Row 1, Col 1 As the Roman Empire grew, what did some emperors fear? (Pgs. 30-31) That the empire was too large making it difficult to control.
2,1 How did the location of Constantinople affect its development? (Pgs. 36 and 38) Being located between two seas protected it from attack and it was a perfect spot to control trade between Europe and Asia
3,1 Who was Emperor Justinian ? List 2 of his achievements. (Pgs. 36-37) Leader of the Byzantine empire – 1. Justinian Codes 2. Building churches
4,1 Who conquered the city of Constantinople and what religion did they spread? (Pgs. 37 and 89) Ottomans, Islam
5,1 What were the differences between the leadership of the Eastern and Western Roman Empires? (Pg. 39-40) In the East, the emperor was the head of the church and government.
1,2 Unlike the emperor of the Western empire, The Byzantine emperor had power over… The Emperor was the head of the government and the church
2,2 Describe how missionaries and monks helped the spread of Christianity throughout Europe? (Pg. 235) Missionaries spread the “word of God” and monks lived in monasteries which gave pilgrims a place to stay.
3,2 Who conquered parts of the former Roman Empire and was later crowned by Pope Leo “Emperor of the Romans” in the year 800? (Pgs. 237-239) Charlemagne
4,2 What is excommunication? Why did Medieval Christians fear it? (Pg. 261) To be cast out of the church (take out) and could not go to Heaven.
5,2 What was the result of the split in the Christian Church or “the Great Schism” in the 1000s? (Pg. 262) Eastern Church no longer recognized Pope as their leader.
1,3.Who were the invaders from Scandinavia that attacked Europe during the 700s and 800s? (Pgs. 237-239) The Vikings
2,3 Viking, Magyar and Muslim invasions of Europe led to the development of which system? (Pgs. 243-244) Feudalism
3,3 Who won the Battle of Hastings and spread the Feudalism to Britain/England (Pg. 244) William the Conqueror
4,3 Define chivalry. What term has a similar meaning in Japanese? (Pg. 243) Knights code of behavior - Bushido
5,3 What did knights receive in exchange for their pledge/oath of loyalty to a lord? (Pg. 243) Fief =land
1,4 Describe the bishop disagreement between Pope Gregory and Henry IV? (Pg. 259) The King thought he should appoint bishops, Gregory disagreed.
2,4 Why were the Crusades fought? (Pgs. 264-265) To gain control of the “Holy Land” or Jerusalem
3,4 Who did the Christians fight against in the crusades? (Pgs. 264-265) Muslims/Turks
4,4 Who answered the call to fight in the Crusades? Feudal Lords, knights, and peasants
5,4 Describe three results of the Crusades for Europeans. (Pg. 268) Trade was expanded; improvements in maps, ships and in exploration. Also a decline in Feudalism – no one to Protect
4,4 Why did Nobles make King John sign the Magna Carta in 1215? (Pgs. 276-277) They wanted to limit the king’s power and have their rights listed.
4,4 What does the right of Habeas Corpus mean? (Pg. 277) People can not be held in jail without a reason.
4,4 What was the main goal of Isabella and Ferdinand in Spain? (Pg. 284) To spread Christianity in Spain.
4,4 Describe the purpose of the Spanish Inquisition? (Pg. 284) To punish Non-Christians and Non – Believers in Spain.
4,4 What did most art and architecture created in the Middle Ages focused on…? (Pg.274) Christianity