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Presentation on theme: " SW and Judaica Europeana - A Europeana Thematic Project Dov Winer European Association for Jewish Culture Europeana, aggregation."— Presentation transcript:

1 SW and Judaica Europeana - A Europeana Thematic Project Dov Winer European Association for Jewish Culture Europeana, aggregation of content and Linked Data for Cultural Heritage 22 nd November 2011 Citilab, Cornellà-Barcelona

2 Jewish participation in urban life in Europe Jewish cultural expressions in European cities can be documented through objects dispersed in many collections: documents, books, manuscripts, periodicals, photographs, works of art, religious artefacts, postcards, posters, audio-recordings and films, as well as buildings and cemeteries. History of the Jews by Heinrich Graetz, Leipzig 1864. Copper engraving of Moses Mendelssohn by A. and TH. Weger. Judaica Collection, Goethe University Library

3 * * YIVO: The Power of Persuasion, Jewish Posters from Prewar Poland 1900-1939

4 Jews and the City Prof. Steven Zipperstein points to the anti-urban bias of most of the Jewish historiography and how this began to change at the end of the 20th century. S. Zipperstein (1987),Jewish Historiography and the Modern City. Jewish History vol 2, pp 77-88 Modernization is about everyone becoming urban, mobile, literate, articulate, intellectually intricate, physically fastidious, and occupationally flexible. It is about learning how to cultivate people and symbols, not fields and herds. It is about pursuing wealth for the sake of learning, learning for the sake of wealth, and both wealth and learning for their own sake. It is about transforming peasants and princes into merchants and priests, replacing inherited privilege with acquired prestige, and dismantling social estates for the benefit of individuals, nuclear families, and book-reading tribes (nations). Modernization, in other words, is about everyone becoming Jewish. Yuri Slezkine, The Jewish Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. For the first chapter:

5 5,000,000 ~5,000,000 digital objects

6 The Judaica Europeana project The facts Co-funded by the eContentPlus program of the European Commission: initial budget framework of 3 Million Euro (~ 4 Million USD) First stage 2010-2012: Second stage 2012-14: continuity through a Memorandum of Understanding between partners and participation in DM2E – a 3-year Digital Humanities Europeana project to begin in 2012. The program Digitisation and aggregation of Jewish content for Europeana: 5 million objects Coordination of standards across institutions in order to synchronise the metadata with the requirements of Europeana. Deployment of knowledge management tools: vocabularies, thesauri and ontologies for the indexing, retrieval and re-use of the aggregated content. Dissemination activities to stimulate the use of digitised content in academic research; university- based teaching; schools; museums and virtual exhibitions; conferences; cultural tourism; the arts and multimedia.

7 The growing network 24 institutions in 16 cities: museums, libraries and archives Partners European Association of Jewish Culture, London Judaica Sammlung der Universitätsbibliothek der Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activity (MiBAC), Rome Amitié, Centre for Research and Innovation, Bologna British Library, London Hungarian Jewish Archives, Budapest Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw Jewish Museum of Greece, Athens Jewish Museum London National Technical University, Athens Associate Partners Center Jewish History, New York National Library of Israel, Jerusalem Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana, Amsterdam Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam Jewish Museum Berlin Jewish Museum, Frankfurt/Main Leopold Zunz Centrum, Halle-Wittenberg Lorand Collection, Augsburg University Paris Yiddish CenterMedem Library Sephardi Museum, Toledo Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute, Duisberg Ben Uri Gallery – The London Jewish Museum of Art

8 Extending the network The following expressed an interest in joining Judaica Europeana: Aberdeen University Library Widener Library, Harvard University Jewish Community Library and Archives, Venice London Metropolitan Archive Mantua City Archives Jewish Museum, Florence Jewish Museum, Prague Jewish Museum, Vienna Jewish Museum, Trieste Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life, University of California, Berkley Royal Library of Denmark Travelling trunk brought by a German refugee family to England in May 1939, Mädler Koffer, c.1930, Germany. Jewish Museum London

