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I. Geography Skills A. Terms
1. Latitude: - Distance north or south of equator - Lines called parallels
2. Equator: 0 degrees latitude - halfway between North and South Poles
3. Longitude: Distance east and west of Prime Meridian Lines called meridians
4. Prime Meridian: 0 degrees longitude, at Greenwich, England; time start point
5. International Date Line –180 degrees longitude
6. Grid: formed by lines of lat. and long.
7. Degrees - measure of distance: 60 minutes in degree 60 seconds in minute Example: 36°37’30"N 087°26’22"W
8. Hemispheres – half of the globe Map of the World, 1597 Western and Eastern Northern and Southern map dated 1/1/1790
1. Map: flat diagram of all or part of Earth’s surface
2. Atlas: collection of maps in one book
3. Map Projections: Ways of showing round world on flat maps
Three types: cylindrical conic flat-plane
Great-circle route: The shortest route between any two points on Earth
C. Map Essentials
1. Legend or Key – explain what symbols represent
2. Compass Rose – arrows point in cardinal directions
3. Scales – measure distance
4. Inset maps –small part of larger map
D. Working with maps
1. Physical-political maps: show physical and political features
2. Climate Maps: show weather patterns
3. Population maps: show where people live, population density
4. Economic maps: show resources, industries
E. Using Graphs and Diagrams
Bar graph Pie Graph Line Graph
Climograph – compares temperature and precipitation
Tables –statistical information
Timelines – Events over a period of time
Map skills Latitude and Longitude
Longitude and Latitude
Latitude and Longitude
Geography Skills Vocab
Objective 1: Students will review geography skills
Chapter 1: Section 2 September 3, 2013
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