Presentation on theme: "9/9 Bellringer North America 1754"— Presentation transcript:
1 9/9 Bellringer North America 1754 Which nation on the map had the “best” colonies? Why?Based on the map, what problems might arise among the European powers?How should these nations work out their differences?
2 Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God As a group, answer the questions.As an individual, write a HAPP analysis to the sermon.
3 H-A-P-P Historical Context Audience Point of View Perspective What is happening specific to the document and within the larger historical context that could influence this document?AudienceWhom is the author addressing, and how will that impact what is being written?Point of ViewWho was the person, and what was their opinion?PerspectiveWhat is the purpose of creating this document?Bias is not necessarily bad, but it is from a particular point of view
4 By the 1650s, Britain began to embrace the economic policy of mercantilism based on the idea that the colonies exist to generate wealth for the mother countryMercantilismMercantilism isbased on the idea of a balance of trade in which a nation exports more than it imports
5 The Navigation Acts required the colonists to trade only with Britain Mercantilism meant that Britain began to control & regulate colonial tradeIn 1660, Britain began the first of a series of Navigation Acts designed to restrict colonial trade & increase British wealthThe Navigation Acts required the colonists to trade only with Britain
6 All 13 of the British colonies participated in the trans-Atlantic trade… “Northern” Colonies“Southern” Colonies…But regional differences led to a long-term division between the “Southern” & “Northern” colonies
7 By 1750, Britain & France had become serious rivals because: Both nations used mercantilism to expand their colonial claims in order to increase their wealthBoth nations used mercantilism to expand their colonial claims in order to increase their wealthBritain & France went to war 3 times in Europe fromThese wars in Europe meant that their colonists would fight too
8 During the 1700s, both the British & French colonies were growing Land disputes along the Ohio River Valley led to the French & Indian War
9 09/10 Bellringer North America 1763 How did winning the French & Indian War set up Britain as the dominant economic power in the world?What effect might this victory have on British mercantilism?How might this war impact the British colonists? Indians?
11 The growth of the British & French colonies impacted Indians: French alliances grew strongerBritish colonists had many conflicts with natives1754 Albany Congress British settlers meet to discuss the common problem of Indian attacksBen Franklin suggested the Albany Plan of Union (coordinated colonial army) but plan was not approved
12 Turning Point: 1754In 1754, VA governor sent 22 year old George Washington to protect an Ohio Company claimWashington’s troops were forced to retreat from Fort Duquesne; This clash proved to be the beginning of the French & Indian War
13 The French and Indian War (1754-1763) Britain & the North American colonistsFrance, their colonists, & Indian alliesvs
14 1757, British Prime Minister William Pitt issued a “blank check” to win the war War started in N. America ( ), but became part of a larger “world” war (Seven Years War)
15 The war officially ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763 France lost Canada, most of its empire in India, & claims to lands east of the Mississippi RiverSpain got all lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to EnglandEngland gained all French lands in Canada & exclusive rights to the Caribbean slave tradeNorth America 1754North America 1763
17 Situation #1According to the Treaty of Paris in that ended the French & Indian War, the French have no more colonies in North America (except Haiti in the Caribbean)
18 Situation #2After the end of the French & Indian War, Parliament decided to leave the British army in North America
19 Situation #3The costs of winning the French & Indian War left the British Empire in severe debt that it now must pay off:British national debt, 1755: £74.6 million British national debt, 1764: £129.6 million
20 North America 1763The French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain & the American colonistsColonists excited about the possibility of new land in the westColonists learned new guerilla fighting tactics from the IndiansThe “blank check” led to huge war debts that Parliament expected colonist to help pay
21 Other problems strained the relationship between Britain & the colonists after the war: North America 1763Britain had to spend more money defending colonists in the frontierAfter Pontiac’s Rebellion, the Proclamation Line of 1763 was setThe British began governing their colonies more strictlyNew taxes & laws were passed without asking colonial assemblies
22 As Britain assumed more control, the colonists tried to hang onto the power of theircolonial assembliesThis shift would prove to be the beginning of the long road towards colonial independence