Although more women wanted to enter the workforce, employers were exclusively hiring men for higher paying positions.
Section 1: Students and the Counterculture Students v. Hippies Counterculture- a culture w/ values and beliefs different from those of the mainstream. Ex/ HIPPIES Lifestyle: rock music, drugs, communal living …
Section 2: The Feminist Movement African Americans and college students were not only groups seeking to change American society New movement: FEMINIST ( the belief that men and women should be equal politically, economically, and socially). After WWI, WWII families discouraged women from seeking employment. ORIGINS OF THE MOVEMENT by the early 1960s many women were increasingly resentful of a world where newspapers ads separated jobs by gender. Banks denied credit and female employees often were paid less for same work. Women worked in lower paying clerical, sales, or factory jobs or as cleaning women and hospital attendants.
Equal Pay act (1963)- in most cases outlawed paying men more than women for the same job. Feminist Mystique: Betty Friedman wrote the Feminist Mystique: “The problem lay buried, unspoken, for many years in the minds of American women. It was a strange stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning that women suffered in the middle of the twentieth century. Each suburban wife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries, matched slipcover material, ate peanut butter sandwiches with her children, chauffeured Cub Scouts and Brownies... she was afraid to ask even of herself the silent question – ‘Is this all’? –Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique, 1963
Equal Rights Amendment Although the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Tittle VII) outlawed job discrimination not only on the basis of race, color, religion and national origin, but also on that basis of gender….. Law on books was not enough. NOW (Organization for Women): pass an Equal rights Amendment to the Constitution…1972
ROE V. WADE DECISION: Government could not regulate abortion during the first 3 month of pregnancy The next 3 month…states could regulate abortion on the base of the health of the mother. State could ban abortion on the last 3 months except in case of emergency.