9 The Europeana universe NL 1 NL 2 NL 3 EDL National Digital Library ACE Film Archive X EurbicaNational Archive 1 MICHAEL CENL Museum X Archive X National Archive 2 Film Archive 1 Film Archive 2 Film Archive 3 National Archive 3 Library X Museum A Archive A Library A FIAT Television Archive 1 Television Archive n IASA Sound Archive 1 Sound Archive n ICOM Europe Museum 1 Museum 2 The European Library VideoActive ATHENA EFG CulturaItalia BAM CIMEC etc…… EuropeanaLocal Trebleclef PrestoPrime IMPACT BHL MIMO Europeana Connect Judaica Europeana Europeana Travel EUScreen STERNA APEnet ECLAP Carrare EURO-Photo HOPE Europeana Regia Natural Europe

10 Judaica Europeana Virtual Exhibitions

11 Virtual Exhibitions

12 Virtual Exhibitions


14 EDM Europeana Data Model Guus Schreiber with input from Carlo Meghini, Antoine Isaac, Stefan Gradmann, Makx Dekkers et al. from Europeana V1

15 Europeana architecture Slide taken from the presentation by Cesare Concordia, ISTI/CNR at the LIDA 2009 Workshop

16 The essence of RDF: the triple Source: The thirty minute guide to RDF and Linked Data, by Ian Davis and Tom Heath subject property value

17 Linked Open Data Datasets on the Web: 10/2011 ngOpenData/DataSets/Statistics Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. Over 31.7 billion RDF triples

18 Europeana Data Model 1.Distinction between provided object (painting, book, program) and digital representation 2.Distinction between object and metadata record describing an object 3.Allows for multiple records for the same object, containing potentially contradictory statements about an object 4.Support for objects that are composed of other objects 5.Standard metadata format that can be specialized 6.Standard vocabulary format that can be specialized 7.EDM should be based on existing standards ̶ not yet another standard !

19 EDM basics OAI ORE for organization of metadata about an object ̶ requirements 1-4 Dublin Core for metadata representation ̶ requirement 5 SKOS for vocabulary representation ̶ requirement 6 OAI ORE, Dublin Core and SKOS together fulfil requirement 7

20 Tagging content with controlled vocabularies: Irish vocabulary on Vikings From Jill Cousins, Europeana Overview presentation, at the Europeana 2010 Open Culture Conference

21 Tagging content with controlled vocabularies: Norwegian vocabulary on Vikings From Jill Cousins, Europeana Overview presentation, at the Europeana 2010 Open Culture Conference

22 Mapped vocabularies – semantic graphs

23 The role of controlled vocabularies in Judaica Europeana

24 Judaica Europeana Vocabularies Who? What? When? Where?

25 Who?

26 Comprehensive review of names authorities open issues and initiaties Spelling it all out: FRAD, ISNI, RDA, VIAF automation and the future of authority control Alan Danskin Metadata & Bibliographic Standards Coordinator British Library danskin_files/v3_document.html

27 When?


29 The award-winning Where Once We Walked (WOWW) has been completely revised and updated to reflect the changes in the political geography of Central and Eastern Europe since WOWW was published in 1991. There are also a number of improvements to the original edition noted below. The new edition identifies more than 23,500 towns in Central and Eastern Europe where Jews lived Where?


