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Presentation on theme: "PARTS OF A MAP."— Presentation transcript:


2 Parts of a Map There are five parts of a map. Title Key (or legend)
Scale Compass Rose Grid System What part is NOT on the map on the next slide?


4 Title tells what the map is showing
Always look at a map’s title first. It will tell you what the map is showing you. For example: rainfall map, population map, physical features map, and political map

5 Key or Legend explains symbols
The key or legend explains what the symbols on a map mean. The most used symbol is color. For example, blue means water on most maps.

6 Scale measures distance
Maps are made to scale. That means there is a direct connection between a unit of measurement on the map and the actual distance. For example, each inch on the map represents one mile on Earth. So, a map of a town would show a mile-long strip of fast food joints and auto dealers in one inch.

7 Compass Rose shows direction
A compass is a tool that helps the user know what direction one is headed. On a map, a compass or a compass rose helps the user locate these directions.

8 Types of Directions The cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west. (N, S, E, W) The intermediate directions are northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest. (NE, SE, SW, NW) They help describe the location of places in relation to other places.

9 Grid System used to locate places on a map
There are two main lines that make up the grid system – latitude and longitude. Latitude and longitude are measured in degrees. The symbol for degrees is When listing latitude and longitude you always list latitude first, then longitude. It should look like this example N, 62 E. A comma goes in between the 2 numbers.

10 “A Way To Find Where You Are
Latitude & Longitude “A Way To Find Where You Are on the GLOBE!”

11 Latitude & Longitude Coordinates
Latitude and longitude are imaginary lines that make it easy to find a location on a map. Latitude and longitude are two numbers that pinpoint the location of places on the surface of the earth.

12 Latitude

13 A Sphere may be cut in Half Horizontally Creating 2 Hemispheres.
The Dividing Line

14 The Imaginary Dividing Line is Called the Equator
Equator - 0° Latitude

15 Northern & Southern Hemispheres
Latitude lines above  the equator are callednorth latitude.  They are in the  northern hemisphere.  Those below the  equator are called  south latitude.  They are in the  southern hemisphere 

16 Remembering Latitude The horizontal lines are parallels of latitude. Notice latitude lines are smaller at the top & bottom. They look like the rungs on a ladder (the part you step on). Sing to the tune of “The Wheels on the Bus”: I'm climbing the Ladder of Latitudes, latitudes, latitudes I'm climbing the ladder of latitudes, all around the world.

17 Latitude The equator is at 0° latitude.
Degrees of latitude are numbered from 0° to  90° north and south to the both poles. While latitude lines run E and W, they are measured N and S because of the equator being their starting point. 

18 More on Latitude Each of the latitude lines are approximately 69 miles apart.    They are also known as parallels because they never touch.

19 “Things That Make You Go
L O N G I T U D E “Things That Make You Go HMMMMM?”

20 If a Sphere is Cut in Half Vertically, the Western & Eastern Hemispheres are Created
The Dividing Line

21 The Imaginary Dividing Line is Called the Prime Meridian
Prime Meridian 0° Longitude

22 Prime Meridian The prime meridian goes through Greenwich, England at 0° Longitude

23 Eastern & Western Hemispheres
Longitude meridians to the left of the prime meridian are called west longitude. They are in the western hemisphere. Those to the right of the prime meridian are called east longitude. They are in the eastern hemisphere

24 Remembering Longitude
Longitude meridians are all long. They do not change in size.. Sing to the tune of “The Wheels on the Bus”: It's a LONG, LONG way from pole to pole, pole to pole, pole to pole It's a LONG, LONG way from pole to pole, so we call those LONGITUDES

25 More Longitude While longitude lines run N and S, they are measured E and W because the Prime Meridian is the starting point. They are also known as meridians.

26 Steps Check whether it’s in the northern or southern hemisphere.
Determine its latitude. Check whether it’s in the eastern or western hemisphere. Determine its longitude. 5. Use the correct punctuation and capitalization when writing your lat/long.

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