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Introduction to the Byzantine Empire By Emperor Fitzpatrick.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the Byzantine Empire By Emperor Fitzpatrick."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to the Byzantine Empire By Emperor Fitzpatrick

2 Objective You should remember how the Byzantine Empire came to be. You should recognize why the location for Constantinople was key to it’s success.

3 The founding of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire Since the Rule of Diocletian (in the late 200s A.D.) The Roman Empire was divided in two Western and Eastern Empires The Western half was being weakened by constant attacking Germanic invaders. In 330 A.D. Emperor Constantine decided to relocate the capital.


5 Byzantium He chose to locate the capital at the Greek city of Byzantium, later renamed Constantinople (this was the area we looked at on the map) Constantine molded the new capital after Rome Often referred to as “new Rome”

6 Advantages Peninsula Provided natural safe harbors for ships both merchant and military ships Provided natural defense water on three sides (the Black and Aegean Seas) MAP

7 Advantages Trade Easy access to the Mediterranean Sea Located at an important land route that linked Europe and Asia (Silk Road) MAP

8 What are the advantages of building a major city here?

9 Constantinople City was heavily fortified Water on three side plus a wall was built to protect the fourth side (sometimes chained the harbor) Multi-ethnic city Greeks, Persians, Italians, Turks, Slavs, Armenians, and Jews lived in the city The citizens spoke Greek, but Latin was the official language.



12 Constantinople During Constantine's rule, over 600,000 people lived in the city. Constantine convinced many wealthy Romans to move to the city by offering to build them palaces.

13 Rise of the Eastern Empire In 410 A.D. Rome fell to the Germanic invaders However the city of Constantinople and the eastern empire remained. This is when the Byzantine Empire began.

14 A Look Ahead Mapping Activity Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora Byzantine Art Christianity Splits Military, Weapons and Tactics Collapse of the Empire Review and Test Culminating Activity

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