31 vocabularies




35 Tasks for a common agenda on Jewish vocabularies Who? Names – Disseminate the use of VIAF – Seek to include periodical publications in VIAF – RAMBI – Long term common effort to achieve comprehensiveness Where? Places – JewishGen and Yad Vashem gazetteers as linked data? – Use Europeana guidelines to map places coordinates – Registry of Jewish gazetteers / RDF/ community based Jewish gazetteer service similar to GeoNames, Freebase, LinkedGeoData etc When? Periods – Survey available vocabularies and seek to express them as Linked Data Institutional tools for in-depth probe on current periodisation practices

36 Hebrew and Multilingual Access to Europeana through the IMJ Vocabularies Objects Periods Places Artists

37 Judaica Europeana and digital humanities

38 Judaica Europeana – digital humanities events 30 July 2010, University of Bologna, Ravenna Campus at the EAJS Congress The Judaica Europeana Digital Humanities Workshop sponsored by COST Action 32 Open Scholarly Communities on the Web 7 October 2010, National Library of Israel and COST Interedition Workshop: Judaica Europeana and Interedition: Tools and methodologies used in the field of digital scholarly editing and research. 6-10 July 2011, Goethe University Frankfurt/Main Summer School for PhD Students in Modern European Jewish History and German Jewish Studies The Judaica Europeana Workshop on digitized primary resources for Jewish studies led by Rachel Heuberger 11 August 2011, National Library of Israel, Jerusalem Semantic MediaWiki and the Haskala Project: Building a modern Jewish Republic of Letters in the 18th and 19th Century using the Semantic Web The National Library of Israel and Judaica Europeana workshop 26 September 2011, Kings College London Workshop on Semantic MediaWiki: a tool for collaborative databases Judaica Europeana Haskala Database with Yaron Koren 31 October 2011, British Library, London Workshop on Judaica Europeana and Digital Humanities at the British Library

39 From Gradmann (2008) Processing source data in the Humanities: aggregation

40 From Gradmann (2008) … modeling …

41 From Gradmann (2008) … and digital heuristics?

42 Supporting a Community of Knowledge Jewish Enlightenment (HASKALA): The Republic of Letters Project Prof. Shmuel Feiner, Bar Ilan University Prof. Zohar Shavit, University of Tel Aviv Prof. Christoph Schulte, University of Potsdam Investigated the secularization of the traditional book culture Established a detailed database about a thousand books from the end of the 18 th and early 19 th century Texts in Hebrew, German. Database in SQL with a Visual Basic interface supporting some 147 pre-defined queries

43 Supporting a Community of Knowledge Development phases: Tools developed in the cluster of COST A32 Open Scholarly communities in the Web – Michele Barbera and Christian Barbidoni as main developers Linked Data: Exposing your metadata on the Web – presentation by Prof. Philippe Laublet and Milan Stankovic of STIH – University of Paris- Sorbonne, February 2011) Yaron Koren, WikiWorks one of the main developers of the Semantic Media Wiki

44 Judaica Europeana pilot project at the University of Frankfurt with support by WikiWorks, Yaron Koren Conversion of the Haskala database to CVS Importing it as RDF in the Semantic Media Wiki Metadata enrichment Include the digitised versions of the books (Frankfurt University, National Library of Israel) Substitute SKOS formatted controlled vocabularies for the present textual strings (e.g. VIAF for names, GeoNames for locations etc) Design of the new work environment of the Haskala research group Publication of selections of the database in Europeana/LOD

45 Supporting a Community of Knowledge:Functionalities Improved data structure In place of categories for structuring data, simple queries will reduce the need for a complex classification system. Semantic templates enable the storage of semantic markup, the wiki will further develop its solid data structure. Searching information Individual users can search for specific information by creating their own queries reducing the dependences of the researchers on the developers. Automatically-generated lists Visual display of information The various display formats defined by additional extensions, such as Semantic Result Formats and Semantic Maps, allow for displaying of information in calendars, timelines, graphs and maps, Inter-language consistency External reuse Data, once it is created in an SMW wiki, does not have to remain within the wiki; it can easily be exported via formats like CSV, JSON and RDF. This enables an SMW wiki to serve as a data source for other applications Integrate and mash-up data Supported by extensions such as the Data Import, Data Transfer and External Data extensions.

46 Judaica Europeana and DM2E will participate from February 2012 in the project DM2E Digital Manuscripts for Europeana




50 DM2E functionality

51 Thank you!

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