We live in the Milky Way Galaxy. The Earth is just one small part of this galaxy. The Milky Way is a spiral galaxy.
The galaxies in the universe are moving farther apart. This means that the universe is getting larger. But how did the universe form in the first place? Scientists explain this with a theory called the Big Bang.
It is believed that this “big bang” happened between 10 and 20 billion years ago. It was a huge explosion that pushed material throughout the universe.
A solar system consists of a star at the middle of several revolving planets. Earth is part of a solar system.
Our solar system was formed about 5 billion years ago when a giant cloud of dust and gas ( a nebula ) collapsed to form the sun and the planets.
What is the future of our universe? There are two possibilities: 1. Expansion continues; stars eventually die 2. “big crunch” - all matter pulled back to center of universe In reality, no-one knows.