Presentation on theme: "European Quality Assurance in Higher Education after the London ministerial meeting: moving towards 2010 (and beyond) Vatican City, 14 November 2007."— Presentation transcript:
1 European Quality Assurance in Higher Education after the London ministerial meeting: moving towards 2010 (and beyond) Vatican City, 14 November Peter Williams President ENQA
2 ENQAnetwork founded in 2000; association in 2004umbrella NGO for European QA agencies35 Full members, 10 Candidate membersassociates and affiliates since 2006: 12+2structure: Board, General Assembly, Secretariatfrom Helsinki to Brussels in 2008external reviews of ENQA member agencies by 2010co-operation within E4 (EUA, ESU, EURASHE)
3 European standards and guidelines (ESG) drafted by ENQA in consultation with EUA, EURASHE and ESIBapproved by the Bologna ministerial conference in Bergen in 2005consist ofESG for internal QA within HEIs (Part 1)ESG for the external QA of higher education (Part 2)ESG for external QA agencies (Part 3)
4 London Communiqué: extracts on QA (1) […ESG] have been a powerful driver of change inrelation to QA. All countries have started toimplement them and some have made substantialprogress. External QA in particular is much betterdeveloped than before […] student involvement atall levels has increased […] Since the mainresponsibility for quality lies with HEIs, theyshould continue to develop their systems of QA. Weacknowledge the progress made with regard tomutual recognition of accreditation and qualityassurance decisions, and encourage continuedinternational cooperation amongst QA agencies.
5 London Communiqué: extracts on QA (2) The first European Quality AssuranceForum, jointly organised by EUA, ENQA,EURASHE and ESU/ESIB (the E4 Group) in2006 provided an opportunity to discussEuropean developments in QA. Weencourage the four organisations tocontinue to organise European QA Foraon an annual basis, to facilitate thesharing of good practice and ensure thatquality in the EHEA continues to improve.
6 London Communiqué: extracts on QA (3) We thank the E4 Group for responding to our request to furtherdevelop the practicalities of setting up a Register ofEuropean Higher Education Quality Assurance Agencies.The purpose […] is […] open access to objective informationabout trustworthy QA agencies that are working in line withthe ESG. It will therefore enhance confidence in highereducation […] and facilitate the mutual recognition of QAand accreditation decisions. We welcome the establishment of aregister by the E4 group […] The register will be voluntary,self-financing, independent and transparent. Applicationsfor inclusion on the register should be evaluated on the basis ofsubstantial compliance with the ESG, evidenced through anindependent review process endorsed by nationalauthorities […] We ask the E4 group to report progress to usregularly through BFUG, and to ensure that after two years ofoperation, the register is evaluated externally […]
7 The Register – progress to date after the ministerial endorsement, a Register working group set up by E4Project Manager appointed, with EC fundingname and acronym: European Quality Assurance Register in Higher Education, EQARwebsite under construction, will be launched in December 2007:will be founded as an association under Belgian Law -> statutes and structure need to conform with that lawfounding GA meeting on 4 March 2008envisaged first applications in June 2008
8 EQAR in practice (1) Register Committee 11 members in their individual capacity5 government observersAppeals Committee3 membersApproval based on nominationsElectionGeneral AssemblyFounding Members E4 GroupSocial Partners BE and EIGovernmental Members EHEA Governments, CoE, CEPESExecutive Board: 4 members (elected on proposal of the E4)Secretariat: Director (1 FTE) + Administrative assistant (0.5 FTE)
9 EQAR in practice (2): membership non-governmental members:founding members (the E4 organisations)social partner members (EI, BE)governmental membersall parties to the European Cultural Conventionintergovernmental organisations that are consultative members of the BFUG (CoE, UNESCO-CEPES)members not to be confused with the agencies listed in the Registermembers pay annual membership fees, agencies pay application fees and annual fees (to stay listed)
11 EQAR in practice (4)promotes student mobility by providing a basis for the increase of trust among the HEIs;reduces opportunities for “accreditation mills” to gain credibility;provides a basis for governments to authorise HEIs to choose any agency from the Register, if that is compatible with national arrangements;provides a means for HEIs to choose between different agencies, if that is compatible with national arrangements;serves as an instrument to improve the quality of the quality assurance agencies and to promote mutual trust among them.
12 EQAR in practice (5) – what will it look like? will be an easily accessible, publicly available, web-based information tool consisting in a list of QA agencies operating in Europeavailable atcontains basic information, such as:agency’s name and contact informationQA services provided by the agencyENQA membershipcountry where the agency is establishedcountries in which the agency operates
13 Relationship between ENQA and EQAR ENQA is an umbrella organisation for QA agencies, a membership organisationorganises events, publishes reports, shares and promotes good practice, conducts different (research) projectsrepresents the interests of its members in the EHEA and internationallyEQAR will be an information tool on trustworthy agencies, a list on the internetwill not organise events, publish reports, share good practice or conduct (research) projects
14 Relationship between ENQA and EQAR ENQA will be a (founding) member of the EQAR associationENQA will nominate two representatives for the Register CommitteeENQA will nominate one of the four members of the Executive Board and thereby be involved in the day-to-day management of the EQAR
15 The Register balance sheet (so far) The answersan informative list of QA agenciesA weapon against bogus agenciesThe remaining questionsDuplication with ENQA membership?Different decisions from ENQA?Complexity of structure?Who’s going to pay?Control of agencies?Ossification of ESG?Proven market/need?‘Sledgehammer to crack a nut’?A new empire?Possible future misuse?
16 Bologna Process: priorities for 2009 mobilitysocial dimensiondata collectionemployabilityEHEA in a global contextstocktakingdegree system and employability of graduatesrecognition of degrees and study periodsimplementation of all aspects of QA in line with the ESGnational qualifications frameworks, learning outcomes and credits, lifelong learning, and the recognition of prior learning
17 Bologna Process: 2010 and beyond will go on in some format: BFUG will report to the Leuven/La Neuve ministerial meeting in 2009 on the possible further development and support structurespossible reformulation of the EHEA vision?an independent assessment in 2010 of the Bologna Process
18 Feedback from members at the Oslo GA – ENQA priorities for short term strengthen the internal communication within ENQA;clarify the relationship between ENQA and EQAR;create standards, supplementary to the ESG, on transnational themes such as the quality of e-learning;play a major role in the Bologna Process as an overarching “political” organisation providing frameworks for the evolution of QA agencies;continue to be open to all agencies and, as a learning organisation, enable agencies to develop continuously;develop a lead role in representing the interests of its member agencies at European and international levels.
19 European quality assurance agency? European think-thank? ENQA in the futureEuropean quality assurance agency?European think-thank?inclusiveness / exclusiveness?compact association or going back to loose network?the ‘political’ role after the establishment of EQAR?the future of the ESG?wider international role for ENQA?radical rethinking of quality assurance?