Presentation on theme: " 5 Themes of Geography include: 1. Place 2. Location 3. Region 4. Movement 5. Human-Environment Interaction Understanding the 5 themes helps geographers."— Presentation transcript:
5 Themes of Geography include: 1. Place 2. Location 3. Region 4. Movement 5. Human-Environment Interaction Understanding the 5 themes helps geographers determine why societies developed the way that they did and act the way that they do.
Regardless of their type, most all maps include similar features: 1. Scale - the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground 2. Key/legend - a table on a map or chart listing and explaining the symbols used. 3. Compass Rose - a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart
4. Longitude and Latitude: Longitude - the angular distance of a place east or west of the Prime Meridian ▪ i.e. 60 Degrees West Prime Meridian - the earth's zero of longitude, which passes through Greenwich, England. Latitude - the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator Equator - an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles; parallel of latitude 0° Lines are expressed in degrees because the earth is a sphere 1.Latitude is listed first, followed by longitude 2.What country would be 30 Degrees South, 135 Degrees East?
Line of Longitude and Latitude are used by geographers to divide the world in to hemispheres Hemi – half Sphere – circle Equator divides the world in to Northern and Southern Hemispheres Prime Meridian divides the world in to Eastern and Western Hemispheres Combined, the earth is divided into 4 parts Northwest Northeast Southwest Southeast
Today we are going to apply our skills, and gain some new vocabulary, by completing a physical map of the world For each portion of the handout you must: 1. Define the key term ▪ (Do this on a separate sheet of paper) ▪ Title: Landform Vocabulary 2. Map it 3. Make an inference based on the question Partner Work Materials: ▪ Textbook ▪ Writing Utensil ▪ Colored Pencils ▪ Maps handout
6. Ocean A very large expanse of water encompassing more than one sea. 7. Sea - a roughly definable area of the ocean 8. Bay - a broad inlet of the sea where the land curves inward. 9. Gulf - a deep inlet of the sea almost surrounded by land, with a narrow mouth 10. River Mouth - A river mouth or stream mouth is a part of a river where it flows into a sea, river, lake, reservoir or ocean. 11. Highland - an area of high or mountainous land. 13. Plain - a large area of flat land with few trees 14. Cape - is a headland or promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea.