement of Virginia and the other Southern colonies?Economic Opportunity
Who founded the Virginia colony as a business venture?The Virginia Company of London
Who were the English nobility who received large land grants in Virginia from the King of England and helped settle the colony? Cavaliers
Define indentured servant?A person who agreed to work a certain number of years in exchange for payment of his passage to America.
What was the first English attempt at a colony in the New World?Roanoke
What was the first permanent English settlement in North America?Jamestown
What became the cash crop of the Virginia colony?Tobacco
What was the first elected assembly (lawmaking body) in the New World?The House of Burgesses
With what colony does one associate the Cavaliers?Virginia
Where did many poor English immigrants settle in the Virginia colony?In the Shenandoah Valley or western Virginia
What regions of the Western Hemisphere did the Spanish explore and settle?The Caribbean Central America South America
What region of the Western Hemisphere did the French explore?Canada
Who had better relations with the First Americans, the British or the French?
How did English colonization affect the American Indians?Lost territory Died from European diseases, especially smallpox
What group did Europeans force to come to the Americas?Africans
Name four characteristics of the economy of the New England colonies?Shipbuilding Fishing Lumbering Subsistence Farming
Name three characteristics of the economy of the Middle Colonies?Shipbuilding Small farms Trading
What was the economic basis of the Southern colonies?Cash crops raised on large Plantations
Subsistence farming Hunting TradingWhat formed the basis of the economy of the Southern colonies in the mountains and valleys of the Appalachian foothills? Subsistence farming Hunting Trading
What were the three cash crops of the Southern colonies?Tobacco Rice Indigo
What were the two cash crops in South Carolina?Rice Indigo
Which English colonies believed in private property and free enterprise (profit)?ALL
What trade pattern brought Africans to the English colonies?The Triangular Trade
What was the name of the forced voyage of African slaves from their homes to the New World?The Middle Passage
The main reasons Africans died during the Middle Passage was becauseof crowded and unsanitary conditions led to disease and death
According to the SOL, what were the 3 points in the Triangular Trade?The New England Colonies The West Indies Africa
To what major conflict did the Southern colonies’ slavery-based agricultural economy eventually lead? The Civil War
Slave rebellions occurred in the British colonies becauseharsh laws were passed to control slaves
What two African American slaves led slave rebellions?Gabriel Prosser and Nat Turner
What does religious tolerance mean?Freedom of Religion
What religious group settled Pennsylvania?Quakers
What religious group settled Maryland?Roman Catholics
What two groups of colonists generally believed in religious tolerance?Quakers Roman Catholics
What is the term that describes British neglect of its colonies which actually resulted in economic growth and prosperity for the colonies? Salutary neglect
What are the eastern lowlands of the Atlantic Coastal Plain called?Tidewater
What was the background of the small farmers, hunters, and traders in the mountains and valleys of the inland South? Scotch-Irish English
What religious movement swept the American colonies in the mid-1700s?The Great Awakening
Name two important leaders of the Great Awakening?George Whitefield Jonathan Edwards
What two denominations grew rapidly as a result of the Great Awakening?Baptists Methodists
What religious movement of the mid-18th century preached “fire and brimstone” sermons to encourage spiritual rebirth? The Great Awakening
What did the Great Awakening challenge?The religious order of the colonies The governmental order of the colonies
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