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DOG Daily Oral Geography.

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Presentation on theme: "DOG Daily Oral Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 DOG Daily Oral Geography

2 What is Geography? Study of where things are on Earth, why they are there, and their relationships to people, things, or other places Who are geographers? Study where things are and why Use THE FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY to learn about the world

Our position on Earth’s surface Absolute Location: tells exactly where something is located 109 Third Street 49°N, 25°W Relative Location: tells where something is located in relation to a place you already know Five blocks north of the high school Globe: small model of our round-shaped planet Earth Map: flat representation of Earth Latitude Longitude = grid

4 MAPS Grids - marked with numbers and letters Direction
Scale 1” = 35 miles 1 cm = 20 km Keys/Legends - tell what the symbols mean Title

5 Map Projections Map projections distort landforms

6 Types of Maps Political: shows location of countries, states, and provinces with boundary lines of governments (can change) Physical: location of an area’s physical features - rivers, lakes, mountains, plateaus, valleys, seas (don’t change much)

7 used to describe the cultural and natural features
2. PLACE used to describe the cultural and natural features Physical Characteristics: landforms, vegetation, and climate combine in different ways to give a place unique physical characteristics. Physical characteristics include the following: * Oceans: largest water masses on earth * Pacific Ocean * Atlantic Ocean * Indian Ocean * Arctic Ocean *Seas *Mediterranean Sea *Caribbean Sea *North Sea *Black Sea

8 *Other Bodies of Water *gulfs *lakes *rivers *streams *ponds

9 *Continents: 7 parts of Earth's land mass North America South America Africa Asia Australia Antarctica Europe

10 Atmosphere: where weather develops
*Atmosphere: where weather develops *Climate: main kind of weather in an area; affected by distance from the equator; precipitation makes a difference in climate

11 Natural Vegetation Regions
Savannah Steppe Tundra Tropical Rainforests

12 Place: Human Characteristics
Cultural: language, religion, and beliefs define a place’s human character Helps make you more aware of what makes a place special * Cultural * Natural Language Landscape Clothing Plants Buildings Animal Life Music Climate Foods

Study to learn how people use Earth’s resources and how that affects geographical systems Changes and adaption's to surroundings (irrigation, skyscrapers) There are always advantages and disadvantages to living in an area

14 Decisions People Make to Adapt to the Environment
People depend on the environment People modify their environment People adapt to their environment

15 4. MOVEMENT How people, ideas, information, and products move around the world Factors of movement * PUSH FACTORS *PULL FACTORS War Exploration Religion Jobs Freedom Money

16 Geographers understand what effects movement has had on people and the environment
Geographers learn how ideas move

17 5. REGIONS Areas that have certain characteristics in common
Geographers divide the world into regions Used as a theme to make comparisons A region has natural and cultural features distinct from other places

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